Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT)
Date:
________________
Product Name: __________________________________________________
Product Version N umber:
___________
Vendor Company Name:
___________________________________________
Vendor Contact Name :
___________________________________________
Vendor Contact Telephone: ________________________________
APPENDIX A: Suggested Language Guide
Summary Table
Voluntary Product Accessibility Template
Criteria
Level of Support &
Supporting Features
Re marks
and
explanations
Section 1194.21 Software Applications and
Operating S ystems
Section 1194.22 Web-
based Internet
Information and Applications
Section 1194.23 Telecommunications
Products
Section 1194.24 Video and Multi-
media
Products
Section 1194.25 Self-Contained, Closed
Products
Section 1194.26 Desktop and Portable
Computers
Section 1194.31 Functional Performance
Criteria
Section 1194.41 Information,
Documentation and Support
Print Form
Section 1194.21 Software Applications and Operating Systems -
Detail
Voluntary Product Accessibility Template
Criteria
Level of Support &
Supporting Features
Remarks and
explanations
(a) When software is designed to run on a
system that has a keyboard, product
functions shall be executable from a
keyboard where the function itself or the
result of performing a function can be
discerned textually.
(b) Applications shall not disrupt or disable
activated features of other products that are
identified as accessibility features, where
those features are developed and
documented according to industry
standards. Applications also shall not
disrupt or disable activated features of any
operating system that are identified as
accessibility features where the application
programming interface fo r those
accessibility features has been documented
by the manufacturer of the operating system
and is available to the product developer.
(c) A well
-
defined on
-
screen indication of
the current focus shall be provided that
moves among interactive interface elements
as the input focus changes. The focus shall
be programmatically exposed so that
Assistive Technology can track focus and
focus changes.
(d) Sufficient information about a user
interface element including the identity,
operation and state of the element shall be
available to Assistive Technology. When an
image represents a program element, the
information conveyed by the image must
also be available in text.
(e) When bitmap images are used to
identify controls, status indicators, or other
programmatic elements, the meaning
assigned to those images shall be consistent
throughout an application's performance.
(f) Textual information shall be provided
through operating system functions for
displaying text. The minimum information
that shall be made available is text content,
text input caret location, and text attributes.
(g) Applications shall not override user
selected contrast and color selections and
other individual display attributes.
(h) When animation is displayed,
the
information shall be displayable in at least
one non-animated presentation mode at the
option of the user.
(i) Color coding shall not be used as the
only means of conveying information,
indicating an action, prompting a response,
or distinguishing a visual element.
(j) When a product permits a user to adjust
color and contrast settings, a variety of
color selections capable of producing a
range of contrast levels shall be provided.
(k) Software shall not use flashing or
blinking text, objects, or other elements
having a flash or blink frequency greater
than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz.
(l) When electronic forms are used, the
form shall allow people using Assistive
Technology to access the information, field
elements, and functionality required for
completion and submission of the form,
including all directions and cues.
Section 1194.22 Web-based Intranet and Internet information and
Applications - Detail
Voluntary Product Accessibility Template
Criteria
Level of Support &
Supporting Features
Remarks and
explanations
(a) A text equivalent for every non
-
text
element shall be provided (e.g., via
"alt", "longdesc", or in element
content).
(b) Equivalent alternatives for any
multimedia presentation shall be
synchronized with the presentation.
(c) Web pages shall be designed so that
all information conveyed with color is
a lso available without color, for
example from context or markup.
(d) Documents shall be organized so
they are readable without requiring an
associated style sheet.
(e) Redundant text links shall be
provided for each active region of a
server-s ide image map.
(f) Client
-
side image maps shall be
provided instead of server-side image
maps except where the regions cannot
be defined with an available geometric
shape.
(g) Row and column headers shall be
identified for data tables.
(h) Markup
shall be used to associate
data cells and header cells for data
tables that have two or more logical
levels of row or column headers.
(i) Frames shall be titled with text that
facilitates frame identification and
navigation
(j) Pages shall be designed to avoid
causing the screen to flicker with a
frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower
than 55 Hz.
