Politics of the Roaring Twenties 421
•Warren G. Harding
•Charles Evans Hughes
•Teapot Dome scandal
•Albert B. Fall
1. TERMS & NAMES For each term or name, write a sentence explaining its significance.
2. TAKING NOTES
List five significant events from this
section and their effects, using a
table like the one shown.
Which event benefited the country
the most? Why?
3. MAKING INFERENCES
How do you think the Harding
administration viewed the role of
America in world affairs? Support
your response with examples from
How successful was Harding in
fulfilling his campaign pledge of
returning the country to “normalcy”?
Support your opinion with specific
5. ANALYZING EFFECTS
How do you think the post war
feelings in America influenced the
election of 1920? Think About:
• the desire for normalcy
• Harding’s image
• the issues Americans wanted to
Harding’s administration began to unravel
as his corrupt friends used their offices to
become wealthy through graft. Charles R.
Forbes, the head of the Veterans Bureau, was
caught illegally selling government and hospi-
tal supplies to private companies. Colonel
Thomas W. Miller, the head of the Office of
Alien Property, was caught taking a bribe.
THE TEAPOT DOME SCANDAL
spectacular example of corruption was the
Teapot Dome scandal. The government had
set aside oil-rich public lands at Teapot Dome,
Wyoming, and Elk Hills, California, for use by
the U.S. Navy. Secretary of the Interior Albert
B. Fall, a close friend of various oil executives,
managed to get the oil reserves transferred from
the navy to the Interior Department. Then, Fall
secretly leased the land to two private oil com-
panies, including Henry Sinclair’s Mammoth
Oil Company at Teapot Dome. Although Fall
claimed that these contracts were in the government’s interest, he sudden-
ly received more than $400,000 in “loans, bonds, and cash.” He was later
found guilty of bribery and became the first American to be convicted of a
felony while holding a cabinet post.
In the summer of 1923, Harding declared, “I have no trouble with my
enemies. . . . But my friends, they’re the ones that keep me walking the
floor nights!” Shortly thereafter, on August 2, 1923, he died suddenly, prob-
ably from a heart attack or stroke.
Americans sincerely mourned their good-natured president. The crimes
of the Harding administration were coming to light just as Vice-President Calvin
Coolidge assumed the presidency. Coolidge, a respected man of integrity, helped
to restore people’s faith in their government and in the Republican Party. The
next year, Coolidge was elected president.
The elephant, shaped
like a teapot here, is the
symbol of the Republican
Party (Grand Old Party).
The cartoonist implies
that Republicans were
responsible for the Teapot
C. Answer The
charged it; in
leased for pri-
How did the
scandals of the