Chapter 9: United States of America 91
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Directions: For each question, write the letter of the BEST response on the line beside each question.
_______ 1. Prior to the American Revolution, what were the American colonies part of?
a. American Confederacy
b. British Empire
c. French Empire
d. Spanish Empire
_______ 2. Which of the following is not considered a “Founding Father”?
a. Abraham Lincoln
b. Benjamin Franklin
c. John Hancock
d. Thomas Jefferson
_______ 3. How did the Constitution of the United States seek to distribute power?
b. checks and balances
c. executive powers
d. state constitutions
_______ 4. What spurred the incredible population growth rate of the 19th century in the United States?
a. conquering foreign lands
b. new technologies
c. peace and prosperity
d. winning World War II
_______ 5. What was the major cause of the American Civil War?
a. British invasions
b. Native American displacement
c. slavery in the South
d. theft of lands in the West
_______ 6. Which of the following BEST describes the outcome of the American Civil War?
a. It was a small war with very little inﬂuential change.
b. It was a small war that resulted in the gaining of lands by the North.
c. It was a destructive war for both sides with thousands dead but slavery ended.
d. It was a destructive war for the Union that ended with Southern states getting most of
what they wanted.
_______ 7. Which of the following best describes the outcome of the 20th century for the United States?
a. a century of global conﬂict resulting in the loss of power
b. a century of growth in territory, resulting in over 14 new states
c. a century of global conﬂict resulting in becoming a superpower
d. a century of relative peace and prosperity resulting in becoming a superpower