LITERACY AND NUMERACY
TEST FOR INITIAL TEACHER
EDUCATION STUDENTS
Literacy
Practice Test
Questions
1
Literacy and Numeracy Test for Initial Education Students
Literacy Practice Test
Test information and instructions
This is the PDF version of the online literacy practice test. Some
functionality, in the actual online test, such as the hyperlinking
discussed in tutorial question 4, is only partly simulated in this PDF.
While this is a practice test, the instructions below are based on those for the
actual online test.
You are advised to time yourself to provide the best simulation of the actual
test.
Following the Tutorial, there are 65 questions in the literacy test; you have 120
minutes to complete the test. You do not have to use the full 120 minutes. If you
have finished the literacy test earlier than the scheduled time, please indicate this to
your test supervisor who will ensure you have completed all testing
procedures. After you have logged out, you will not be able to return to the test. You
are allowed to use a pen and scrap paper. No other items are permitted in the test
room unless you have been granted reasonable adjustments.
You are now going to do a short tutorial and some literacy practice questions to help
you navigate the test. You can click on ‘Start test’ to continue.
Tutorial
1
For multiple-choice questions, you need to click on one of the options.
How many literacy questions are there?
A. 10
B. 20
C. 30
D. 65
2
2
For this type of multiple-choice question, you need to click on one option in each
row. You can change your answer by clicking on a different option. If you miss any
rows a pop-up box will alert you that the answer to the question is incomplete.
Are the statements below true or false?
Click on 'True' or 'False' for each statement.
Statement True False
For this kind of question you need to click one answer in each row. T F
The question number will change to black only if you have clicked an
option in every row.
T F
3
require you to type one word; some questions require you to type a number. You can
When you have answered a question, what colour does the box containing the
question number change to in the top panel?
The number of questions is shown in a drop down panel at the top of the screen. When
you have answered a question, the box containing the question number will change to
black. You can use the panel at the top of the screen to go back and change an answer,
or answer a question you have missed.
The questions are presented in sets with a common theme or text. The name of the set of
questions is shown underneath the panel of question numbers at the top of the screen.
For example, this set is called Tutorial. The number of questions in each set is also
shown at the start of the question prompt region. For example, Tutorial: question 1 of 4.
3
The literacy questions assess two different aspects of literacy.
Technical skills of writing questions assess spelling, grammar and syntax,
vocabulary or text organisation. These questions are based on a theme or a
short text.
Reading questions are based on longer texts. It is strongly recommended that
Some texts extend below the screen. If so, there will be a reminder at the bottom of
the screen, ‘Scroll to read more’. Use the scroll bar to read the rest of the text.
If a question refers to a specific part of the text, words in the question may be
hyperlinked to the relevant part of the text. You can click on the words in the
question and the relevant part of the text will be highlighted.
Answer the question and then click on 'Next' to continue.
4
Click on the hyperlinked words below to highlight the relevant part of the text. (In
relevant page of the text, not the specific paragraph as in the actual test, and
highlighting of the text will not be evident.)
The text strongly recommends that you do something before starting to answer the
What is strongly recommended?
A. editing the full text
C. copying the full text
D. evaluating the full text
End of Tutorial
You are about to commence the literacy practice test
4
Supporting Students
This document was produced by a primary school teacher for his colleagues after he
attended a professional development workshop.
Students with hearing or vision difficulties may require extra support in the
classroom. In some cases, this may simply mean reconfiguring seating
arrangements in class; in others, technological devices can help. Each student with
hearing or vision difficulties should be assessed individually to ensure that their
specific needs are met; it is vital that all students are given the opportunity to achieve
their full potential at school. A number of organisations are available to support
students, their families and their schools (look at the bottom of the document).
The tables below outline some of the equipment that is available to mitigate potential
problems raised by a student’s hearing or vision difficulty. Our school will need to
consider which of these we can/should provide.
