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Chapter 3 ■ ANSWERS TO TERMINOLOGy SECTION 51
myosarcoma Tumor (malignant) of muscle—a type of flesh (sarc/o) tissue.
multiple myeloma Tumor (malignant) of bone marrow.
hematoma Collection of blood; a bruise.
biopsy To view life; microscopic examination of living tissue.
necropsy Autopsy or postmortem examination.
necrosis Condition of death (of cells).
hydronephrosis Abnormal condition of water (found) in the kidney.
leukocytosis Abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of normal white blood cells.
cardiomyopathy Disease of heart muscle.
erythropenia Deficiency of red blood cells.
neutropenia Deficiency in neutrophils.
thrombocytopenia Deficiency of clotting cells.
acrophobia Fear of heights.
agoraphobia Fear of being in open, crowded spaces (marketplace).
achondroplasia No (improper) development of cartilage.
angioplasty Surgical repair of blood vessels.
blepharoptosis Prolapse, sagging of an eyelid.
rhinorrhea Flow or discharge from the nose
arteriosclerosis Hardening of arteries.
laparoscope Instrument to visually examine the abdomen.
laparoscopy Process of visual examination of the abdomen.
metastasis Beyond control; spreading of a cancerous tumor.
hemostasis Stopping the flow of blood (naturally by clotting or artificially by compression).
colostomy New opening of the colon (to the outside of the body).
tracheostomy New opening of the windpipe (to the outside of the body).
hydrotherapy Treatment with water.
chemotherapy Treatment with drugs.
radiotherapy Treatment with x-rays.
laparotomy Incision into the abdomen. Often referred to as a “lap,” this exploratory
procedure is performed under general anesthesia.
phlebotomy Incision of a vein.
tracheotomy Incision of the trachea.
hypertrophy Excessive development. Memory Tip: You can earn a trophy for a new stage in
atrophy No development; wasting away of tissue.
radiographer One who records x-rays; radiologic technologist—a professional who, under
the supervision of a physician, operates radiologic equipment and assists
leukemia Condition of increase in white blood cells (malignancy).
pneumonia Condition (abnormal) of lungs.
nephrologist Specialist in the study of the kidney.
arteriole Small artery.
venule Small vein.
pericardium Structure surrounding the heart.
mucus Sticky secretion from mucous membrane.
esophagus Muscular tube carrying food from the throat to the stomach.