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Reading a Map
Common Core RI.7
Major North American Cultural Areas of American Indians and Alaskan Natives
Atlantic
Ocean
Gulf of Mexico
Pacific
Ocean
Gulf of
Alaska
Hudson
Bay
Native Hawaiians and Alaska’s native peoples,
the Inuit and Aleut, are generally considered to
be separate groups from other Native Americans.
HI
Hawaii is not drawn to scale
or placed in its geographic position.
TX
LA
MS
AL
GA
AK
SC
WV
NC
VA
WA
UT
NV
AZ
NM
CO
ID
MT
WY
CANADA
MEXICO
SD
ND
IA
MO
KS
NE
OK
TN
AR
KY
CA
MN
WI
MI
IL
IN
OH
RI
CT
MD
Washington, D.C.
DE
NJ
VT
MA
ME
NY
PA
FL
OR
Native Americans Before Columbus
PLATEAU
NORTHWEST COAST
SUBARCTIC
SOUTHWEST
GREAT BASIN
PLAINS & PRAIRIE
ARCTIC
CALIFORNIA
NORTHEAST WOODLANDS
SOUTHEAST WOODLANDS
Major cultural areas
Cultural area divisions
State borders
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=
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PLATEAU
Key
NH
Northeast Woodlands
Groups: Iroquois (Mohawk, Onondaga,
Cayuga, Oneida, Seneca, and Tuscarora),
Potawatomi, and Shawnee
Southeast Woodlands
Groups: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw,
Creek, and Seminole
Plains & Prairie
Groups: Arapaho, Blackfoot, Cheyenne,
Comanche, Kaw, and Siou
x
Southwest
Groups: Apache, Navajo, Pima, and Hopi
Great Basin
Groups: Paiute, Shoshoni, and Ute
California
Groups: Klamath, Maidu, Miwok, and Pomo
Plateau
Groups: Cayuse, Okanagan, and Spokane
Northwest Coast
Groups: Chinook, Haida, Kwakiutl, Salish,
and Tlingit
Subarctic
Groups: Beaver, Cree, Ingalik, and Tanana
Arctic
Groups: Aleut, Inuit, and Yupik
1. Present-day Indiana (IN) is located in which cultural area?
2. True or false? During the 1800s, the Hopi lived in the Northeast Woodlands area. Explain.
3. Which cultural area is located farthest north?
Name one tribe from that area.
4. Present-day Texas (TX) was a part of which three cultural areas?
5. What other Native American groups lived in the same cultural area as the Sioux?
Native North Americans
Today, more than 500 ocially recognized American Indian groups live in the U.S. This map shows
major cultural areas in which some of the best-known American Indian and Alaskan Native groups
were living during the early 1800s. Use the map to answer the questions.
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