Form 976 (Rev. 11-2018)
Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code unless otherwise noted.
For the latest information about developments related to Form 976 and its
instructions, such as legislation enacted after they were published, go to
Purpose of form. File Form 976 for a personal holding company (PHC),
regulated investment company (RIC), or real estate investment trust (REIT)
that is claiming a deficiency dividend deduction under section 547 or 860. If
the claim is allowed, taxpayers will be relieved, in whole or in part, from the
payment of certain taxes (or allowed a credit or refund of certain taxes). In
addition, a RIC or REIT will owe interest determined with respect to the
amount of the deficiency dividend deduction allowed. See sections 860(a),
860(c), 6601, and 6621. The Service will notify the RIC or REIT of the amount
When and where to file. File Form 976 within 120 days after the
determination date (defined below). A PHC must file Form 976 with the IRS
office where the determination of PHC status was made. A RIC or a REIT
must file Form 976 with the Internal Revenue Service Center where the
income tax return for the tax year for which the determination applies was
filed, unless the situations below apply.
If the determination is made by a RIC or REIT under section 860(e)(4), file
Form 976 with the Internal Revenue Service, P.O. Box 9941, Mail Stop 4912,
Ogden, UT 84409. This is the same address for filing Form 8927,
Determination Under Section 860(e)(4) by a Qualified Investment Entity.
If the determination is from an agreement with the delegate (under section
547(c)(3) or 860(e)(3)) any claim resulting from the deficiency dividend
deduction may be filed with the delegate or corresponding IRS office.
Deficiency dividends. Deficiency dividends must be distributed no later than
90 days after the determination date (defined below) and prior to filing
The deficiency dividend must be of such a nature as would have permitted
its inclusion in the computation of the deduction for dividends paid under
section 561 for the tax year for which the tax liability exists, if it had been
distributed during that year.
Determination date. If the determination was made by:
• A decision of the Tax Court, the determination date is the date the decision
becomes final under section 7481.
• A judgment, decree, or order by a court, the determination date is the date
the judgment, decree, or order becomes final.
• A closing agreement made under section 7121, the determination date is
the date the agreement is approved by the Commissioner.
• An agreement between the IRS and the taxpayer under section 547(c)(3)
(Form 2198) (see below) or section 860(e)(3) and the signed copy of the
agreement is sent to the taxpayer by registered mail, the determination date
is the date of the registration. If the agreement is sent by certified mail, the
determination date is the date of the postmark on the sender’s receipt. But if
the dividend is paid before the registration or postmark date, and on or after
the date the agreement is signed by the delegate of the Commissioner, the
determination date is the date the agreement was signed.
• A RIC or REIT under section 860(e)(4) (Form 8927), in general, the
determination date is the date Form 8927 was mailed to the IRS. See Rev.
Proc. 2009-28 for more information. A RIC or REIT should retain written
evidence with its records to establish the date Form 8927 was mailed.
Enter this date on line 6.
Form 2198. Form 2198, Determination of Liability for Personal Holding
Company Tax Section 547(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, is used as the
agreement required by section 547(c)(3). The form is jointly signed by a
delegate of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue and a qualified officer of
the PCH to establish the PCH’s tax liability.
Claim for credit or refund. If the allowance of the deficiency dividend
deduction results in an overpayment of tax, the taxpayer must file an
amended income tax return in addition to Form 976 to obtain a credit or
refund of the overpayment.
Corporate acquisitions. When the assets of one corporation are acquired
by another corporation in a distribution or transfer described in section
381(a), see sections 381(c)(17) and 381(c)(23) for special rules for claiming a
deficiency dividend deduction.
Address. Include the suite, room, or other unit number after the street
address. If the Post Office does not deliver mail to the street address and the
taxpayer has a P.O. box, show the box number instead of the street address.
Line 1. Enter the amount of the tax liability established by the determination
without taking into account the deficiency dividend deduction claimed and
without regard to whether the tax liability is (or was) a deficiency as defined
under section 6211(a)(1).
Attach a detailed statement that discloses the computation of the tax
deficiency amount reported on line 1. This statement should identify each
amount and item that changes income, expenses or credits as reported on
the original or amended Form 1120-REIT, Form 1120-RIC, or Schedule PH
(Form 1120), as applicable. Also, provide an explanation for these changes.
For RICs or REITs that are partners in a partnership subject to the
centralized partnership audit regime set out in sections 6221 through 6241
(as amended by the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015), this detailed statement
meets part of the documentation requirements for purposes of sections
6225(c) and 6226 and the regulations thereunder with respect to adjustments
allocated to RICs or REITs.
Line 2. Enter the ending date of the tax year for which the deficiency
dividend deduction is claimed. A separate Form 976 must be filed for each
deficiency dividend deduction claimed.
Line 3a. Enter the amount paid, if any, of the tax liability entered on line 1
without taking into account the deficiency dividend deduction.
Line 5f. A RIC or REIT can file Form 8927 with the IRS to make a self-
determination. If a statement is used instead of Form 8927, attach a copy of
the statement to Form 976.
Line 6. See Determination date, earlier, for more information.
Line 8(b). If a stock distribution by a publicly traded RIC or REIT meets all
the requirements of section 3.02 of Rev. Proc. 2010-12, the RIC or REIT that
made the distribution must enter the fair market value of the stock distributed
on line 8(b)(1) and is not required to complete line 8(b)(2). See Rev. Proc.
2010-12 for more information.
Signature. The return must be signed and dated by the president, vice
president, treasurer, assistant treasurer, chief accounting officer, or any other
officer (such as tax officer) authorized to sign. A receiver, trustee, or assignee
must sign and date any return filed on behalf of the company or trust.
If an officer completed Form 976, the Paid Preparer Use Only space under
“Signature of officer” should remain blank. If someone prepares Form 976
and does not charge the corporation, that person should not sign the return.
Certain others who prepare Form 976 should not sign. For example, a
regular, full-time employee, such as a clerk, secretary, etc., should not sign.
Generally, anyone who is paid to prepare Form 976 must sign the return
and fill in the other blanks in the “Paid Preparer Use Only” section of the
The preparer required to sign the return must complete the required
preparer information and:
• Sign it, by hand, in the space provided for the preparer’s signature
(signature stamps or labels are not acceptable); and
• Give a copy of Form 976 to the taxpayer in addition to the copy filed with
Paperwork Reduction Act Notice. We ask for the information on this form
to carry out the Internal Revenue laws of the United States. We need it to
ensure that you are complying with these laws and to allow us to figure and
collect the right amount of tax.
You are not required to provide the information requested on a form that is
subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act unless the form displays a valid
OMB control number. Books or records relating to a form or its instructions
must be retained as long as their content may become material in the
administration of any Internal Revenue law. Generally, tax return and return
information are confidential, as required by section 6103.
The time needed to complete and file this form will vary depending on
individual circumstances. The estimated average time is:
Recordkeeping . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 hr., 44 min.
Learning about the law or the form . . . . . . . . . 53 min.
Preparing, copying, assembling, and
sending the form to the IRS . . . . . . . . . . 1 hr., 2 min.
If you have comments concerning the accuracy of these time estimates or
suggestions for making this form simpler, we would be happy to hear from
you. You can send us comments from www.irs.gov/FormComments. Or you
can also send your comments to the Internal Revenue Service, Tax Forms
and Publications Division, 1111 Constitution Ave. NW, IR-6526, Washington,
DC 20224. Do not send this form to this office. Instead, see When and where
to file above.