Chapter 3
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
38 Chapter 3 MULTIPLE CHOICE QUIZ
Chapter Three
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUIZ
Name: ______________________________
In the box write the letter of the choice that is the definition of the term or best answers the
question. There is only one correct answer for each question.
1. Amniocentesis: ...................................
A. Incision of the abdomen
B. Paracentesis
C. Surgical puncture to remove fluid from
the abdomen
D. Puncture of the chest region
E. Surgical puncture to remove fluid from
the sac around the embryo
2. Inflammation of lymph tissue
in the throat: ......................................
A. Bronchitis
B. Laryngitis
C. Pharyngeal
D. Tonsilitis
E. Tonsillitis
3. Prolapse: ............................................
A. -pathy
B. -ptosis
C. -trophy
D. -plasty
E. -plasm
4. Blood is held back from an area: .........
A. Thrombocyte
B. Anemia
C. Ischemia
D. Hematoma
E. Hemolysis
5. Death: ................................................
A. Neur/o
B. Nephr/o
C. Neutr/o
D. Nucle/o
E. Necr/o
6. Acromegaly: .......................................
A. Exocrine disorder of bone
enlargement
B. Enlargement of extremities after puberty
due to pituitary gland problem
C. Abnormal growth of bones before
puberty
D. Endocrine gland problem in young
children
E. Fear of extremities (heights)
7. Pain in the ear: ...................................
A. Pleurodynia
B. Otitis
C. Otalgia
D. Osteitis
E. Neuralgia
8. Continuing over a long period .............
A. Chronic
B. Acute
C. Chromic
D. Relapse
E. Remission
9. Small artery .......................................
A. Capillary
B. Arteriole
C. Venule
D. Lymph vessel
E. Blood vessel leading from the heart
10. Instrument to visually examine: ..........
A. -scope
B. -scopy
C. -opsy
D. -stasis
E. -tomy
11. Hernia of the urinary bladder: .............
A. Rectocele
B. Inguinal hernia
C. Hiatal hernia
D. Rectalgia
E. Cystocele
12. Tumor of bone marrow (cancerous): ...
A. Myosarcoma
B. Multiple myeloma
C. Osteogenic sarcoma
D. Adenocarcinoma
E. Metastasis
13. Inflammation of the spinal cord: .........
A. Encephalitis
B. Osteitis
C. Myelitis
D. Myoma
E. Vertebral
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chapter 3 MULTIPLE CHOICE QUIZ 39
14. Berry-shaped (spheroidal)
bacteria: .............................................
A. Staphyl/o
B. Pneum/o
C. -cele
D. Strept/o
E. -cocci
15. Neutrophil: .........................................
A. Lymphocyte
B. Polymorphonuclear leukocyte
C. Monocyte
D. Mononuclear agranulocyte
E. Platelet
16. Instrument to record: .........................
A. -gram
B. -scopy
C. -scope
D. -graph
E. -graphy
17. Resembling: .......................................
A. -osis
B. -eal
C. lith/o
D. -oid
E. -ic
18. An eosinophil is a(an): ........................
A. Erythrocyte
B. Leukocyte
C. Mononuclear cell
D. Platelet
E. Lymphocyte
19. Removal of the voice box: ...................
A. Larnygectomy
B. Pharyngotomy
C. Pharynostomy
D. Laryngectomy
E. Trachectomy
20. Angioplasty means: .............................
A. Pertaining to fat
B. Fear of extremities
C. Therapy with chemicals
D. Surgical puncture of a blood vessel
E. Surgical repair of a blood vessel
21. A blood cell that produces
antibodies: ..........................................
A. Erythrocyte
B. Platelet
C. Lymphocyte
D. Monocyte
E. Basophil
22. Opposite of -malacia is: ......................
A. -megaly
B. -sclerosis
C. -emia
D. -plasia
E. -lysis
23. Excessive development: ......................
A. Hypoplasia
B. Dystrophy
C. Achondroplasia
D. Morphology
E. Hypertrophy
24. Treatment: .........................................
A. -therapy
B. -genic
C. -plasty
D. -osis
E. -stasis
25. Surgical creation of a permanent
opening to the outside of the body: .....
