The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East) 33
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Name: Date: Class:
Chapter 4: The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
Vocabulary: Know the Terms
Directions: Define the given term in your own words.
1. nomad
2. irrigation
3. absolute location
4. OPEC
5. Palestinian-Israeli conflict
6. nationalism
7. refugee
8. al-Qaeda
Continued on next page.
34 The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
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Directions: Draw an image or symbol that represents the term.
monotheism polytheism Ramadan Torah
church ethnic group desalination oasis
Directions: Write a complete paragraph to explain the topic.
Why is petroleum important to the economies of the countries in Southwest Asia? What effects
would a rise or drop in oil prices have on these countries?
The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East) 35
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Name: Date: Class:
Chapter 4: The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
Section 1: The Geography of Southwest Asia
Section 1: Physical Geography
Directions: Use the map on page 65 of your texbook to answer the questions.
1. What are the two largest countries in Southwest Asia? _____________________________________
2. What body of water separates Saudi Arabia and Iran? ______________________________________
3. What body of water borders Israel? ______________________________________________________
4. What is the capital city of Saudi Arabia? _________________________________________________
Directions: Write one or two complete sentences to answer each question.
5. Why is the Suez Canal important to trade?
6. What vital resource is in short supply in Southwest Asia and what are answers to the issue?
7. How does technology lead to environmental protection?
8. What major rivers are located in the region? Why are they important?
Continued on next page.
36 The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
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9. What are the different regions of Israel? Why are they divided?
10. What are the two major deserts of Southwest Asia?
11. What is the primary resource for the wealthiest of Southwest Asian countries?
The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East) 37
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Name: Date: Class:
Chapter 4: The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
Section 2: The People of Southwest Asia
Section 2: Religions and Ethnic Groups
Directions: Complete the graphic organizer with information from the text.
Judaism Christianity Islam
Symbol
Founder
Date
Founding
Ethnic Group
Major Beliefs
Significant
Individuals
Holy Text
Place of
Worship
Holidays
Continued on next page.
38 The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
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Directions: Write four facts for each ethnic group in the space surrounding the name.
Persians Kurds
Arabs Hebrews
• speak Hebrew language
• most are Jewish, some Christian converts
• live in Israel
• descendants of Abraham, David, and King
Solomon
Ethnicities
of
Southwest Asia
Directions: Write a complete paragraph that summarizes the three major religions of Southwest Asia:
Islam, Christianity, and Judaism.
The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East) 39
© 2017 Clairmont Press, Inc. DO NOT DUPLICATE 1-800-874-8638
Name: Date: Class:
Chapter 4: The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
Section 3: OPEC and Oil in Southwest Asia
Section 3: Oil Production
Directions: Use the chart to answer the questions below.
Top Opec Oil-Producing Nations & United States
Iran Saudi Arabia UAE Iraq
Millions of Barrels per Day
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
U.S.A.
Source: OPEC.org / www.eia.gov
1. In order, list the top OPEC countries for oil production.
1. ___________________________________
2. ___________________________________
3. ___________________________________
4. ___________________________________
2. How much higher is the oil production of Iran than that of Iraq? _____________________________
3. What are the bars in the graph representative of? __________________________________________
4. With oil production in the United States rising steadily, what will happen to prices? ______________
Continued on next page.
40 The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
© 2017 Clairmont Press, Inc. DO NOT DUPLICATE 1-800-874-8638
Directions: Read the article and answer the questions in complete sentences.
CIA World Factbook Saudi Arabia: Economy – Overview
Saudi Arabia has an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major
economic activities. It possesses about 16% of the world’s proven petroleum reserves, ranks
as the largest exporter of petroleum, and plays a leading role in OPEC. The petroleum sector
accounts for roughly 87% of budget revenues, 42% of GDP, and 90% of export earnings.
Saudi Arabia is encouraging the growth of the private sector in order to diversify its economy
and to employ more Saudi nationals. Over 6 million foreign workers play an important role in
the Saudi economy, particularly in the oil and service sectors; at the same time, however, Riyadh
is struggling to reduce unemployment among its own nationals. Saudi officials are particularly
focused on employing its large youth population, which generally lacks the education and
technical skills the private sector needs.
In 2016, the Kingdom incurred a budget deficit estimated at 13.6% of GDP, which was
financed by bond sales and drawing down reserves. Although the Kingdom can finance high
deficits for several years by drawing down its considerable foreign assets or by borrowing, it has
cut capital spending. Plans to cut deficits include introducing a value-added tax and reducing
subsidies on electricity, water, and petroleum products. In January 2016, Crown Prince and Deputy
Prime Minister MUHAMMAD BIN SALMAN announced that Saudi Arabia intends to list shares
of its state-owned petroleum company, ARAMCO - another move to increase revenue and outside
investment. The government has also looked at privatization and diversification of the economy
more closely in the wake of a diminished oil market. Historically, Saudi Arabia has focused
diversification efforts on power generation, telecommunications, natural gas exploration, and
petrochemical sectors. More recently, the government has approached investors about expanding
the role of the private sector in the healthcare, education and tourism industries. While Saudi
Arabia has emphasized their goals of diversification for some time, current low oil prices may
force the government to make more drastic changes ahead of their long-run timeline.
