✦ = 3–6 points
✶ = 7–9 points
1. ✦ Warmly greet and identify the
patient. Introduce yourself if you
haven’t already done so.
a. If the patient is a child, direct
the education toward the
caregiver but do not exclude
the patient during instruction.
2. ✦ Conﬁrm that the patient is
experiencing GI upset, such as
diarrhea or vomiting.
3. ✶ Explain that the physician has
recommended that the patient
follow a BRAT diet. During the
explanation, review that the foods
in this diet include bananas, rice,
applesauce, and toast. Explain
that the toast should be eaten
plain or with a very small amount
of butter or margarine. Jellies,
honey, jam, and peanut butter are
not allowed on the BRAT diet.
4. ✶ Review allowed beverages with
the patient. The physician may
likely encourage the patient to
increase ﬂuid consumption to
prevent dehydration. Often, ﬂuids
allowed on the BRAT diet include
water, low-sugar sports drinks,
and sometimes ginger ale to aid in
settling the stomach.
5. ✦ Provide the patient or caregiver
with a printed handout that
includes information about the
BRAT diet and allowed beverages.
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