Revised 1/22/2018
1
UNIFORM SALES & USE TAX EXEMPTION/RESALE CERTIFICATE — MULTIJURISDICTION
The below-listed states have indicated that this certificate is acceptable as a resale/exemption certificate for sales and use tax, subject to the notes o
n
pages 24. The issuer and the recipient have the responsibility to determine the proper use of this certificate under applicable laws in each state, as
these may change from time to time.
Issued
to
Seller:
Address:
I certify that:
Name
of
Firm
(Buyer):
is engaged as a registered
Wholesaler
Retailer
Manufacturer
Seller (California)
Lessor (see notes on pages 24
)
Other (Specify) _________________
Address:
and is registered with the below-listed states and cities within which your firm would deliver purchases to us and that any such purchases are for
wholesal
e, resale, or ingredients or components of a new product or service
to be resold, leased, or rented in the normal course of business. We are
in the business of wholesaling, retailing, manufacturing, leasing (renting) selling (California) the following:
Description of Business:
I further certify that if any property or service so purchased tax free is used or consumed as to make it subject to a Sales or Use Tax we will pay the
tax due directly to the proper taxing authority when state law so provides or inform the Seller for added tax billing. This certificate shall be a part o
f
each order that we may hereafter give to you, unless otherwise specified, and shall be valid until canceled by us in writing or revoked by the e city o
r
state.
Under penalties of perjury, I swear or affirm that the information on this form is true and correct as to every material matter.
Authorized Signature:
(Owner, Partner, or Corporate Officer, or other authorized signer)
Title:
Date:
State
State Registration, Seller’s Permit, or ID
Number of Purchaser
State
State Registration, Seller’s Permit, or ID
Number of Purchaser
AL
1
MO
16
AR
NE
17
AZ
2
NV
CA
3
NJ
CO
4
NM
4,18
CT
5
NC
19
DC
6
ND
FL
7
OH
20
GA
8
OK
21
HI
4,9
PA
22
ID
RI
23
IL
4,10
SC
IA
SD
24
KS
TN
KY
11
TX
25
ME
12
UT
MD
13
VT
MI
14
WA
26
MN
15
WI
27
click to sign
signature
click to edit
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REVISED 1/22/2018
INSTRUCTIONS REGARDING
UNIFORM SALES & USE TAX EXEMPTION CERTIFICATE
To Seller’s Customers:
In order to comply with most state and local sales tax law requirements, the Seller must have in its files a properly executed exemption
certificate from all of its customers (Buyers) who claim a sales/use tax exemption. If the Seller does not have this certificate, it is
obliged to collect the tax for the state in which the property or service is delivered.
If the Buyer is entitled to a sales tax exemption, the Buyer should complete the certificate and send it to the Seller at its earliest
convenience. If the Buyer purchases tax free for a reason for which this form does not provide, the Buyer should send the Seller its
special certificate or statement.
Caution to Seller:
In order for the certificate to be accepted in good faith by the Seller, Seller must exercise care that the property or service being sold is
of a type normally sold wholesale, resold, leased, rented, or incorporated as an ingredient or component of a product manufactured by
Buyer and then resold in the usual course of its business. A Seller failing to exercise care could be held liable for the sales tax due in
some states or cities. Misuse of this certificate by Seller, lessee, or the
representative
thereof may be punishable by fine,
imprisonment
or loss of right to issue a certificate in some states or cities.
Notes:
1. Alabama: Each retailer shall be responsible for determining the validity of a purchaser’s claim for exemption.
2. Arizona: This certificate may be used only when making purchases of tangible personal property for resale in the ordinary
course of business, and not for any other statutory deduction or exemption. It is valid as a resale certificate only if it contains
the purchaser’s name, address, signature, and Arizona transaction privilege tax (or other state sales tax) license number, as
required by Arizona Revised Statutes § 42-5022, Burden of proving sales not at retail.