(k) A text
-
only page, with equivalent
information or functionality, shall be
provided to make a web site comply
with the provisions of this part, when
compliance cannot be accomplished in
any other way. The content of the text-
only page shall be updated whenever
the primary page changes.
(l) When pages utilize scripting
languages to display content, or to
create interface elements, the
information
provided by the script shall
be identified with functional text that
can be read by Assistive Technology.
(m) When a web page requires that an
applet, plug-in or other application be
present on the client system to interpret
page content, the page must provide a
link to a plug-in or applet that complies
with 1194.21(a) through (l).
(n) When electronic forms are designed
to be completed on-line, the form shall
allow people using Assistive
Technology to access the information,
field elements, and functionality
required for completion and submission
of the form, including all directions and
cues.
(o) A method shall be provided that
permits users to skip repetitive
navigation links.
(p) When a timed response is required,
the user shall be alerted and given
sufficient time to indicate more time is
required.
Section 1194.23 Telecommunications Products - Detail
Voluntary Product Accessibility Template
Criteria
Level of Support &
Supporting Features
Remarks and
explanations
(a) Telecommunications products or
systems which provide a function
allowing voice communication and
which do not themselves provide a
TTY functionality shall provide a
standard non-acoustic connection
point for TTYs. Microphones shall be
capable of being turned on and off to
allow the user to intermix speech with
TTY use.
(b) Telecommunications products
whic h include voice communication
functionality shall support all
commonly used cross-manufacturer
non-proprietary standard TTY signal
protocols.
(c) Voice mail, auto
-
attendant, and
interactive voice response
telecommunications systems shall be
usable by TTY users with their TTYs.
(d) Voice mail, messaging, auto
-
attendant, and interactive voice
response telecommunications systems
that require a response from a user
within a time interval, shall give an
alert when the time interval is about to
run out, and shall provide sufficient
time for the user to indicate more time
is required.
(e) Where provided, caller
identification and similar
telecommunications functions shall
also be available for users of TTYs,
and for users who cannot see displays.
(f) For transmitted voice signals,
telecommunications products shall
provide a gain adjustable up to a
minimum of 20 dB. For incremental
volume control, at least one
intermediate step of 12 dB of gain
shall be provided.
(g) If the telecommunications p
roduct
allows a user to adjust the receive
volume, a function shall be provided
to automatically reset the volume to
the default level after every use.
(h) Where a telecommunications
product delivers output by an audio
transducer which is normally held up
to the ear, a means for effective
magnetic wireless coupling to hearing
technologies shall be provided.
(i) Interference to hearing
technologies (including hearing aids,
cochlear implants, and assistive
listening devices) shall be reduced to
the lowest possible level that allows a
user of hearing technologies to utilize
the telecommunications product.
(j) Products that transmit or conduct
information or communication, shall
pass through cross-manufacturer, non-
proprietary, industry-standard codes,
translation protocols, formats or other
information necessary to provide the
information or communication in a
usable format. Technologies which
use encoding, signal compression,
format transformation, or similar
techniques shall not remove
information needed for access or shall
restore it upon delivery.
(k)(1) Products which have
mechanically operated controls or
keys shall comply with the following:
Controls and Keys shall be tactilely
discernible without activating the
controls or keys.
(
k)(2) Products which have
mechanically operated controls or
keys shall comply with the following:
Controls and Keys shall be operable
with one hand and shall not require
tight grasping, pinching, twisting of
the wrist. The force required to
activate controls and keys shall be 5
lbs. (22.2N) maximum.
(k)(3) Products which have
mechanically operated controls or
keys shall comply with the following:
If key repeat is supported, the delay
before repeat shall be adjustable to at
least 2 seconds. Key repeat rate shall
be adjustable to 2 seconds per
character.
(k)(4) Products which have
mechanically operated controls or
keys shall comply with the following:
The status of all locking or toggle
controls or keys shall be visually
discernible, and discernible either
through touch or sound.
