Notes on completion
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First Tier Pro-forma
Project title
Participant DNOs
Project summary
Please provide a narrative which explains the Problem(s) which being addressed by the Project.
Registration Date
ECHO - Energy Control for Household Optimisation
Western Power Distribution (East Midlands)
WPD East Midland, WPD West Midlands, WPD South West, WPD South Wales
One of the key solutions envisaged within WS3 Transform Model is Domestic Demand Side
Response. In essence this is the ability to remotely control loads on the network through direct
control, price signals and planned load shifting. This technique could provide additional network
control at times of peak loading, allowing high loads to be actively managed and potentially
deferring system reinforcement. With the advent of low carbon technologies, such as electric
vehicles and heat pumps, this functionality could become increasingly important as heating and
transportation become more reliant on electricity.
While the WS3 Transform Model is being used extensively for investment planning purposes,
there is limited data on the effectiveness of domestic demand side response. The technology
solutions required are unproven and there is limited evidence as to what appliances are best
directly controlled. Consumer attitudes and acceptance is also unknown, including the level of
incentives required to drive behaviour change.
Project ECHO will look will utilise a number of off-the-shelf interactive plug-in devices that will
facilitate the scheduling of loads for individual domestic appliances at two hundred premises. A
range of incentives will be trialled with statistically representative groups and monitoring
undertaken to gauge take-up of demand response events.
With the advent of low carbon technologies, such as heat pumps and electric vehicles, there is the
potential for a marked increase in load on the electricity network, in particular at peak times.
Traditional network investment techniques could be employed to reinforce the network for this
peak such as adding larger cables and bigger substation. However more innovative solutions are
becoming available including Domestic Demand Side Response (DDSR)
The WS3 Transform Model deploys DDSR solutions in assessing future energy scenarios. Many of
the underlying assumptions for the solution have not been validated. There have to date been
very few practical trials associated with the DDSR technique and little data is available as to the
effectiveness of the technique, particularly within the UK market model.
Scope and Objectives
Please describe the scope and objectives of the Project should be clearly defined including the benefits which should directly
accrue to the Distribution System.
Success Criteria
Please give details of how the DNO will evaluate whether the Project has been successful.
This section should set out the Method or Methods that will be trialled in order to solve the Problem. The type of Method
should be identified where possible e.g. technical or commercial.
Problem(s) continued
There is also little data available as to what appliances this can be applied to and which devices
will deliver the best demand reduction when an event is instigated.
Consumer engagement will be key to the acceptance of DDSR, however it is currently unclear as
to what attitudes are to direct load control, and levels of incentives required to change behaviours
In the future, in is envisaged that smart meters will facilitate DDSR, although a full deployment is
not expected till 2020. Subsequently this trial will take place without utilising smart metering
infrastructure to allow learning to be attained quicker.
The Energy Saving Trust (EST) has been approached as a project partner to deliver the consumer
recruitment and engagement aspects. The project will look to utilise their data base of customers
who have registered an interesting in taking part in trials, as well as links to housing associations.
Two hundred customers will be recruited by EST to participate in the trial allowing several
statistically representative groups to be created, and a number of incentive scenarios trialled.
Greenlet have been selected by EST as the technology supplier due to their experience in this
area, and the applicability of the products. Each property will receive a number of plugin Greenlet
devices which sit between the plug socket and the appliance to be controlled. Each unit can be
installed by the customer, and will collect data on the appliances whilst allowing load control
signals to be actioned. The Greenlet plugs create a communications link with a gateway device
connected to a domestic broadband service. A head-end software system will be used to schedule
the load control events and send signals to the Greenlet plugs to control the loads. A web portal is
available to customers to monitor energy usage and help manage appliances remotely.
To incentivise customers to participate, a range of financiall incentives will be developed and
trialled. Data will be collected through the Greenlet devices and analysed allowing changes to be
made to the trial conditions and incentives. Tests will be repeated to see how results are altered.
The project will recruit 200 domestic premises to trial a number of DDSR scenarios and meet the
following objectives.
- To understand the scale and structure of payments required to ensure behavioural change.
