Form 4852 (Rev. 9-2018)
• Accuracy-related penalties equal to 20% of the amount of taxes
that should have been paid,
• Civil fraud penalties equal to 75% of the amount of taxes that
should have been paid, and
• A $5,000 civil penalty for filing a frivolous return or submitting a
specified frivolous submission as described by section 6702.
Lines 1 through 3. Enter your name, social security number, and
current address including street, city, state, and ZIP code.
Line 4. Enter the year for which Form W-2 or Form 1099-R wasn’t
received or was incorrect.
Line 5. Enter your employer’s or payer’s name, address, and ZIP
Line 6. Enter your employer’s or payer’s taxpayer identification
number (TIN), if known. If you had the same employer or payer in
the prior year, use the employer identification number (EIN) shown
on the prior year’s Form W-2 or Form 1099-R. If you don’t know the
EIN, but you know a different TIN associated with the employer or
payer, such as a social security number (SSN), you may enter that
Line 7—Form W-2. To the extent you received a Form W-2 with
correct information, complete line 7 by entering that correct
information reported on your Form W-2. If you don’t have complete
and accurate information from a Form W-2, use your final pay stub
to help complete line 7. For additional information, get Form W-2
and the General Instructions for Forms W-2 and W-3.
a—Wages, tips, and other compensation. Enter your total
wages received (include wages, noncash income, tips reported, and
all other compensation before deductions for taxes, insurance, etc.).
b—Social security wages. Enter your total wages subject to
employee social security tax. Don’t include social security tips and
c—Medicare wages and tips. Enter your total wages and tips
subject to Medicare tax. This amount may be required to be entered
on Form 8959, Additional Medicare Tax. See the Form 1040
instructions to determine if you are required to complete Form 8959.
d—Social security tips. Enter the tips you reported to your
employer for the year. The total of lines 7b and 7d can’t exceed the
social security wage base for the year reported on line 4. The total
amount of tips received during the year should be included on line
7a. You can find the social security wage base for any given year at
www.SSA.gov/OACT/COLA/cbb.html. The social security wage
base for a given year can be found in the Publication 15 (Circular E),
Employer’s Tax Guide, for that year, usually in the “What’s New”
section at the beginning of the publication.
e—Federal income tax withheld. Enter the amount of federal
income taxes withheld from your wages for the year. Include the
20% excise tax withheld on excess parachute payments on this
f—State income tax withheld. Enter the amount of state income
tax withheld from wages for the year. Enter the name of the state.
g—Local income tax withheld. Enter the amount of local income
tax withheld from wages for the year. Enter the name of the locality.
h—Social security tax withheld. Enter the amount of social
security tax withheld (not including the employer’s share), including
social security tax on tips.
i—Medicare tax withheld. Enter the amount of Medicare tax
withheld (not including the employer’s share). This amount
includes the 1.45% Medicare tax withheld on all Medicare wages
and tips you report on line 7c, as well as the 0.9% Additional
Medicare Tax withheld on any of those Medicare wages and tips
above $200,000. For more information on Additional Medicare Tax,
go to www.irs.gov/AdMT.
Line 8—Form 1099-R. To the extent you received a Form 1099-R
with correct information, complete line 8 by entering that correct
information reported on your Form 1099-R. If you don’t have
complete and accurate information from a Form 1099-R, use a
distribution statement from your plan trustee to help complete
line 8. For additional information, get Form 1099-R and the
Instructions for Forms 1099-R and 5498.
a—Gross distribution. Enter the total amount you received for
the year as a gross distribution.
b—Taxable amount. Enter the taxable amount of your
c—Taxable amount not determined. Check this box if you are
unable to compute your taxable distribution. If you check this box,
leave line 8b blank.
d—Total distribution. Check this box only if the payment shown
on line 8a is a total distribution.
e—Capital gain (included in line 8b). Enter the capital gain on
your lump-sum distributions that you also included on line 8b. Only
certain individuals can elect to treat lump-sum distributions as a
capital gain on Form 4972, Tax on Lump-Sum Distributions. See the
Instructions for Form 4972 for details.
f—Federal income tax withheld. Enter the amount of federal
income tax withheld.
g—State income tax withheld. Enter the amount of state income
tax withheld. Enter the name of the state.
h—Local income tax withheld. Enter the amount of local income
tax withheld. Enter the name of the locality.
i—Employee contributions. Enter your investment in the
contract (after-tax contributions), if any, recovered tax free this year.
j—Distribution codes. Enter the distribution code or codes that
apply. If you are reporting more than one code, separate the codes
with a comma. See the Instructions for Forms 1099-R and 5498 for
a complete list of codes. If your distribution was from a traditional
IRA, SEP IRA, or SIMPLE IRA, write “IRA,” “SEP,” or “SIMPLE” in
the right margin.
Line 9. Explain how you determined the amounts on line 7 or 8. For
example, tell us if you estimated the amounts, used your pay stubs,
or used a statement reporting your distribution.
Line 10. Explain what you did to get Form W-2, Form 1099-R, or
Form W-2c from your employer or payer.
Paperwork Reduction Act Notice. We ask for the information on
Form 4852 to carry out the Internal Revenue laws of the United
States. You are required to give us the information. We need it to
figure and collect the right amount of tax.
You are not required to provide the information requested on a
form that is subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the
form displays a valid OMB control number. Books or records
relating to a form or its instructions must be retained as long as
their contents may become material in the administration of any
Internal Revenue law. Generally, tax returns and return information
are confidential, as required by section 6103.
The average time and expenses required to complete and file this
form vary depending on individual circumstances. For the
estimated averages, see the instructions for your income tax return.
If you have suggestions for making Form 4852 simpler, we would
be happy to hear from you. See the instructions for your income tax