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Reading a Map
Common Core RI.7
Major North American Cultural Areas of American Indians and Alaskan Natives
Gulf of Mexico
Native Hawaiians and Alaska’s native peoples,
the Inuit and Aleut, are generally considered to
be separate groups from other Native Americans.
Hawaii is not drawn to scale
or placed in its geographic position.
Native Americans Before Columbus
PLAINS & PRAIRIE
Major cultural areas
Cultural area divisions
Groups: Iroquois (Mohawk, Onondaga,
Cayuga, Oneida, Seneca, and Tuscarora),
Potawatomi, and Shawnee
Groups: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw,
Creek, and Seminole
Plains & Prairie
Groups: Arapaho, Blackfoot, Cheyenne,
Comanche, Kaw, and Siou
Groups: Apache, Navajo, Pima, and Hopi
Groups: Paiute, Shoshoni, and Ute
Groups: Klamath, Maidu, Miwok, and Pomo
Groups: Cayuse, Okanagan, and Spokane
Groups: Chinook, Haida, Kwakiutl, Salish,
Groups: Beaver, Cree, Ingalik, and Tanana
Groups: Aleut, Inuit, and Yupik
1. Present-day Indiana (IN) is located in which cultural area?
2. True or false? During the 1800s, the Hopi lived in the Northeast Woodlands area. Explain.
3. Which cultural area is located farthest north?
Name one tribe from that area.
4. Present-day Texas (TX) was a part of which three cultural areas?
5. What other Native American groups lived in the same cultural area as the Sioux?
Native North Americans
Today, more than 500 ocially recognized American Indian groups live in the U.S. This map shows
major cultural areas in which some of the best-known American Indian and Alaskan Native groups
were living during the early 1800s. Use the map to answer the questions.