3. California: a) This certificate is not valid as an exemption certificate. Its use is limited to use as a resale certificate subject
to the provisions of Title 18, California Code of Regulations, Section 1668 (Sales and Use Tax Regulation
1668, Resale
Certificate).
b)
By use of this certificate, the purchaser certifies that the property is purchased for resale in the regular
course
of
business in the form of tangible personal property, which includes property incorporated as an
ingredient
or
component of an item manufactured for resale in the regular course of business.
c) When the applicable t
ax would be sales tax, it is the Seller who owes that tax unless the Seller takes a timely
and valid resale certificate in good faith.
d)
A valid resale certificate is effective until the issuer revokes the certificate.
4. Colorado, Hawaii, Illinois, and New Mexico: these states do not permit the use of this certificate to claim a resale exemption for
the purchase of a taxable service for resale.
5. Connecticut: This certificate is not valid as an exemption certificate. Its use is limited to use as a resale certificate subject to
Conn. Gen. State §§12-410(5) and 12-411(14) and regulations and
administrative pronouncements
pertaining to resale
certificates.
6. As of
November 1, 2017 the District of Columbia has not accepted the Multistate Tax Commission’s Uniform Sales and
Use Tax Exemption/Resale Certificate Multijurisdictional for tax-exempt purchases for resale.
7. Florida: Allows the Multistate Tax Commission’s Uniform Sales and Use Tax Exemption/Resale Certificate
Multijurisdictional for tax-exempt purchases for resale; however, the selling dealer must also obtain a resale authorization
number from the Florida Department of Revenue at floridarevenue.com/taxes/certificates, or by calling 877-357-3725, and
entering the purchaser’s Florida Annual Resale Certificate number.
8. Georgia: The purchaser’s
state-of-registration
number will be accepted in lieu of Georgia’s registration number when the
purchaser is located outside Georgia, does not have nexus with Georgia, and the tangible personal property is delivered by drop
shipment to the purchaser’s customer located in Georgia.
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REVISED 1/22/2018
9.
Hawaii: all
ows this certificate to be used by the seller to claim a lower general excise tax rate or no general excise tax, rather
than the buyer claiming an exemption. The no tax situation occurs when the purchaser of imported goods certifies to the seller,
who
originally
imported the goods into Hawaii, that the purchaser will resell the imported goods at wholesale. If the lower rate
or no-tax does not in fact apply to the sale, the purchaser is liable to pay the seller the additional tax imposed. See Hawaii
Dept.
of Taxation Tax Information Release No. 93-5, November 10, 1993, and Tax Information Release No. 98-8, October 30, 1998.
10. Illinois: Use of this certificate in Illinois is subject to the provisions of 86 Ill. Adm. Code Ch.I, Sec. 130.1405. Illinois does not
have an exemption for sales of property for subsequent lease or rental, nor does the use of this certificate for claiming resale
purchases of services have any application in Illinois.
The registration number to be supplied next to Illinois on page 1 of this certificate must be the Illinois registration or
re
sale
number; no other state’s registration number is acceptable.
“Good faith” is not the standard of care to be exercised by a retailer in Illinois. A retailer in Illinois is not required to determine
whether the purchaser actually intends to resell the item. Instead, a retailer must confirm that the purchaser has a valid
registration or resale number at the time of purchase. If a purchaser fails to provide a certificate of resale at the time of sale in
Illinois, the seller must charge the purchaser tax.
While there is no statutory requirement that blanket certificates of resale be renewed at certain intervals, blanket certificates
should be updated periodically, and no less
frequently
than every three years.
11. Kentucky: a) Kentucky does not permit the use of this certificate to claim resale exclusion for the purchase of a taxable
service.
b) This certificate is not valid as an exemption certificate. Its use is limited to use as a resale certificate subject to
the provisions of Kentucky Revised Statute 139.270 (Good Faith).
c) The use of this certificate by the purchaser constitutes the issuance of a blanket certificate in accordance with
Kentucky
Administrative
Regulation 103 KAR 31:111.
