J. Euthanasia: Will euthanasia be carried out?
If "Yes," provide information below. Please use the most recent AVMA panel
on euthanasia for guidance (www.AVMA.org/resources/euthanasia.pdf) Note:
cervical dislocation and decapitation without anesthesia requires scientific justification.
If "No," describe disposition of animal(s) at conclusion of the study.
(11) ALTERNATIVES TO PAINFUL PROCEDURES:
A search in at least two databases is required to determine that alternatives to painful procedures are not
available and/or are scientifically unacceptable. Database names, key words, dates searched and date
search was performed are required plus at least one additional database. For USDA covered species
(gerbils, hamsters, rabbits, cats, dogs, ruminants, pigs and primates), an Agricola
(http://agricola.nal.usda.gov/) search is required. For non-USDA covered species (rats, mice, birds),
appropriate databases may include PubMed (http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/), Norina
(http://oslovet.veths.no/NORINA/), Ovid (http://www.ovid.com/site/index.jsp?top=1), Google
(http://www.google.com/), Biosis Previews (http://www.biosis.org/ ), CAB Abstracts
(http://library.dialog.com/bluesheets/html/bl0034.html), CRIS (http://cris.csrees.usda.gov/) or others as
Key words that must be used in the search include: “alternative(s),” “pain,” species proposed (dog, cat
etc.) and experimental procedure. Other terms may be searched as applicable.
(12) TOTAL NUMBER OF ANIMALS REQUESTED FOR THE ENTIRE PROJECT PERIOD:
By law, the number of animals requested can be approved for a maximum of 3 years only, but reviews
are mandated annually.
CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMAL USAGE: The USDA requires all animal usage to be classified
according to one of the following types:
Type C: Procedures involve no pain or distress (e.g., routine blood sampling without surgery
from a superficial vein or routine injections IV, IM, subcutaneous or IP or euthanasia following
AVMA panel on euthanasia guidelines.)
Type D: Procedures involve pain or distress, but the pain is relieved by appropriate drugs (e.g.,
surgery under anesthesia with pain relieving drugs postoperatively.)