Hearing
Equipment
What it does
How it can help
Things to consider
Soundfield
system
Amplifies
speech through
speakers set up
around the
room
Connects with
personal FM
systems of
students with
hearing
difficulties
Allows students
with hearing
difficulties to
hear the voice
of the teacher
and other
students clearly
Improves
communication
Reduces
background
noise
Can be
expensive
May not be
suitable for
some outdoor
areas
Benefits for all
students,
including those
with hearing
difficulties by
minimising
distractions and
increasing
focus
devices
Flash and/or
vibration
Ensures that
students are
aware of school
bells or
announcements
over PA system
May not be
practical in
outdoor areas
May be
possible to
combine with
students
mobile phones
Audio
induction
loop
(hearing
loop)
Connects audio
from a
microphone to
student’s
hearing aids via
Improves
communication,
particularly
when most
information
Can be
expensive
Highly effective
within certain
areas
5
Equipment
What it does
How it can help
Things to consider
a magnetic,
wireless signal
Requires
installation of a
loop of wire
around a
specific area
which transmits
the magnetic
signal to the
hearing aid
comes from
one
source (eg.
teacher)
Reduces
background
noise
Not all areas of
the school can
be covered
easily (eg.
some outdoor
areas)
Interactive
whiteboards
and visual
resources
Can be used
for captioned
documentaries
and online
videos
Teacher notes
can be
prepared in
from
whiteboard are
visible in class
and can also be
printed
Commonly
used/available
in classrooms
consideration
of using them
to support
particular
students is
needed
Teacher
training on
using them to
provide
information to
students with
hearing
difficulties
Not all
classrooms
have
them/some are
not working
properly
Captioning
software
Converts
teachers’
speech into text
on the student’s
computer
Provides same
classroom
information to
all students, in
a different
format
Can be
expensive
Technical
support
Accuracy of
transcription
should be
monitored
6
Vision
Equipment
What it does
How it can help
Things to consider
Large print
keyboard
May have
coloured keys
for easier
identification
Faster, more
accurate typing
Easy to install
Relatively
cheap
Portable
Computers
interactive
whiteboards
Transmits
content from
the whiteboard
to students’
laptops or
tablets;
students can
zoom in.
Students with
vision
difficulties have
information on
whiteboard
Can be
expensive
Technical
support may
change
depending on
students
devices
Magnifiers
Magnifies
writing and
images
Some can also
Particularly
useful for
images or
diagrams that
cannot be
easily
described in
words
Some provide
illumination for
use in low light
Easily portable
May not be
needed
depending on
students
digital
magnifiers and
computers
Braille
embossers
Transforms
digital text into
braille using
printer
Allows students
to produce their
own notes in
braille
Can be
expensive
Often easily
portable
Can perform
operations
other than
typing words
(eg. maths
equations)
Can be noisy
Simulation
glasses
Gives sighted
people an
impression of
how people
with visual
Allows staff and
students to gain
a better
understanding
of some
experiences of
people with
A staff activity
first; application
in classrooms
will require
more
consideration
7
Equipment
What it does
How it can help
Things to consider
difficulties see
the world
vision
difficulties
Australian Hearing: hearing.com.au
Aussie Deaf Kids: aussiedeafkids.org.au
Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children: ridbc.org.au
Vision Australia: visionaustralia.org
Australian Curriculum website: australiancurriculum.edu.au (particularly
'Students with disability' section)
Department of Education in each Australian state and territory has further
information
1
The ultimate intention of using the simulation glasses is to
A. provide all students with more engaging learning activities.
B. increase staff and student empathy towards students with vision difficulties.
C. help students with vision difficulties experience physical activities they usually
can't do.
D. minimise differences between people with vision difficulties and people
without vision difficulties.
2
According to the text, what is the main advantage of a soundfield system over an
audio induction loop system?
A. Soundfield systems are easier to maintain.
B. Soundfield systems are cheaper than audio induction loop systems.
C. Soundfield systems are easier to install than audio induction loop systems.
D. Soundfield systems can help more students than audio induction loop
systems.
3
Which of the following pieces of equipment has only advantages listed in the 'Things
to consider' column?
A. soundfield system (Hearing)
B. interactive whiteboards and visual resources (Hearing)
C. large print keyboard (Vision)
D. braille embossers (Vision)
8
4
Which information is provided in the list at the end of the text?
A. sources of further information on the topic
B. a list of professional development workshop dates for teachers
C. information on where to purchase specialist equipment
D. a list of schools with special facilities for students with hearing or vision
difficulties
9
Job Application
A number of new teachers are considering how to respond to the Selection Criteria.