Section 1194.24 Video and Multi-media Products - Detail
Voluntary
Product Accessibility Template
Criteria
Level of Support &
Supporting Features
Remarks and
explanations
a) All analog television displays 13
inches and larger, and computer
equipment that includes analog
television receiver or display circuitry,
shall be equipped with caption
decoder circuitry which appropriately
receives, decodes, and displays closed
captions from broadcast, cable,
videotape, and DVD signals. As soon
as practicable, but not later than July
1, 2002, widescreen digital television
(DTV) displays measuring at least 7.8
inches vertically, DTV sets with
conventional displays measuring at
least 13 inches vertically, and stand-
alone DTV tuners, whether or not they
are marketed with display screens, and
computer equipment that includes
DTV receiver or display circuitry,
shall be equipped with caption
decoder circuitry which appropriately
receives, decodes, and displays closed
captions from broadcast, cable,
videotape, and DVD signals.
(b) Television tuners, including tuner
cards for use in computers, shall be
equipped with secondary audio
program playback circuitry.
(c) All training and informational
video and multimedia productions
which support the agency's mission,
regardless of format, that contain
speech or other audio information
necessary for the comprehension of
the content, shall be open or closed
captioned.
(d) All training and informational
video and multimedia productions
which support the agency's mission,
regardless of format, that contain
visual information necessary for the
comprehension of the content, shall be
audio described.
(e) Display or presentation of alternate
text presentation or audio descriptions
shall be user-selectable unless
permanent.
Section 1194.25 Self-Contained, Closed Products - Detail
Voluntary Product Accessibility Template
Criteria
Level of Support &
Supporting Features
Remarks and
exp
lanations
(a) Self contained products shall be
usable by people with disabilities
without requiring an end-user to
attach Assistive Technology to the
product. Personal headsets for private
listening are not Assistive
Technology.
(b) When a timed resp
onse is
required, the user shall be alerted and
given sufficient time to indicate more
time is required.
(c) Where a product utilizes
touchscreens or contact-sensitive
controls, an input method shall be
provided that complies with 1194.23
(k) (1) thro ugh (4).
(d) When biometric forms of user
identification or control are used, an
alternative form of identification or
activation, which does not require the
user to possess particular biological
characteristics, shall also be provided.
(e) When
products provide auditory
output, the audio signal shall be
provided at a standard signal level
through an industry standard
connector that will allow for private
listening. The product must provide
the ability to interrupt, pause, and
restart the audio at anytime.
(f) When products deliver voice
output in a public area, incremental
volume control shall be provided with
output amplification up to a level of at
least 65 dB. Where the ambient noise
level of the environment is above 45
dB, a volume gain of at least 20 dB
above the ambient level shall be user
selectable. A function shall be
provided to automatically reset the
volume to the default level after every
use.
(g) Color coding shall not be used as
the only means of conveying
information, indicating an action,
prompting a response, or
distinguishing a visual element.
(h) When a product permits a user to
adjust color and contrast settings, a
range of color selections capable of
producing a variety of contrast levels
shall be provided.
(i) Products shall be designed to avoid
causing the screen to flicker with a
frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower
than 55 Hz.
(j) (1) Products which are
freestanding, non-portable, and
intended to be used in one location
and which have operable controls
shall comply with the following: The
position of any operable control shall
be determined with respect to a
vertical plane, which is 48 inches in
length, centered on the operable
control, and at the maximum
protrusion of the product within the
48 inch length on products which are
freestanding, non-portable, and
intended to be used in one location
and which have operable controls.
(j)(2) Products which are
freestanding, non-portable, and
intended to be used in one location
and which have operable controls
shall comply with the following:
Where any operable control is 10
inches or less behind the reference
plane, the height shall be 54 inches
maximum and 15 inches minimum
above the floor.
(j)(3) Products which are
freestanding, non-portable, and
intended to be used in one location
and which have operable controls
shall comply with the following:
Where any operable control is more
than 10 inches and not more than 24
inches behind the reference plane, the
height shall be 46 inches maximum
and 15 inches minimum above the
floor.
(j)(4) Products which are
freestanding, non-portable, and
intended to be used in one location
and which have operable controls
shall comply with the following:
Operable controls shall not be more
than 24 inches behind the reference
plane.
