Schedule 3 (Form 8849) (Rev. 3-2018)
Section references are to the Internal Revenue Code, unless otherwise
For the latest information about developments related to Schedule 3
(Form 8849) and its instructions, such as legislation enacted after they
were published, go to www.irs.gov/Form8849.
One-time claims for calendar year 2017. The credits for biodiesel
mixtures, renewable diesel mixtures, and alternative fuels, which expired
at the end of 2016, were retroactively reinstated for calendar year 2017.
You can make a one-time claim for credits for sales or uses of these
fuels in calendar year 2017. For information on how to make a one-time
claim, see Notice 2018-21 and One-Time Claims for Calendar Year
Alternative fuel mixture credits for 2017. The credit for alternative fuel
mixtures also expired at the end of 2016, and is retroactively reinstated
for calendar year 2017. If you want to make a claim for the alternative
fuel mixture credit for 2017, you must file Form 720X, Amended
Quarterly Federal Excise Tax Return. For information on how to make a
claim, see Notice 2018-21.
Reducing your excise tax liability. For federal income tax purposes,
reduce your section 4081 excise tax liability by the amount of excise tax
credit allowable under section 6426(c) and your section 4041 excise tax
liability by the amount of your excise tax credit allowable under section
6426(d), in determining your deduction for those excise taxes or your
cost of goods sold deduction attributable to those excise taxes.
Schedule 3 (Form 8849) can be filed electronically. For more
information on filing electronically, visit the IRS e-file website at
Purpose of Form
Use Schedule 3 (Form 8849) to make claims for sales or uses of
biodiesel mixtures, renewable diesel mixtures, and alternative fuels.
One-Time Claims for Calendar Year 2017
You can make a one-time credit claim for your calendar year 2017 sales
or uses of biodiesel mixtures, renewable diesel mixtures, and alternative
fuels. To submit the one-time claim for excise tax credits, you must file
Schedule 3 (Form 8849). The one-time claim rule doesn’t apply to
income tax credits for biodiesel mixtures, renewable diesel mixtures,
and alternative fuels. You should continue to make those claims on
Forms 4136 and 8864.
If you filed “protective” or anticipatory claims for these credits, you
must refile your claims in accordance with Notice 2018-21. The IRS
won’t treat as perfected any such protective or anticipatory claims
previously filed with IRS that aren’t timely supplemented in accordance
with Notice 2018-21.
You must follow the procedures below to make a one-time calendar
year 2017 claim on Schedule 3 (Form 8849).
• Enter amounts for 2017 biodiesel mixtures or renewable diesel
mixtures on line 2, and alternative fuels on line 3, as appropriate.
• Submit a single form for all 2017 biodiesel mixtures, renewable diesel
mixtures, and alternative fuels credit claims; the IRS won’t process
multiple submissions from a claimant.
• You must file your 2017 claims for biodiesel mixture, renewable diesel
mixture, and alternative fuel by September 29, 2018. The IRS won’t
process claims for calendar year 2017 received after that date.
• Don’t combine claims for 2017 and 2018 (if the credits are
extended for 2018) on the same Schedule 3 (Form 8849).
Coordination With Excise Tax Credit
Only one credit may be taken for any one gallon of alternative fuel. If any
amount is claimed (or will be claimed) for any gallon of biodiesel mixture,
renewable diesel mixture, or alternative fuel on Form 720, Form 720X,
Form 8864, or Form 4136, then a claim can’t be made on Form 8849,
Claim for Refund of Excise Taxes, for that gallon of biodiesel mixture,
renewable diesel mixture, or alternative fuel.
Excise Tax Liability
Persons who blend an untaxed liquid with taxable fuel to produce a
taxable fuel mixture outside the bulk transfer terminal system must pay
the excise tax on the volume of the untaxed liquid in the mixture.
Use Form 720 to report these taxes. You also must be registered with
the IRS as a blender (M registrants). Line 3 claimants must also have an
AL registration number. See Form 637, Application for Registration (For
Certain Excise Tax Activities).
How To File
Attach Schedule 3 (Form 8849) to Form 8849. If you aren’t filing
electronically, on the envelope write “Fuel Mixture Claim” and send it to
the IRS at the address at the bottom of page 1.
These lines are reserved.
Line 2. Biodiesel or Renewable Diesel Mixture Credit
Claimant. The person that produced and sold or used the mixture in
their trade or business is the only person eligible to make this claim. The
credit is based on the gallons of biodiesel or renewable diesel in the
The biodiesel used to produce the biodiesel mixture must meet ASTM
D6751 and meet the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA)
registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives under section 211
of the Clean Air Act. The renewable diesel used to produce the
renewable diesel mixture must be derived from biomass, meet the
EPA's registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives under
section 211 of the Clean Air Act, and meet ASTM D975, D396, or other
equivalent standard approved by the IRS. Renewable diesel also
includes fuel derived from biomass that meets a Department of Defense
specification for military jet fuel or an ASTM specification for aviation
turbine fuel. For a renewable diesel mixture used in aviation, kerosene is
treated as if it is diesel fuel.
Renewable diesel doesn’t include any fuel derived from
coprocessing biomass (as defined in section 45K(c)(3)) with a
feedstock that isn’t biomass.
Claim requirements. 1. The biodiesel mixture credit may not be
claimed for biodiesel produced outside the United States for use as a
fuel outside the United States. The United States includes any
possession of the United States. The claimant has a certificate from the
producer. See Certificate below for details.
2. The claim must be for a biodiesel or renewable diesel mixture sold or
used during a period that’s at least 1 week.
3. The claimant has a certificate from the producer. See Certificate
below for details.
4. The amount of the claim must be at least $200 unless the claim is
filed electronically. To meet the minimum, amounts from lines 2 and 3
may be combined.
5. The claim must be filed by the last day of the first quarter following
the earliest quarter of the claimant’s income tax year included in the
claim. For example, a calendar-year claimant’s claim for a biodiesel
mixture sold or used during June and July must be filed by September
Note. If requirements 2–5 above aren’t met, see Annual Claims under
Additional Information for Schedules 1, 2, and 3 in the Form 8849