Name: _____________________________ Class: ____________________ Date:_____________
GUIDED READING
Georgia Studies for Georgia Students
Chapter 3: Georgia's Legislative Branch
Section 1
Membership of the General Assembly
Directions:
Use the information from pages 72 - 75 to complete the
following.
1. The General Assembly is the ___________________________ body for the state of
Georgia.
2. It was formed in 1777 and thus is older than the United States ___________________.
3. Georgia has a ____________________ (two-house) body, consisting of a House of
___________________________ and a ___________________.
4. The House of Representatives has ____________ members; the Senate has
_________ members.
5. At the time of election, a _____________________ must be at least twenty-five years
old to serve in Georgia's _________________. The minimum age for serving in the
_______________ is twenty-one.
6. Each legislator must be a US __________________ and a citizen of _____________
for at least ___________ years. Each must also have been a legal resident in the
district he or she __________________ for at least one year.
7. House members and senators serve __________-year terms of office.
8. Each seat of the Georgia House represents about the same _________________ of
constituents.
9. A ______________________ is a person in a legislator's district.
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10. Seats in the General Assembly represent _________________, not land characteristics
such as mountain ranges, coastal regions, or rivers.
11. Deciding how many constituents are represented in each district is handled through a
mathematical step called __________________________ [based on Georgia's
population].
12. The state's population is determined by the ________________ (the official count of the
population) of the United States which is conducted every _________ years (2010,
2020, and so on).
13. Therefore, every ten years the Georgia legislature _________________, that is, it
redraws the __________________ of the voting districts to account for population
changes.
14. A session of the General Assembly is limited to __________ days. It begins on the
second Monday in ___________________ and ends sometime around the end of
_______________.
Name: ________________________________ Class: ___________________ Date: ____________
GUIDED READING
Georgia Studies for Georgia Students
Chapter 3: Georgia's Legislative Branch
Section 2
The Organization of the General Assembly
Directions:
Use the information from pages 76 - 78 to complete the
following.
1. For members of Georgia's Senate and House of Representatives to do their
____________ properly, there must be some form of ___________________.
2. The presiding officer for the House of Representatives is the _________________ of
the _________________, who is ________________ by the members of that chamber.
3. The leader of the senate is the ___________________ governor. The Georgia
Constitution gives the lieutenant governor the title of ____________________ of the
________________.
4. The chief __________________________ of these two officers is to ______________
over the meetings of their respective chambers.
5. For example, presiding officers have the power to make members attend sessions in
order to have a _________________ (the number of members - a _______________ -
who must be present in order to conduct business).
6. Each chamber also elects one of its own members to serve in the _______________ of
the presiding officer.
7. The __________________ elects a __________________ ________ ______________
(which means "for the time being").
8. The House elects a _________________ pro tempore.
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9. In both houses of the legislature, members of the ______________________ Party and
the _____________________ Party establish their own internal party organizations.
10. A group of political party members (House Democrats, for example) is called a
_______________________.
11. A caucus meets regularly to keep its members __________________ and in agreement
on important upcoming votes.
12. Each caucus selects a party _________________, a caucus chair, and a party
_____________.
13. The job of the party whip is to stay in contact with party members and line up their
________________ on issues before the chambers.
14. In a typical session of the General Assembly as many as 1,200 ______________
(proposed laws) are introduced in the House and Senate. Only about ________-
_____________ of these are actually _________________ and signed into
____________.
15. The _____________________ system divides the work load [reading and studying
these bills] and saves time.
16. Because the real work of the General Assembly gets done in the __________________
committees, committee chairpersons are especially ___________________. They
decide when committees will _______________, when bills will be "_____________
______" (considered), and _____________ (or if) a vote will be taken.
17. Some committees are called __________________ committees because they are
permanent. They "stand" from one session to the ____________.
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18. Other committees are considered to be _____________________, or ad hoc (created
for a ____________________ purpose).
19. A __________________ committee is made up of members of ____________ the
House and the Senate.
20. A ________________________ committee is appointed when the House and the
Senate pass ___________________ versions of a bill. _______________ senators
and three _______________________ meet and work out the difference between the
two versions.
Name:_______________________________ Class: ______________________ Date:____________
GUIDED READING
Georgia Studies for Georgia Students
Chapter 3: Georgia's Legislative Branch
Section 3
The Lawmaking Process
Directions:
Use the information from pages 80 - 87 to complete the
following.
1. The ____________________ General Assembly can pass laws on any issue not
_______________________ by the US Constitution.
2. It can _________________ (change or make an addition to) state laws or do away with
them.
3. The Georgia Constitution states that the subject content of a bill must be
___________________- purpose. That is, the bill must deal with only ______________
subject.
4. Bills to raise ________________ or _________________ money must be first
introduced in the House of ____________________________ before going to the
Senate.
5. In addition to acting upon bills, the General Assembly also passes ________________.
Resolutions are not to be binding ____________ statements. Instead, they express
legislative _____________________.
6. For example, the General Assembly may pass a resolution to ______________ a
Georgian who has accomplished something or to thank a civic volunteer for outstanding
_____________________ service.
7. There are some issues that _____________________ be addressed by the General
Assembly.