Section 1194.26 Desktop and Portable Computers
Criteria
Level of Support &
Sup
porting Features
Remarks and
explanations
(a) All mechanically operated
controls and keys shall comply with
1194.23 (k) (1) through (4).
(b) If a product utilizes touchscreens
or touch-operated controls, an input
method shall be provided that
complies with 1194.23 (k) (1)
through (4).
(c) When biometric forms of user
identification or control are used, an
alternative form of identification or
activation, which does not require the
user to possess particular biological
characteristics, shall also be
provided.
(d) Where provided, at least one of
each type of expansion slots, ports
and connectors shall comply with
publicly available industry standards
Section 1194.31 Functional Performance Criteria - Detail
Voluntary Product Accessibility Template
Criteria
Level of Support &
Supporting Features
Remarks and
explanations
(a) At least one mod
e of operation and
information retrieval that does not
require user vision shall be provided,
or support for Assistive Technology
used by people who are blind or
visually impaired shall be provided.
(b) At least one mode of operation and
information retrieval that does not
require visual acuity greater than
20/70 shall be provided in audio and
enlarged print output working together
or independently, or support for
Assistive Technology used by people
who are visually impaired shall be
provided.
(c)
At least one mode of operation and
information retrieval that does not
require user hearing shall be provided,
or support for Assistive Technology
used by people who are deaf or hard of
hearing shall be provided
(d) Where audio information is
important for the use of a product, at
least one mode of operation and
information retrieval shall be provided
in an enhanced auditory fashion, or
support for assistive hearing devices
shall be provided.
(e) At least one mode of operation and
information retrieval that does not
require user speech shall be provided,
or support for Assistive Technology
used by people with disabilities shall
be provided.
(f) At least one mode of operation and
information retrieval that does not
require fine motor control or
simultaneous actions and that is
operable with limited reach and
strength shall be provided.
Section 1194.41 Information, Documentation and Support -
Detail
Voluntary Product Accessibility Template
Criteria
Level of Support &
Supporting Features
Remarks and
explanations
(a) Product support documentation
provided to end-users shall be made
available in alternate formats upon
request, at no additional charge
(b) End
-
users shall have access to a
description of the accessibility and
compatibility features of products in
alternate formats or alternate methods
upon request, at no additional charge.
(c) Support services for products shall
accommodate the communication
needs of end-users with disabilities.
APPENDIX A (of the DoS VPAT/GPAT Checklist)
Suggested Language for Filling out the VPAT/GPAT
In order to simplify the task of conducting market research assessments for procurement officials or
customers, ITIC (Information Technology Industry Council) has developed suggested language for use
when filling out a VPAT/GPAT. You may choose to employ all or some of the language below. Once you
determine what language you intend to use, we recommend that use is consistent throughout all of your
VPAT/GPATs.
Supporting Features (Column 2 on VPAT/GPAT)
Supports
Use this language when you determine the product fully meets the letter and intent of the Criteria.
Partially Supports or Supports with Exceptions
Use this language when you determine the product does not fully meet the letter and intent of the Criteria,
but provides some level of access relative to the Criteria.
Supports through Equivalent Facilitation
Use this language when the product instead uses a different but equivalent or better means of meeting the EIT
accessibility Criteria.
Supports when combined with Compatible AT
Use this language when you determine the product fully meets the letter and intent of the Criteria when
used in combination with Compatible AT. For example, many software programs can provide speech
output when combined with a compatible screen reader (commonly used assistive technology for people
who are blind).
Does not Support
Use this language when you determine the product does not meet the letter or intent of the Criteria.
Not Applicable
Use this language when you determine that the Criteria do not apply to the specific product.
Not Applicable - Fundamental Alteration Exception Applies
Use this language when you determine a Fundamental Alteration of the product would be required to
meet the Criteria (see the access board standards for the definition of "fundamental alteration").
IMPAC T Ou tre ach Center
IRM Program for Accessible Computer/Communication Technology
(IMPACT)
2025 E Street , N.W. (SA-9), Office NE4026
Washington, DC 20006
Em ail:
SECT ION508@st ate.gov
Voice:
(202) 634-0315
Int ernet :
http://www.state.gov/
accessibility
Intranet :
http://impact.st at e.gov
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