12. Maine: This state does not have an exemption for sales of property for subsequent lease or rental.
13. Maryland: This certificate is not valid as an exemption certificate. However, vendors may accept resale certificates that bear the
exemption number issued to a religious organization. Exemption
certifications
issued to religious
organizations
consist of 8
digits, the first two of which are always “29”. Maryland registration, exemption, and direct pay numbers may be verified on the
website of the Comptroller of the
Treasury
at www.marylandtaxes.com.
14. Michigan: This certificate is effective for a period of four years unless a lesser period is mutually agreed to and stated on this
certificate. It covers all exempt transfers when accepted by the seller in “good faith” as defined by Michigan statute.
15. Minnesota: a) Minnesota does not allow a resale certificate for purchases of taxable services for resale in most situations.
b) Minnesota allows an exemption for items used only once during production and not used again.
16. Missouri: a) Purchasers who improperly purchase property or services sales-tax free using this certificate may be required to
pay the tax, interest, additions to tax, or penalty.
b) Even if property is delivered outside Missouri, facts and circumstances may subject it to Missouri tax, contrary
to the second sentence of the first paragraph of the above instructions.
17. Nebraska: A blanket certificate is valid for 3 years from the date of issuance.
18. New Mexico: For transactions occurring on or after July 1, 1998, New Mexico will accept this certificate in lieu of a New
Mexico nontax
able transaction certificate and as evidence of the
deductibility
of a sale of tangible personal property provided:
a) this certificate was not issued by the State of New Mexico;
b) the buyer is not required to be registered in New Mexico; and
c) the buyer is purchasing tangible personal property for resale or incorporation as an ingredient or component of
a manufactured product.
19. North Carolina: This certificate is not valid as an exemption certificate if signed by a person such as a contractor who intends to
use the property. Its use is subject to G.S. 105-164.28 and any
administrative
rules or directives pertaining to
resale certificates.
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REVISED 1/22/2018
20.
Ohio:
a) The buyer must specify which one of the reasons for exemption on the certificate applies. This may be done by
circling or underlining the appropriate reason or writing it on the form above the state registration section.
Failure to specify the exemption reason will, on audit, result in disallowance of the certificate.
b) In order to be valid, the buyer must sign and deliver the certificate to the seller before or during the period for
filing the return.
21 Oklahoma: Oklahoma would allow this certificate in lieu of a copy of the purchaser’s sales tax permit as one of the elements of
properly
completed documents” which is one of the three requirements which must be met prior to the vendor being
relieved of
liability. The other two
requirements
are that the vendor must have the certificate in his possession at the time the sale
is made
and must accept the
documentation
in good faith. The specific
documentation
required under OAC
710
-:65-7-6 is:
a) Sales tax permit information may consist of:
(i) A copy of the purchaser’s sales tax permit; or
(ii) In lieu of a copy of the permit, obtain the
following:
* Sales tax permit number; and
* The name and address of the purchaser;
b) A statement that the purchaser is engaged in the business of reselling the articles purchased;
c) A statement that the articles purchased is purchased for resale;
d) The signature of the purchaser or a person authorized to legally bind the purchaser; and
e)
Certification
on the face of the invoice, bill, or sales slip, or on separate letter, that said purchaser is engaged in reselling
the articles purchased.
Absent strict compliance with these requirements, Oklahoma holds a seller liable for sales tax due on sales where the claimed
exemption is found to be invalid, for whatever reason, unless the Tax
Commission
determines that purchaser should be pursued
for collection of the tax resulting from improper presentation of a certificate.
22. Pennsylvania: This certificate is not valid as an exemption certificate. It is valid as a resale certificate only if it contains the
purchaser’s Pennsylvania Sales and Use Tax eight-digit license number, subject to the provisions of 61 PA
Code §32.3.
23. Rhode Island: Rhode Island allows this certificate to be used to claim a resale exemption only when the item will be resold in
the same form. It does not permit this certificate to be used to claim any other type of exemption.