A. -stomy
B. -tomy
C. -ectomy
D. -plasty
E. -scopy
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
40 Chapter 3 EXERCISE QUIZ
Chapter Three
EXERCISE QUIZ
Name: ______________________________
A. Give the meanings for the following suffixes:
1. -cele _______________________________ 4. -genesis _______________________________
2. -coccus _____________________________ 5. -graphy ________________________________
3. -centesis ____________________________ 6. -emia _________________________________
B. Using the following combining forms and your knowledge of suffixes, build the following
medical terms:
amni/o cyst/o laryng/o myel/o thorac/o
angi/o isch/o my/o staphyl/o
7. inflammation of the spinal cord ______________________________________________________
8. process of recording blood vessels ____________________________________________________
9. pain of a muscle ___________________________________________________________________
10. surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest ________________________________________
11. berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria in clusters ___________________________________________
12. resection of the voice box ___________________________________________________________
13. to hold back blood from cells ________________________________________________________
14. hernia of the urinary bladder ________________________________________________________
C. Match the following terms that describe blood cells with their meanings below:
eosinophil lymphocyte neutrophil
erythrocyte monocyte thrombocyte
15. a clotting cell; platelet ______________________________________________________________
16. a red blood cell ____________________________________________________________________
17. a granulocytic white blood cell that destroys cells by engulfing and digesting them;
polymorphonuclear leukocyte _______________________________________________________
18. a mononuclear leukocyte that is a phagocyte ___________________________________________
19. a mononuclear leukocyte that destroys foreign cells by making antibodies ____________________
20. a leukocyte whose granules turn red with stain and whose numbers are elevated in allergic
reactions _________________________________________________________________________
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chapter 3 EXERCISE QUIZ 41
D. Give the meanings for the following suffixes:
21. -lysis _______________________________ 26. -phobia ________________________________
22. -pathy ______________________________ 27. -plasty ________________________________
23. -penia ______________________________ 28. -stasis ________________________________
24. -malacia ____________________________ 29. -plasia ________________________________
25. -megaly ____________________________ 30. -sclerosis ______________________________
E. Using the following combining forms and your knowledge of suffixes, build medical terms:
acr/o cardi/o morph/o myel/o
blephar/o chondr/o my/o sarc/o
31. fear of heights (extremities) _________________________________________________________
32. flesh (malignant) tumor of muscle ____________________________________________________
33. study of the shape (of cells) __________________________________________________________
34. inflammation of an eyelid ___________________________________________________________
35. softening of cartilage _______________________________________________________________
36. tumor of bone marrow _____________________________________________________________
37. disease of heart muscle _____________________________________________________________
F. Give meanings for the following suffixes:
38. -ptosis ______________________________ 43. -trophy ________________________________
39. -stomy _____________________________ 44. -oid ___________________________________
40. -tomy ______________________________ 45. -ole ___________________________________
41. -ule ________________________________ 46. -opsy __________________________________
42. -genic ______________________________ 47. -ectomy _______________________________
G. Underline the suffix in the following terms and give the meaning of each term:
48. pulmonary _______________________________________________________________________
49. necrotic _________________________________________________________________________
50. inguinal _________________________________________________________________________
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
42 Chapter 3 DICTATION AND COMPREHENSION QUIZ
Chapter Three
DICTATION AND
COMPREHENSION QUIZ
Name: ______________________________
A. Dictation of Terms
1. ____________________________________ 11. ______________________________________
2. ____________________________________ 12. ______________________________________
3. ____________________________________ 13. ______________________________________
4. ____________________________________ 14. ______________________________________
5. ____________________________________ 15. ______________________________________
6. ____________________________________ 16. ______________________________________
7. ____________________________________ 17. ______________________________________
8. ____________________________________ 18. ______________________________________
9. ____________________________________ 19. ______________________________________
10. ____________________________________ 20. ______________________________________