Palomar Primary School
Selection Criteria
SC1 Demonstrated understanding of initiatives in student learning, including the
Principles of Learning and Teaching P-12 and Assessment and Reporting Advice,
and the capacity to implement curriculum programs consistent with their intent.
SC2 Demonstrated understanding of how students learn and ability to implement
effective classroom teaching strategies, including differentiation of learning activities
where appropriate.
SC3 Demonstrated ability to monitor and assess student learning and use data to
inform teaching for improved student learning.
SC4 Demonstrated high-level written and verbal communication skills, high-level
interpersonal skills including a capacity to develop constructive relationships with
students, parents and other staff and the ability to work with colleagues to continually
improve teaching and learning.
SC5 Demonstrated commitment and capacity to actively contribute to a broad range
of school activities and a commitment to ongoing professional reflection and learning
to enable further development of skills, expertise and teaching capacity.
For full position/role description, see the school website www.palomarps.edu.au
Applications close 5 pm, 4 November.
5
Leon will graduate from his teaching course at the end of the year. He feels positive
about most curriculum areas, but is less confident about Science, and has decided to
join the Australian Science Teachers Association, which organises conferences and
Under which Selection Criterion should Leon refer to this decision?
A. SC2
B. SC3
C. SC4
D. SC5
10
6
As part of his teaching professional experience placement, Steven, together with his
supervising teacher, conducted evaluations of students' reading skills. Based on
these results, Steven developed reading lists and selected specific literacy activities
to carry out with small groups of students.
Steven's activity in this program can best be linked to
A. a high level of interpersonal skills.
B. the ability to use data to inform teaching.
C. a commitment to ongoing professional reflection.
D. a willingness to contribute to extracurricular school activities.
11
Risk Management
The following risk management plan is for an athletics event.
Athletics Event Risk Management Plan
Description and location of excursion:
Track and field athletics event at the
Olympus Athletics Centre
Date(s) of excursion: 08/03/2019
Group/class: Years 2 - 6
Number in group/class: approx. 400
Name of excursion coordinator
: Benjamin
Simons
Contact number: 0411 123 456
Location
Hazard
Risk
assessment
(based on
matrix)
Control measures Who When
Athletics
centre
Equipment
incorrectly
stored
6
Staff
designated to
equipment
storage and
maintenance
Teachers During
Uneven
sections of
track
6
Event areas
prepared and
inspected
Teachers
Prior
and
during
General
Asthma /
anaphylaxis
1
Medical
information to
be collected
with the
permission form
Children to
bring inhalers
First aid kits to
include
epinephrine
auto-injectors
Staff trained in
emergency care
Staff and
students briefed
on location of
first aid area
Staff to use
walkie talkies or
send runners to
All
Prior
and
during
12
request medical
assistance
Animal bites
and stings*
6
Staff and
students briefed
on location of
first aid area
Teachers
and
students
Prior
and
during
Students
misbehaving
4
Staff to student
ratio must meet
the guidelines
in the Sports
and Physical
Activity in
School Safe
Conduct
Guidelines
Students
briefed on
behaviour code
of conduct
Monitor student
behaviour
Coordinator
and
students
Prior
and
during
Coach
transport
to
venue
Boarding and
disembarking
coach
6
Monitor student
behaviour Teachers During
Vehicle
accident
3
Ensure vehicle
operators hold
appropriate
licences and
insurance
Ensure
seatbelts are
worn
Coordinator
Teachers
Prior
and
during
site
Bar hitting
high jumper
3
Use straps to
prevent bar
falling onto mat
Teacher During
Students
missing the
mat
3
Only students
with prior
practice at
school may
participate
Teacher During
Students
hitting the
3
Supervising
teacher must
Teacher During
13
upright
supports
have
experience and
knowledge of
safety rules for
high jump
Long
jump site
Sand in eyes
5
Staff and
students briefed
on location of
first aid area
Teacher
Prior
and
during
Debris or
objects in
sand pit
5
Check sandpit
for debris and
raked after
each jump
Rake to put
moved away
from the sand
pit
Teacher During
Shot put
site
Shot hitting
person
4
Supervising
teacher must
have
experience and
knowledge of
safety rules for
shot put
Only students
with prior
practice at
school may
participate
No shots to be
thrown back
after
throws/puts
(must be
walked back)
Shoes must be
worn
Spectators and
other
competitors
must remain in
the safety area
Teacher During
14
Running
events
Trips and falls
4
Tracks
checked for
hazards
Hazards
removed
Teacher
Prior
and
during
Plan prepared by: Morris Lochlan
P
osition: Early Years coordinator
Date: 01/02/2019
Prepared in consultation with: School principal
Communicated to: All participating staff and volunteers
First-aid officer: Julie Mao
*If any student medical forms indicate serious allergies to animal bites and stings
then hazard may belong in the asthma/anaphylaxis section.