- To quantify the potential changes in peak load through domestic demand response
- To identify the scope for long term enduring demand response services
- To evaluate which domestic devices offer the greatest potential load reduction / deferment.
- To ascertain customer appetite in relation to deferment of load
The benefits of the scheme will be a report updating the assumptions in the WS3 Transform Model
associated with domestic demand response.
- Recruitment and installation of devices at 200 properties
- Quantification of the amount of peak load reduction possible through such techniques.
- Update WS3 Transform Model parameters
- Deliver the project to time, cost and quality
- Deliver a technology solutions that works out of the box
- To achieve high levels of customer satisfaction
The DNO should highlight any material, known risks that could impact the Project’s costs and/or programmes.
Scale of project
Please justify the scale of the Project. In particular, the DNO should explain why there would be less potential for new learning
if the Project were a smaller scale.
Geographical area
Details of where the Trial(s) will take place. If the Project is a collaboration, the DNO area(a) in which the Trial(s) take place
should be identified.
Potential for new learning
Detail what the parties hope to learn and how the learning will be disseminated.
This should be between 5-8 to be eligible for Tier 1 Funds.
Predicted start and end dates.
DNOs should provide an estimate of the expected project starting and completion dates.
Start Date: End Date:
Project partners and external funders
Please give details of actual or potential Project Partners and External Funding Support as appropriate
The project will be delivered through the Energy Saving Trust (EST), providing recruitment and
call centre support services. Greenlet Technologies have been selected by EST as a technology
It is anticipated that new learning will be generation associated with consumer attitudes to DDSR.
It is also intended that this scheme will generate an improved knowledge of the scale of domestic
load control possible, feeding into future investment planning models. Additional learning will also
be generated to update parameters in the WS3 Transform Model.
There is a risk that customers will not want to participate in the trial. To minimise this, EST has
been selected to front the customer recruitment and support as an independent and trusted third
party. It may also be possible that the Greenlet devices may not be able to communicate with the
gateway device due to the fabric of the structure. Call centre support will be provided by EST to
help customers, and if issues cannot be resolved, the equipment will be returned and additional
customers selected. Finally, financial incentives offered are not sufficient to stimulate behavioural
change. The levels proposed in this scheme have been based on EST's experience in other
projects, and should allow us to ascertain their applicability to business as usual scenarios.
The project is planning to recruit 200 domestic customers across a range of social-economic
groups. These will be selected from a database of interested customers at EST, and through
housing associations. A number of statistically representative sub groups will be created to allow a
range of trial scenarios to be completed.
This project does not depend on a specific geography to achieve its core objectives. Conclusion
will be drawn across a range of properties, independent of location.
Please tick if the project conforms to the default IPR arrangements set out in
the LCN Fund Governance Document?
The DNO should indicate if the Project does not conform to the default IPR conditions. A justification for alternative arrangements and why the Project
should still be approved must be provided, in accordance with paragraph 2.18 of the Governance Document.
Please tick if you do not consent to the First tier pro-forma being published in
If you do not consent please identify any information in the completed First Tier LCN
Project Registration that you do not wish to be published.
The DNO must demonstrate that it (or its Project Partners) will face commercial harm from its disclosure and that
information is considered eligible for exemption under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 or the Environmental
Information Regulations 2004.
All information submitted within the First Tier LCN Project Registration Pro-forma will be made available on the Ofgem
website, unless Ofgem has agreed otherwise as part of the Registration process set out above.
Estimated Project funding
An indication of the revenue allowed for within the DPCR5
settlement that is likely to be saved as a result of the project.
An indication of the total Allowable First Tier Project
Expenditure that the DNO expects to reclaim the for the
whole project.
Revenue allowed for in
the DPCR5 Settlement (£)
Indicative total Allowable
First Tier Project
Expenditure (£)
Please tick if the project involves making payments to related undertakings
The DNO must set out all payments that it proposes to make to itself or any Related Undertaking. Further, if a payment is to
be made to any Related Undertaking that is a Distribution System User, the DNO must demonstrate that it has offered the
same terms to similar Distribution System Users on the part of the network that is within the Project boundary and has used
reasonable endeavours to identify such Users.
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