The Income Tax Act No.58 of 1962 allows taxpayers who receive a
travel allowance to claim a deduction for the use of their private
vehicles for business purposes. It is important to note that travel
between your home and place of work cannot be claimed and is
regarded as private travel.
The South African Revenue Service reserves the right to audit and query the
content or information recorded by the taxpayer in any logbook.
Calculating a travel deduction if you are in receipt of a travel allowance
INTRODUCTION
It is now compulsory to keep a logbook of all your travel in which you
record your business kilometres if you want to claim a travel
deduction. The logbook must contain the following minimum
information relating to your business travel:
Date of travel
Kilometres travelled
Travel details (where to and reason for the trip)
Once you have taken down these readings and worked out your total
travel for the year, you can start calculating your travel deduction.
In order to claim a deduction, the first step is to record your vehicle’s
odometer reading on 1 March each year (the first day of the tax year
for individuals), and again on the last day of February the following
year (the last day of the tax year for individuals). The difference
between the closing and opening readings will give you your total
kilometres travelled for the year.
Without these readings, you cannot claim a tax deduction!
First you need to calculate what portion of the total kilometres
travelled was for business use.
Note: Where you used more than one vehicle in the tax year, a separate
logbook must be kept for each vehicle that was used.
Without a logbook, you will not be able to claim a travel
deduction.
1.
2.
You can calculate your claim based on the table of costs supplied
by SARS each year. You will find the cost tables which apply to the
tax year from 1 March 2019 to 29 February 2020 on the next page
of this logbook. You need not have kept an accurate record of all
your expenses simply use the costs linked to the value of your
vehicle.
Alternatively, you can calculate your claim based on the actual
costs. You will have to have kept an accurate record of all your
expenses during the year, including fuel, maintenance, lease and
insurance costs.
Please note that you must retain your logbook for a period of at least
five years as you may be required to submit it to SARS for verification of
your claim. SARS accepts electronic logbooks as an acceptable record.
Fixed Cost Table: 1 March 2019 - 29 February 2020
Rates per kilometre, which may be used in determining the
allowable deduction for business travel against an allowance or
advance where actual costs are not claimed, are determined by
using the following table:
Value of the vehicle
(including VAT) (R)
Fixed cost
(R p.a.)
Fuel cost
(c/km)
Maintenance
cost (c/km)
0 - 85 000
28 352
95.7
34.4
85 001 - 170 000
50 631
106.8
43.1
170 001 - 255 000
72 983
116.0
47.5
255 001 - 340 000
92 683
124.8
51.9
340 001 - 425 000
112 443
133.5
60.9
425 001 - 510 000
133 147
153.2
71.6
510 001 - 595 000
153 850
158.4
88.9
exceeding 595 000
153 850
158.4
88.9
Note:
80% of the travelling allowance must be included in the
employee’s remuneration for the purposes of calculating PAYE.
The percentage is reduced to 20% if the employer is satisfied
that at least 80% of the use of the motor vehicle for the tax year
will be for business purposes.
No fuel cost may be claimed if the employee has not borne the
full cost of fuel used in the vehicle and no maintenance cost may
be claimed if the employee has not borne the full cost of
maintaining the vehicle (e.g. if the vehicle is covered by a
maintenance plan).
The fixed cost must be reduced on a pro-rata basis if the vehicle
is used for business purposes for less than a full year.
The actual distance travelled during a tax year and the distance
travelled for business purposes substantiated by a log book are
used to determine the costs which may be claimed against a
travelling allowance.
Alternative simplified method:
Where an allowance or advance is based on the actual distance
travelled by the employee for business purposes, no tax is payable on an
allowance paid by an employer to an employee up to the rate of 361
cents per kilometre, regardless of the value of the vehicle.
However, this alternative is not available if other compensation in the
form of an allowance or reimbursement (other than for parking or toll
fees) is received from the employer in respect of the vehicle.
Note:
The rates in the Fixed Cost Table are adjusted periodically. The rates
in the table on this page relate only to the 2019/20 tax year, i.e. from
1 March 2019 – 29 February 2020.
Employees may also be entitled to claim a reduction on the fringe
benefit in respect business mileage travelled in motor vehicles provided
by an employer. In order to claim such a deduction, an accurate record
of mileage travelled is required. This logbook may also be used for this
purpose. The same minimum information as set out above is also
required for company cars.
Company Cars
For the rates for other tax years please visit www.sars.gov.za or call the
SARS Contact Centre on 0800 00 7277
SARS Travel Logbook
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
TOTAL
Opening kilometers at the beginning of the year of assessment
Closing kilometers at the end of the year of assessment
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
PRIMARY INFORMATION TO BE FURNISHED BY A TAXPAYER AS REQUIRED BY SARS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Kilometre Recording
Total Business
Business Travel Details
Actual Fuel & Oil
Actual Repairs &
Date
*Opening
Kilometres
*Closing
Kilometres
Kms
From
To
Reason
Costs (R)
Maintenance Costs
(R)
TOTAL
GRAND TOTAL
SARS Travel Logbook
DAILY BUSINESS TRAVEL RECORDS
*These fields are not compulsory
Always keep your SARS Travel Logbook safe and secure. Use it as a source of information when compiling your Income Tax Return (ITR12). Should you go to a SARS branch, a SARS agent
will assist you to submit your ITR12 electronically. Take your completed Travel Logbook together with all other supporting documents with. For more information visit the SARS
website www.sars.gov.za or call the SARS Contact Centre on 0800 00 7277
Lehae la SARS, 299 Bronkhorst Street, Nieuw Muckleneuk, Pretoria, 0181, Private Bag X923, Pretoria, 0001, South Africa.
Telephone: +27 12 422 4000, Fax: +27 12 422 5181, Web: www.sars.gov.za
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