Risk Assessment Matrix
How severe
could an
injury be from
the hazard?
(severity)
How likely is it that the hazard will result in an incident?
(likelihood)
Very likely Likely Unlikely Very unlikely
Death or
permanent
injury
1 1 2 3
Long term
illness or injury
1 2 3 4
Medical
attention &
several days off
2 3 4 5
First aid
needed
3 4 5 6
Legend
1 and 2
Extreme risk; deal with the hazard immediately
3 and 4
Moderate risk; deal with the hazard as soon as possible
5 and 6
Low risk; deal with the hazard when able
15
Likelihood descriptor
Rating
Almost certain to occur (90% probability) or has occurred in the last year
at the school and is highly likely to occur again within 12 months.
Very
likely
Likely to occur within the next 12 months (greater than 50% probability)
or has occurred in the last year at another school.
Likely
Could occur but not likely to occur in a given year (less than 30%
probability) or has occurred within three years at the school or another
school.
Unlikely
May occur in exceptional circumstances (less than 1% probability) or has
rarely occurred within the education sector.
Very
unlikely
7
Who is responsible for first aid?
B. Julie Mao
C. Benjamin Simons
D. Morris Lochlan
8
According to the text, which of the following hazards was assessed as having the
highest risk?
A. Trips and falls
B. Bar hitting high jumper
C. Sand in eyes
D. Shot hitting person
9
Assume that the hazard Sand in eyes requires only first aid.
Which likelihood was selected in the Risk Assessment Matrix to determine the
overall Risk Assessment number for this hazard?
A. Very likely
B. Likely
C. Unlikely
D. Very unlikely
16
10
Which hazard requires control measures During but not Prior to the event?
A. Students misbehaving
B. Boarding and disembarking coach
C. Sand in eyes
D. Trips and falls
11
Who is required to have prior experience for the high jump activity?
A. only students
B. only teachers
C. students and teachers
D. students, teachers and the coordinator
12
Shading is used in the Risk Assessment Matrix to
A. group the cells by levels of risk.
B. make it easier to follow the columns and rows.
C. emphasise the numbers that represent low risk.
D. make the presentation of the information more appealing.
17
The following text presents a school’s policy regarding complaints.
Complaints Policy
Highwater Hills Secondary College
Rationale:
A collective and professional approach to handling complaints will help to build open
and trusting relationships between all members of the school community. The
process will allow for positive communication and the timely resolution of problems.
Intentions:
1. to implement a complaints process that reflects the school’s values and vision
2. to develop a complaints process in consultation with all school stakeholders
3. to implement a process that all members of the school community are aware
of and understand
Implementation:
We encourage all members of the school community to remember the following:
1. Complaints can be made to the school in writing, via telephone or in person.
Ask to speak to the Principal or to office staff. Complaints that cannot be dealt
with by school personnel will be referred to the appropriate authority.
2. The person making the complaint will be kept apprised of the progress of the
complaint at all times.
3. Details of complaints and investigations will be stored in a secure and
confidential place.
4. The school will work to minimise any adverse effects of the complaints
process, including but not limited to stress, tension within the school
community and an increased workload for staff involved in the process.
Evaluation:
This policy will be reviewed as part of the school’s three-year review cycle.
13
Below are four versions of a sentence about the policy.
Which version has the best punctuation?
A. As teachers and parents have, previously, stated it is not acceptable for new
policies simply to be announced with no possibility for input.
B. As teachers and parents have previously stated it is not acceptable, for new
policies simply to be announced with no possibility for input.
C. As teachers and parents have previously stated; it is not acceptable for new
policies simply to be announced with no possibility for input.
D. As teachers and parents have previously stated, it is not acceptable for new
policies simply to be announced with no possibility for input.
18
14
If the sentence below contains an error, correct the error by typing the word as it
should appear (type only one word); if there is no error, type N.
