1. ✦ Perform hand hygiene.
2. ✦ Check the physician’s orders.
3. ✶ Identify the patient, introduce
yourself, and explain the
4. ✶ Check the name of the
medication, expiration date, and
concentration three times.
5. ✶ Ask if the patient has any
known allergies to the
6. ✦ Give the patient a tissue to blot
7. ✦ Put on gloves.
8. ✦ Position the patient with head
tilted back and looking up.
9. ✶ Pull down the lower eyelid,
exposing the conjunctiva
10. ✶ Place the dropper about ½
inch above the eyeball with the
dominant hand. Insert the proper
number of drops to the center of
the conjunctiva, or if ointment is
used, apply as a thin strip from
inner to outer canthus.
11. ✶ Do not touch the dropper or
ointment tube to the eye.
12. ✦ Ask the patient to gently close
the eye and rotate the eyeball.
13. ✶ Using sterile gauze, dry the
excess medication from the inner
canthus to the outer canthus.
14. ✦ Explain to the patient that
vision may be blurry.
✦ = 3–6 points
✶ = 7–9 points
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