Provo City School District Voice
Conversational pitch is too high or too low
Conversational voice is limited in pitch or loudness variability
Hard glottal attacks
Conversational voice is too loud or too soft
Normal voice quality
Hyponasality (observed during humming, nasal consonant contexts: Mommy makes me muffins;
Man on the moon; Many men make money; etc.)
Consistent mouth breathing
Hypernasality (observed during vowel and oral consonants)
Nasal turbulence or audible nasal emission (observed during pressure consonant contexts:
Counting from 60-69; Popeye plays baseball; Give Kate the cake; Buy Bobby a puppy; Take a
ticket to Daddy; etc.
Juvenile resonance characteristics
Nonverbal Vocal Range and Flexibility
Model the series of nonverbal tasks that are described on the test form. Multiple trials are allowed. Visual
cues such as hand gestures, moving a toy car across that table (for maximum phonation time) or up and
down a hill (for pitch range), etc. may be used to supplement the auditory model.
1. Habitual pitch and loudness task: “Count from 1-10. Repeat, but stop at ‘three’ and hold out the /i/.
Abnormal pitch and/or loudness
Normal pitch and loudness
2. Maximum phonation time (MPT) task: “Take your biggest breath and hold out an /a/ as long as possible.”