It is hardly necessary to reiterate that this school has a excellent record of supporting
its students.
15
In which of the four sections of the policy would the following sentence be most
appropriate?
The school’s leadership group will determine who will conduct an investigation into
the complaint.
A. Rationale
B. Intentions
C. Implementation
D. Evaluation
16
If the sentence below contains a spelling error, correct the error by typing the word
as it should appear (type only one word); if there is no error, type N.
Determining how to handle complaints can sometimes be quite a challenge and I am
sure that everyone will appresciate clarity around this.
17
A word has been left out of the following sentence.
Unfortunately, we have had _____________ responses than we were expecting.
Which one of the following words best completes the sentence?
A. less
B. fewer
C. smaller
D. insufficient
19
Indigenous Pedagogies
The following selection of short extracts is from a book chapter, titled ‘Yarning up
Indigenous pedagogies: A dialogue about eight Aboriginal ways of learning’, by
Tyson Yunkuporta and Melissa Kirby.
.....
Tyson
This chapter will be a yarn
1
rather than an essay, because this is a more appropriate
and effective way for us to share and convey this knowledge. This is because the
narrative and yarning modalities of our oral culture have been the keys to our
thinking, learning, doing, knowing and being for many thousands of years. The
western academy shouldn't have a problem with this 'written yarn' genre as an
emerging form of Indigenous academic expression. After all, their own higher
learning traditions are grounded in the same thing Plato and all those original
Greek thinkers used to write their scholarly works as dialogues. If this kind of
interface between oral and print modes is the foundation of western thought, then as
teachers and students we should engage with it, particularly in this age of
information technology when the means of communication demand this kind of
interaction once again. The fact that these western dialogical forms, both new and
ancient, are a good match with our Aboriginal yarning modalities well, that's just a
bonus.
…..
Melissa
It can be said that we all yarn in some respect at any given time; however, real and
authentic yarning usually takes place with people whom you respect and trust. It’s
overwhelming how yarning is a transformation for oneself. Often we hold these
thoughts, processes and images in our head for days just to have that one important
yarn. How is it that we can retain so much information? Looking at the eight-way
diagram for this chapter [below], the boomerang, the story-sharing element is the
starting point for memory, and for conversation in any shape or form. It works for us,
and it works for our students whom we teach.
20
The eight-way framework diagram
…..
Tyson
To begin with, this yarning way of learning belongs in the 'story sharing' part of the
diagram, which is not about Dreaming stories as token content, but our way of
sharing yarns and stories, which is a distinct pedagogy all on its own. All these eight
pedagogies they aren't about Aboriginal knowledge as content, but Aboriginal
knowledge as processes. And our key pedagogy is narrative-based. These stories
aren't just one-way either they involve substantive communication back and forth.
…..
Melissa
… These epistemologies
2
allow for self-reflection as a person, not just as an
educator. It’s not something that happens all at once there are necessary steps
and we must be patient with this process. Following protocol and local law means
you respect Country and the people who lived before us, as well as those who sit
alongside us.
…..
Tyson
People following this yarn might notice that we have spent nearly half our allotted
time/space just in establishing the yarn and situating the learning in terms of people
and place. This is our way. But it is hard to do in mainstream education, because
most of what we study is presented in a way that is disconnected from Country and
people. There is no context of land and community for all those memorisable facts
floating around in space. So I think that a good way to slow down and connect the
21
listeners or readers to this knowledge now would be to talk up 'land links' and
'community links' as pedagogies, and show how to implement them as pedagogies,
and show how to implement them as daily Aboriginal perspectives in learning. First
up, in our way, the first questions we ask are, 'Who are you and where are you
from?' This is because you can't learn or know anything without linking it relationally
to people and place that's community links and land links. So, who are these
people listening on this yarn, and where are they from? They might ask themselves
those questions.
........
Melissa
… You don’t have to understand it all right away just be looking, comparing,
thinking. Everyone can bring their own cultural perspectives alongside this eight-
ways diagram in a process which builds on identity in relation to place and people.
…..
Tyson
... A genuine Aboriginal perspective can bring Aboriginal community and place-
based learning orientations to the study of mainstream content, no matter what the
theme is. So never mind bolting-on a lesson on hunting and gathering if you are
doing a unit on food production rather, embed a local place-based approach to
learning throughout the whole unit of work.