24. South Dakota: Services which are purchased by a service provider and delivered to a current customer in conjunction with the
services contracted to be provided to the customer are claimed to be for resale. Receipts from the sale of a service for
resale
le
by the purchaser are not subject to sales tax if the purchaser furnishes a resale certificate which the seller accepts in good faith.
In order for the transaction to be a sale for resale, the following conditions must be present:
(a) The service is purchased for or on behalf of a current customer;
(b) The purchaser of the service does not use the service in any manner; and
(c) The service is delivered or resold to the customer without any alteration or change.
25.. Texas: Items purchased for resale must be for resale within the geographical limits of the United States, its territories, and
possessions.
26. Washington: a) Blanket resale certificates must be renewed at intervals not to exceed four years;
b) This certific
ate may be used to document exempt sales of “chemicals to be used in processing
an
n article to be
produced for
sale.
c) Buyer
acknowledges
that the misuse of the tax due, in addition to the tax, interest, and any other penalties
imposed by law.
27. Wisconsin: Wisconsin allows this certificate to be used to claim a resale exemption only. It does not permit this certificate to be
used to claim any other type of exemption.
5
REVISED 1/22/2018
Frequently Asked Questions
Uniform Sales and Use Tax Certificate M
u
lt
i
j
u
r
is
d
i
ct
iona
l
To whom do I give this certificate?
Can I register for multiple states simultaneously?
I have received this certificate from my customer. What do I do with it?
Am I the Buyer or the Seller?
What is the purpose of this certificate?
How do I fill out the certificate?
What information goes on the line next to each state abbreviation?
What if I don’t have an ID number for any (or some) state(s)?
Who should use this certificate?
Can I use this certificate?
Which states accept the certificate?
I am based in, buying from, or selling into Maine. Can I use this certificate?
I am a drop shipper. Can I use this certificate?
Do I have to fill this certificate out for every purchase?
Can this certificate be used as a blanket certificate?
Who determines whether this certificate will be accepted?
I have been asked to accept this certificate. How do I know whether I should accept it?
Is there a more recent version of this certificate?
To whom should I talk to for more information?
To whom do I give this certificate?
If you are purchasing goods for resale, you will give this certificate to your vendor, so that your vendor will
not charge you sales tax.
If you are selling goods for resale, and you have received this certificate from your buyer, you will keep the
certificate on file.
Can I register for multiple states simultaneously?
Click on the link for more information: www.sstregister.org
I have received this certificate from my customer. What do I do with it?
Once you have examined the certificate and you have accepted it in good faith, you will keep it on file as
prescribed by applicable state laws. The relevant state will generally be the state where you are located, or
the state where the sales transaction took place.
Am I the Buyer or the Seller?
If you are purchasing goods for resale, you are the Buyer. If you are selling goods to a buyer who is
purchasing them for resale, you are the Seller.
What is the purpose of this certificate?
This certificate is to be used as supporting documentation that the Seller should not collect sales tax because
the good or service sold, or the Buyer, is exempt from the tax.
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REVISED 1/22/2018
How do I fill out the certificate?
The individual filling out the certificate is referred to as the Buyer. The first two lines, “Issued to Seller” and
“Address”, should be filled in with the name and address of the Seller. The rest of the information refers to
the Buyer (name and address of Buyer, business engaged in, description of business, property or services to be
purchased). The line next to each state abbreviation should be filled out with the relevant state ID number.
What information goes on the line next to each state abbreviation?
The line next t
o each state abbreviation should be filled in with the relevant state ID number. This will be an
identification number issued by the state (see next FAQ for an exception). For example, on the line next to
AL, provide the ID number issued by Alabama.) The relevant ID number may be given various names in the
various states. Some of the terms for this ID number are State Registration, Seller’s Permit, or ID Number.
Regardless of the name, this will be a number that has been issued by t
he state to the Buyer (
see next FAQ for
an exception). This number is generally associated with the reseller’s authority to collect and remit sales tax.
What if I don’t have an ID number for any (or some) state(s)?
