Throughout the course of an
emergency, a farm may experience
a continuum of 3 operational
• Conventional – The animal
facilities, caretakers, or farm
resources used are consistent
with daily practices within the
• Contingency – The animal
facilities, caretakers, or
farm resources used are not
consistent with daily practices
but are functionally equivalent to
usual daily practices within the
• Crisis – The animal facilities, caretakers, or farm resources used are not consistent with daily practices and
require signicant adjustment to daily SOPs to manage and care for pigs.
If human resources and material supplies grow scarce during an emergency, the farm’s operational mode
will shift away from conventional and move toward contingency or crisis mode. Trigger points for a farm
implementing crisis mode can include
• Animal space/facilities – The facility where pigs are housed is damaged (e.g., tornado, hurricane, or re) or
space resources are overwhelmed (e.g., extended stop movement) and delay presents a signicant risk of
increased morbidity or mortality.
• Animal caretakers – Staff are unavailable in a timely manner to provide or adequately supervise pig care.
• Farm resources/supplies – Resources or supplies are unavailable or there is no suitable substitution, leading
to risk of pig morbidity or mortality.
In an emergency, the goal of the farm is to manage the situation and return to conventional operations mode
as quickly as possible by implementing strategies that substitute, conserve, adapt, and reuse critical resources,
including the way staff deliver care.
Communication to staff, partners, and customers is essential during a crisis mode to minimize long term impacts of
the emergency. Farms should clearly document the date and justication for implementing crisis operational mode
and the date contingency or conventional operations are resumed. This will ensure all team members are aligned
on expectations and customers understand the deviation in future on-farm audits or verication processes.
Using This Tool
A description of how each resource or supply may be affected during various states of emergency and specic
factors to consider when developing a crisis operations plan are provided. The factors provided are meant to
generate discussion and ideas but not intended to be prescriptive or exhaustive. Space is provided to document
a site- or operation-specic plan for each resource during crisis operations. It is important to consider how long
this plan can realistically be sustained.
Space is provided to document an alternate crisis operations plan, if needed. The need for an alternate crisis
operations plan will depend on the availability of resources to execute the primary crisis operations plan,
the length of time the primary crisis operations plan can be maintained, and the duration of the emergency.
Finally, space is provided for producers to add resources that are unique to their farms that may not be
included in the worksheet.
This tool can be used in partnership with the site or operation's Emergency Action Plan (https://lms.pork.org/
Tools/View/emergency-action-plan) and the Pork Industry Farm-Level Crisis Plan (https://lms.pork.org/Tools/