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SECTION 1 Review
Vocabulary
Section integration
For each of the following descriptions, write the appropriate characteristic of living things in the
corresponding blank.
1
Usually refers to the absorption and utilization of oxygen and the generation and release
of carbon dioxide
2
Produces organisms characteristic of its species
3
Changes in the behavior, capabilities, or structure of an organism
4
Movement of fluid within the body; may involve a pump and a network of special vessels
5
Elimination of chemical waste products generated by the body
6
Chemical breakdown of complex structures for absorption and use by the body
7
Transports materials around the body of a large organism; changes orientation or
position of a plant or immobile animal; moves mobile animals around the environment
(locomotion)
8
Indicates that the organism recognizes changes in the internal or external environment
How might a large organisms survival be affected by an inadequate internal circulation network?
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Write each of the following terms
under the proper heading.
• Right atrium
• Myocardium
• Valve to aorta opens
• Left ventricle
• Valve between left atrium and left ventricle closes
• Pressure in left atrium
• Electrocardiogram
• Endocardium
• Superior vena cava
• Heartbeat
Anatomy
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Physiology
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Short answer
Briefly describe how the relationship of form and function of a house key and its front door lock are
both similar to and different from a chemical messenger and its receptor molecule.
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M01_MART8949_02_SE_CH01.indd 10 03/12/13 12:25 PM
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