The states vary in their rules regarding requirements for a reseller exemption. Some states require that the
reseller (Buyer) be registered to collect sales tax in the state where the reseller makes its purchase. Other
states will accept the certificate if an ID number is provided for some other state (e.g., the home state of the
Buyer). You should check with the relevant state to determine whether you meet the requirements of that
state.
Who should use this certificate?
A Buyer who is a reseller of tangible property or taxable services from a Seller located in one of the states
listed may be able to use this certificate for sales tax exemption. States vary in their policies for use of this
certificate. Questions regarding your specific eligibility to use this certificate should be addressed to the
revenue department of the relevant state.
Can I use this certificate?
The states vary in their rules for use of this certificate. You should check with the relevant state to determine
whether you can use this certificate. The relevant state may be the state where the Seller is located, where the
transaction takes place, or where the Buyer is located. The footnotes to the certificate provide some guidance;
however, the Multistate Tax Commission cannot guarantee that any state will accept this certificate. States
may change their policies without informing the Multistate Tax Commission.
Which states accept the certificate?
States listed on the certificate accepted this certificate as of July, 2000. States may change their policies for
acceptance of the certificate without notifying the Multistate Tax Commission. You may check with the
relevant state to determine the current status of the state’s acceptance policy. See next FAQ.
I am based in, buying from, or selling into Maine. Can I use this certificate?
Please contact Maine Revenue Services. See:
www.maine.gov/revenue/salesuse/GIB94.pdf
(External pdf)
I am a drop shipper. Can I use this certificate?
If you are the Buyer and your Seller ships directly to your customers, you may be able to use this certificate
because you are a reseller. However, your Seller may be unwilling to accept this certificate if you are not
registered to collect sales tax in the state(s) where your customers are located.
If you are the Seller, and you have nexus with the state(s) into which you are shipping to your Buyer’s
customers, you may be required by that state(s) to remit sales tax on those sales if your Buyer is not
registered to collect sales tax.
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REVISED 1/22/2018
Do I have to fill this certificate out for every purchase?
In many cases, this certificate can be used as a blanket certificate, so that you will only need to fill it out once
for each of your Sellers. Some states require periodic replacement with a fresh certificate (see notes on
certificate). To make filling out the certificate easier, you should fill out your information and all information
that does not change, then make photocopies, and then fill out the information that is specific to the
transaction.
Can this certificate be used as a blanket certificate?
In many states this certificate can be used as a blanket certificate. You should verify this with the applicable
state. A blanket certificate is one that can be kept on file for multiple transactions between a specific Buyer
and specific Seller.
Who determines whether this certificate will be accepted?
The Seller wi
ll determine whether it will accept the certificate from the Buyer generally according to a good
faith standard. The applicable state will determine whether a certificate is acceptable for the purpose of
demonstrating that sales tax was properly exempted. The applicable state will generally be the state where
the Seller is located or the state where the sales transaction took place, or where the Buyer is located. The
Multistate Tax Commission does not determine whether this certificate will be accepted either by the Seller
or the a
pplicable state.
I have been asked to accept this certificate. How do I know whether I should accept it?
You should contact your state revenue department if you are not familiar with the policies regarding
acceptance of resale exemption certificates.
In order for the certificate to be accepted in good faith by the Seller, Seller must exercise care that the
property or service being sold is of a type normally sold wholesale, resold, leased, rented or incorporated as
an ingredient or component of a product manufactured by Buyer and then resold in the usual course of its
business. A Seller failing to exercise care could be held liable for the sales tax due in some states.
Is there a more recent version of this certificate?
No. The most recent version is posted on our website. You may have seen a version that has been modified
in an unauthorized manner. You should not use any version other than the one available on our website.
Whom should I talk to for more information?
For information regarding whether the certificate will be accepted in the applicable state, you should talk to
the revenue department of that state. The Multistate Tax Commission’s Member States
webpage has links to
revenue department websites. For other questions that have not been addressed by these FAQs, you may
contact
Elliott Dubin at the Multistate Tax Commission, 202-650-0300
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