Source: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/index.html
1. According to the article, who controls the major economic activities?
2. Why has Saudi Arabia begun to encourage diversification of its economy?
3. Historically, on what sectors has the government focused its diversification efforts?
The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East) 41
© 2017 Clairmont Press, Inc. DO NOT DUPLICATE 1-800-874-8638
Name: Date: Class:
Chapter 4: The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
Section 4: A Brief History of Southwest Asia
Section 4: Conflict and Change
Directions: Complete the graphic organizer with explanations for each group’s opposing viewpoints.
Write two or three details about each group with information from the text.
A Region of Conflict
Israelis
Shia
Palestinians
Sunni
Directions: Write two or three sentences about major conflicts in Southwest Asia.
Continued on next page.
42 The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
© 2017 Clairmont Press, Inc. DO NOT DUPLICATE 1-800-874-8638
Directions: For each question, write the letter of the BEST response on the line beside each question.
_______ 1. What empire fell as a result of World War I?
a. British Empire
b. Ottoman Empire
c. Persian Empire
d. Safavid Empire
_______ 2. Which group of people, who seek their own nation, have suffered oppression?
a. Arabs
b. Israelis
c. Kurds
d. Turks
_______ 3. What is another word for displaced people forced to live in another area?
a. communism
b. ethnicities
c. nationalism
d. refugees
_______ 4. What is the origin of the Sunni and Shia division within Islam?
a. who should control Mecca
b. who should control Medina
c. where the hajj should take place
d. who should be the leader of Islam
_______ 5. What country is primarily populated by Shia Muslims?
a. Iran
b. Egypt
c. Saudi Arabia
d. United Arab Emirates
_______ 6. Which country controls Mecca, Medina, and the site of the hajj?
a. Iran
b. Iraq
c. Saudi Arabia
d. United Arab Emirates
_______ 7. What nation is consistently under threat from neighboring Islamic nations?
a. Iran
b. Israel
c. Jordan
d. Turkey
The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East) 43
© 2017 Clairmont Press, Inc. DO NOT DUPLICATE 1-800-874-8638
Name: Date: Class:
Chapter 4: The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
Quick Review
Directions: For each question, write the letter of the BEST response on the line beside each question.
_______ 1. Which river in Southwest Asia ends at the Dead Sea?
a. Euphrates
b. Jordan
c. Nile
d. Tigris
_______ 2. What is the major export of Southwest Asia?
a. cobalt
b. nickel
c. oil
d. timber
_______ 3. What does the acronym OPEC stand for?
a. Organization of Peaceful Extra Countries
b. Operation of Petroleum Extraneous Cobalt
c. Operation for Practical Export Constraints
d. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
_______ 4. What are the three major religions of Southwest Asia?
a. Islam, Judaism, and Shinto
b. Christianity, Islam, and Judaism
c. Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam
d. Christianity, Hinduism, and Judaism
_______ 5. What are the major tenents of Judaism given to the Hebrews by Moses?
a. Sharia Law
b. Ten Commandments
c. Ten Pillars
d. Ten Laws
_______ 6. Which is one common trait of the three major religions of Southwest Asia?
a. Each worships in a temple.
b. Abraham is an important figure for all.
c. They all consider Mecca a holy place.
d. They all believe in the Ten Commandments.
Continued on next page.
44 The Geography and History of Southwest Asia (Middle East)
© 2017 Clairmont Press, Inc. DO NOT DUPLICATE 1-800-874-8638
_______ 7. Which is the release from enslavement from the Egyptians and the ensuing migration?
a. Exodus of Arabs
b. Exodus of Hebrews
c. Exodus of Muslims
d. Exodus of Palestinians
_______ 8. Which ethnic group/religious group pairing is most likely to be correct?
a. Kurds/Jewish
b. Arabs/Muslim
c. Hebrews/Christian
d. Palestinians/Hindu
_______ 9. What is the goal of many OPEC nations because of falling worldwide oil prices?
a. adaptation
b. diversification
c. privatization
d. none of the above
______ 10. Which means “groups of people who are forced to live outside of their native lands against
their will”?
a. emigrants
b. immigrants
c. refugees
d. none of the above
______ 11. Which term refers to transporting water to farming lands across dry areas?
a. aeration
b. condensation
c. irrigation
d. fertilization
______ 12. What is the city in Israel that is home to major religious sites of multiple religions?
a. Bethlehem
b. Gaza
c. Jerusalem
d. none of the above
______ 13. What is the most important city in Islam?
a. Bethlehem
b. Medina
c. Mecca
d. Riyadh
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