B. Comprehension of Terms: Match number of the above term with its meaning below.
______ Pertaining to the groin
______ Prolapse of an eyelid
______ Disease of heart muscle
______ Resection of a breast
______ Ear pain
______ Pertaining to the voice box
______ Formation of blood vessels
______ Pertaining to the membrane surrounding the abdomen
______ Destruction of blood (RBCs)
______ Incision of the abdomen
______ Spread of a malignant tumor
______ Holding back blood from tissues
______ Fear of heights
______ New opening of the windpipe to the outside of body
______ Abnormal condition of death of cells
______ Hernia of the urinary bladder
______ Record of the electricity in the brain
______ Deficiency of clotting cells (platelets)
______ Removal of living tissue and examination under a microscope
______ Abnormal condition of fluid (water) in the kidney
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chapter 3 SPELLING QUIZ 43
Chapter Three
SPELLING QUIZ
Name: ______________________________
A. Circle the term that is spelled correctly and write its meaning in the space provided:
1. pericardeum pericardium ________________________________________________
2. arteriosclerosis arteriosklerosis _____________________________________________
3. myleitis myleitis ___________________________________________________
4. hepatomeagaly hepatomegaly _______________________________________________
5. trachostomy tracheostomy _______________________________________________
6. tonsillitis tonsilitis ___________________________________________________
7. abdominocentesis adbominocentesis ____________________________________________
8. ploorodinia pleurodynia _________________________________________________
9. ophthalmology opthalmology _______________________________________________
10. staphylococci staphlococci ________________________________________________
B. Circle the term that is spelled correctly. The meaning of each term is given:
11. beyond control (spread of a
cancerous tumor) ...................................... metastesis metastasis metastatis
12. pertaining to the voice box ........................ larnygeal laryngeal laryngel
13. condition (disease) of the lung .................. pneumonia pneumoneia pnuemonia
14. hernia of the urinary bladder .................... cytocele cystocele cystosele
15. deficiency in white blood cells .................. leukopenia luekopenia lucopinea
16. excessive development ............................... hypertropy hypertrophy hypertrofe
17. pertaining to the groin .............................. inguinal ingiuinal ingwanal
18. clotting cell ................................................ platelete platlet platelet
19. incision of a vein ........................................ pilbotomy phlebotomy plebotomy
20. small vein ................................................... venule vanule venuel
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
44 Chapter 3 PRONUNCIATION QUIZ
Chapter Three
PRONUNCIATION QUIZ
Name: ______________________________
A. Underline the accented syllable in the following terms (for example: anemia, diagnosis,
endocrine):
1. arteriole 4. necrosis 7. arteriosclerosis 10. hydrotherapy
2. hypertrophy 5. carcinogenesis 8. thrombocytopenia
3. osteomalacia 6. laparoscopy 9. abdominocentesis
B. Match the suffix in Column I with its meaning in Column II:
Column I Column II
1. -malacia ____________ A. Prolapse
2. -phobia ____________ B. Surgical repair
3. -plasia ____________ C. Nourishment or development
4. -ptosis ____________ D. Fear
5. -pathy ____________ E. Blood condition
6. -plasty ____________ F. Formation
7. -emia ____________ G. Enlargement
8. -penia ____________ H. Softening
9. -trophy ____________ I. Disease condition
10. -megaly ____________ J. Deficiency
C. Complete the following terms from their definitions:
1. _____________________________ oma Tumor of bone marrow.
2. ____________________________ cocci Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria in twisted chains.
3. _____________________________ cele Hernia of the urinary bladder.
4. colo ____________________________ New opening from the colon to the outside of the body.
5. staphylo _________________________ Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria in clusters.
6. __________________________ phobia Fear of heights.
7. ___________________________ ology Study of the eye.
8. _____________________________ ule Small vein.
9. arterio _________________________ Hardening of arteries.
10. hemo __________________________ Destruction of blood.