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8. The US Constitution forbids states from entering into _________________ (formal
agreements between two or more nations).
9. Only the ________________ government may negotiate treaties.
10. The General Assembly may not pass laws that ______________ business competition
or create monopolies.
11. A ____________________ is the exclusive ownership or control of a product or an
industry by one company or group.
12. Each bill introduced in the General Assembly is assigned a __________________. If
the bill originates in the House of Representatives its number begins with "________".
If it begins in the Senate, it will have the prefix "_________."
13. The ______________ spells out the subject of the bill and briefly summarizes its
____________________.
14. The _______________ of the House of Representatives assigns a number to each bill
when it arrives. (Example HB160.)
15. When HB 160 is introduced in the House, it has its first "__________________."
16. After the clerk reads aloud the title of the bill, the ________________ of the House
assigns the bill to a ____________________ (usually a standing committee).
17. Once the committee receives HB 160, the _________________ decides when – or
__________________ - to consider it. The chair may assign the bill to a
________________________ if appropriate.
18. Often, the committee schedules public __________________ on the bill, either before
the subcommittee or the full committee.
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19. After the committee members _______________ the bill and hear from all interested
parties, the chairperson calls for a ______________ on the bill.
20. It [the committee] can recommend that the House "do pass' the bill in its original
________________, “do pass" with _________________, “do pass" with a
____________________ bill written by committee, ______________the bill out of
committee, "do not ___________" the bill, or ______________ the bill and take no
action.
21. If the committee votes "do not pass," the bill is considered ________________, at least
for that session.
22. If the committee report is __________________ (first three options), HB 160 is returned
to the House and is placed on the general calendar.
23. A ___________________ is a daily listing of the bills that are ready to be considered by
the full House.
24. Members of the House take turns speaking, trying to convince the other representatives
to ________________ or _______________ HB 160. Members may offer
___________________ [changes] to the bill.
25. A ____________ ___________ vote records in sequence how each legislator voted.
26. In order to pass, a bill must receive the approval of a _____________________ of the
membership of the chamber. (In the House of Representatives this number would be
______.)
27. Let's assume that HB 160 _________________ in the House of Representatives, with
few amendments. It is closer to becoming a ___________, but it must pass
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__________ houses of the General Assembly in __________________ the same
form.
28. HB 160 is __________________ (certified) by the House and sent to the
___________________, where a similar process takes place.
29. The _____________________ of the Senate receives the bill, and it goes through its
first _________________. The president of the Senate (the _________________
____________________) assigns it to a Senate committee.
30. Let's assume that HB 160 makes it to the Senate floor for _______________, and that a
majority of the senators ______________ to pass it. During the debate, the senators
made a number of _________________ to HB 160, making it a ________________ bill
from the one the House passed.
31. The House must have the chance to _________________ the changes made by the
Senate.
32. If the House approves the changes and agrees to the new version of the bill, HB 160 is
sent to the _________________.
33. If the governor approves HB 160 and _______________ it, the bill becomes a
_________. It receives a new number, such as ___________ 160, and becomes part
of the Official Code of Georgia Annotated.
34. If the governor does ___________ agree with the bill, the governor can ___________
(reject) it. The bill is dead unless the General Assembly votes to __________________
the governor's veto,
35. Each year the General Assembly ______________________ (sets aside for a specific
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purpose) the money needed to operate all departments and agencies of state
government.
36. The State of Georgia is ________________ to maintain a balanced budget.
37. A ____________________ is a plan for receiving and spending money.
38. This means that the state cannot spend more than it takes in through
____________________ (income from taxes and fees) in a fiscal year.
39. The _________________ year (the budgetary spending year) for Georgia begins July 1
and ends June 30.
40. The governor submits a budget message and financial report to the ______________
____________________ after it convenes in January.
41. The governor also submits a draft of a general appropriations bill for the
___________________ to consider.
42. Once it is passed, the general appropriations bill goes to the governor, who can sign the
_________________ bill or use the _____________ _____________ veto.
43. The line item veto allows the __________________ to veto specific spending proposals
that he or she considers to be wasteful without vetoing the entire appropriations bill.
Use pages 86-87 to answer the following questions.
44. The government needs revenue to _______________ everything from public school
classrooms to highway construction and maintenance.
45. Most of Georgia's revenue comes from ______________. Taxes are levied on
________________, property, and most ___________________ items.
46. The __________________ income tax is based on Georgians' income from
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_________________ and investments. _____________________ operating in Georgia
pay a corporate income tax on their ________________.
47. Georgians also pay a general ____________ tax on items bought at retail stores.
48. A type of sales tax called an ________________ tax is placed on the manufacture or
use of certain specialized items such as alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, and
motor fuel.
49. Georgia also receives a smaller part of its revenue from ________________ sources:
user fees and regulatory fees.
50. The most visible nontax revenue source in Georgia is the state _______________.
51. Federal _______________ provide another source of revenue. Some grants are
"_____________________" for specific purposes or to address specialized needs.
52. The success or failure of the state to generate adequate __________________ in a
healthy economy directly affects the quality of ____________________ offered to the
people of Georgia.
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