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chapter 3 REVIEW SHEET QUIZ 45
Chapter Three
REVIEW SHEET QUIZ
Name: ______________________________
A. Give meanings for the following noun suffixes:
1. -centesis ________________________ 6. -cyte ___________________________________
2. -dynia __________________________ 7. -penia __________________________________
3. -stasis __________________________ 8. -trophy __________________________________
4. -plasty _________________________ 9. -emia ___________________________________
5. -genesis ________________________ 10. -graphy _________________________________
B. Give the suffixes for the following meanings:
1. instrument to visually examine _____ 6. softening ________________________________
2. fear ____________________________ 7. incision _________________________________
3. enlargement ____________________ 8. treatment _______________________________
4. prolapse ________________________ 9. excision _________________________________
5. separation, destruction ____________ 10. new opening _____________________________
C. Give meanings for the following combining forms:
1. chondr/o _______________________ 6. mamm/o ________________________________
2. lapar/o _________________________ 7. angi/o __________________________________
3. inguin/o ________________________ 8. cyst/o ___________________________________
4. axill/o __________________________ 9. isch/o ___________________________________
5. blephar/o _______________________ 10. adip/o __________________________________
D. Give the combining forms for the following meanings:
1. liver ___________________________ 4. tonsil ___________________________________
2. muscle _________________________ 5. shape ___________________________________
3. ear ____________________________ 6. lung ____________________________________
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
46 Chapter 3 MEDICAL SCRAMBLE
Chapter Three
MEDICAL SCRAMBLE
Name: ______________________________
Unscramble the letters to form suffixes from the clues. Use the letters in squares to complete the
bonus term.
1. Clue: Surgical puncture to remove fluid
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ E S T I C E S N
2. Clue: Hardening
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ L S O S S E C R I
3. Clue: Treatment
____ ____
____ ____ ____ R H P E Y A T
4. Clue: Softening
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ A C L A M A I
5. Clue: Surgical repair
____ ____ ____
____ Y S L T A P
6. Clue: Development
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ H Y P T O R
7. Clue: Enlargement
____ ____ ____ ____ ____ A G Y M L E
8. Clue: Excision
____ ____ ____ ____ M C Y O E T
9. Clue: Pain
____ ____ ____ ____ I G L A A
10. Clue: Fear
____ ____ ____ ____ A I B H P O
BONUS TERM: Clue: Deficiency of platelets
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chapter 3 CROSSWORD PUZZLE 47
Chapter Three
CROSSWORD PUZZLE
Name: ______________________________
Fill in the crossword puzzle below using the clues listed underneath it.
1
3
12
14
15
16
13
78
10
11
2
54
9
6
Across Clues Down Clues
3. -malacia 1. -megaly
4. -gram 2. -cele
7. -itis 5. -penia
9. -phobia 6. -sclerosis
11. -algia
8. -genesis
12. -therapy 10.
-ist
14. -ule 13.
-trophy
15. -osis (abnormal_____________)
16. -oid
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
50 Chapter 3 ANSWERS TO TERMINOLOGy SECTION
Chapter Three
Answers to Terminology Section
(textbook pages 78–85)
Terminology Meaning
arthralgia Pain in a joint.
otalgia Pain in the ear.
neuralgia Pain of nerves.
myalgia Pain of muscles.
rectocele Hernia of the rectum.
cystocele Hernia of the urinary bladder.
thoracentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest.
amniocentesis Surgical puncture of the amnion.
abdominocentesis Surgical puncture of the abdomen.
streptococcus Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacterium found in twisted chains.
staphylococci Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria in clusters.
erythrocyte Red blood cell.
leukocyte White blood cell.
thrombocyte Clotting cell.
pleurodynia Pain in the chest wall muscles that is aggravated by breathing (literally: pain of
the pleura).
laryngectomy Removal of the larynx.
mastectomy Removal of a breast.
anemia Decrease in erythrocytes or hemoglobin.
ischemia To hold back blood from an area of the body.
carcinogenesis Condition of producing cancer.
pathogenesis Condition of producing disease.
angiogenesis Formation of blood vessels.
electroencephalogram Record of the electricity in the brain.
mammogram Record (x-ray) of the breast.
electroencephalograph Instrument for recording the electricity in the brain.
electroencephalography Process of recording the electricity in the brain.
angiography Process of recording (x-ray imaging) blood vessels.
bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi.
myelitis Inflammation of the spinal cord.
tonsillitis Inflammation of the tonsils.
thrombophlebitis Inflammation of a vein with clot formation.
ophthalmology Study of the eye.
morphology Study of shape or form.
hemolysis Destruction of blood (breakdown of red blood cells with release of hemoglobin).
osteomalacia Softening of bone.
chondromalacia Softening of cartilage.
acromegaly Enlargement of extremities.
splenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen.
myoma Tumor (benign) of muscle.
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chapter 3 ANSWERS TO TERMINOLOGy SECTION 51
myosarcoma Tumor (malignant) of muscle—a type of flesh (sarc/o) tissue.
multiple myeloma Tumor (malignant) of bone marrow.
hematoma Collection of blood; a bruise.
biopsy To view life; microscopic examination of living tissue.
necropsy Autopsy or postmortem examination.
necrosis Condition of death (of cells).
hydronephrosis Abnormal condition of water (found) in the kidney.
leukocytosis Abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of normal white blood cells.
cardiomyopathy Disease of heart muscle.
erythropenia Deficiency of red blood cells.
neutropenia Deficiency in neutrophils.
thrombocytopenia Deficiency of clotting cells.
acrophobia Fear of heights.
agoraphobia Fear of being in open, crowded spaces (marketplace).
achondroplasia No (improper) development of cartilage.
angioplasty Surgical repair of blood vessels.
blepharoptosis Prolapse, sagging of an eyelid.
rhinorrhea Flow or discharge from the nose
arteriosclerosis Hardening of arteries.
laparoscope Instrument to visually examine the abdomen.
laparoscopy Process of visual examination of the abdomen.
metastasis Beyond control; spreading of a cancerous tumor.
hemostasis Stopping the flow of blood (naturally by clotting or artificially by compression).
colostomy New opening of the colon (to the outside of the body).
tracheostomy New opening of the windpipe (to the outside of the body).
hydrotherapy Treatment with water.
chemotherapy Treatment with drugs.
radiotherapy Treatment with x-rays.
laparotomy Incision into the abdomen. Often referred to as a “lap,” this exploratory
procedure is performed under general anesthesia.
phlebotomy Incision of a vein.
tracheotomy Incision of the trachea.
hypertrophy Excessive development. Memory Tip: You can earn a trophy for a new stage in
development!
atrophy No development; wasting away of tissue.
radiographer One who records x-rays; radiologic technologist—a professional who, under
the supervision of a physician, operates radiologic equipment and assists
radiologists.
leukemia Condition of increase in white blood cells (malignancy).
pneumonia Condition (abnormal) of lungs.
nephrologist Specialist in the study of the kidney.
arteriole Small artery.
venule Small vein.
pericardium Structure surrounding the heart.
mucus Sticky secretion from mucous membrane.
esophagus Muscular tube carrying food from the throat to the stomach.
Copyright © 2017, 2014, 2011, 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
52 Chapter 3 ANSWERS TO TERMINOLOGy SECTION
nephropathy Disease of the kidney.
cardiac Pertaining to the heart.
peritoneal Pertaining to the peritoneum.
inguinal Pertaining to the groin.
pleural Pertaining to the pleura.
tonsillar Pertaining to tonsils.
pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs.
axillary Pertaining to the armpit.
laryngeal Pertaining to the voice box.
carcinogenic Pertaining to producing cancer.
osteogenic Pertaining to produced within bone.
chronic Long-term; over a long period.
pathologic Pertaining to the study of disease.
adenoids Collections of lymphatic tissue resembling (-oid) glands (-aden) in the throat,
near the nose.
mucoid Resembling mucus.
adipose Pertaining to fat.
mucous membrane A lining that secretes mucus.
necrotic Pertaining to death (of cells).
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