At a basic level, you might incorporate the cultural concept of an Aboriginal sense of
direction into both teaching and classroom management. Once your students
understand directionality as a key part of Aboriginal place-based cultures, you have
an Aboriginal perspective in play every time you ask them to 'look west towards the
whiteboard', or to 'line up at the south door'. If you are teaching about crop rotation in
Britain, it really does help just to be able to point out the direction of that island to the
students, so they know they're learning about something real, from a real place.
1
Yarn means talk or chat.
2
Epistemologies means theories of knowledge.
18
Does paragraph 1 emphasise similarities between the two ideas listed in each of the
rows below?
Click on ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ for each row.
Ideas
Yes No
Y N
essay and dialogue forms
Y N
22
19
In paragraph 2, which benefit of yarning does Melissa emphasise?
A. understanding of fictional narratives
B. improved verbal skills
C. increased social standing
D. profound personal change
20
Which element from The eight-way framework diagram best relates to the last
paragraph of the text?
B. story sharing
D. symbols and images
21
At a basic level, you might incorporate the cultural concept of an Aboriginal sense of
direction into both teaching and classroom management.
Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word incorporate as it is used in
the sentence above?
A. assist
B. initiate
C. integrate
D. consolidate
23
22
The text implies that Indigenous pedagogies may be misunderstood by mainstream
educators. What kind of misunderstanding is identified?
A. confusing ancient and modern communication
B. substituting place-based learning for memorisation of facts
C. teaching Aboriginal subject matter rather than an Aboriginal approach to
learning
D. ignoring current Aboriginal practice and focusing only on hunter gatherer
24
School Expo
The following questions relate to a proposed school expo.
23
School expos are also a great opportunity to showcase your students' greatest
achievements.
Would the following phrases be preceded by 'i.e.' or 'e.g.' when added to the end of
the sentence above?
Click on 'i.e.' or 'e.g.' for each phrase.
Phrase
i.e.
e.g.
those in which they have challenged themselves to present their best efforts.
I E
photos
of the high ropes course at camp. I E
stories written and illustrated by the students themselves.
I E
24
If the sentences below contain an error, correct the error by typing the word as it
should appear (type only one word); if there is no error, type N.
It is crucial that as a staff we demonstrate a united determination to participate in this
expo. Although it would dissappoint the community not to proceed at this juncture, it
is a decision that must be confronted if we are not all totally committed to the project.
25
Duty of Care Policy
The sentences that follow relate to a school's draft duty of care policy.
25
A word has been left out of the second sentence.
A teacher’s duty of care is not restricted to school activities. The duty
_______________ applies to situations both before and after school where a teacher
can be deemed to have ‘assumed’ the teacher-student relationship.
Which one of the following words best completes the sentence?
A. also
B. rarely
C. mostly
D. conversely
26
Be alert and vigilant and intervene immediately if potentially dangerous behaviour is
observed in the playground.
The policy writer wants to encourage swift action.
To emphasise this, which word should be bolded?
B. dangerous
C. potentially
D. immediately
26
Intervention Guidelines
This diagram and the related tables describe a school's intervention guidelines for
problem behaviours.
Minor incidents
Serious incidents
Disruptive behaviour
Rudeness
Physical contact
Dishonesty
Refusal to work
Petty stealing
Cheating/plagiarism
Fighting
Bullying
Drugs/alcohol/weapons
Verbal abuse
Safety breaches
Sexual harassment
Extreme defiance of authority
Serious stealing
Possible interventions
Redirection of behaviour/focus
Verbal warning
Re-teaching of appropriate behaviour
Discussion with student
Time-out in classroom/buddy classroom
Call or note to parent/carer
27
Community service: cleaning yard/room/tuckshop/ working for teacher or
office staff
Writing apology/journal entry/reflection
Relaxation exercise/mindfulness group
Deputy Principal & Welfare Coordinator
1. Document incident at office
2. Consult student record
3. Discussion with student
4. Discussion with parent/carer
5. Provide feedback to teacher
Every day is a new beginning.
27
According to the text, if a student is involved in a fight at school, who is responsible
for informing their parent or carer?
A. the teacher
B. the student
C. the Principal
D. the Deputy Principal or Welfare Coordinator
28
According to the text, in which of the following circumstances might a student's
record be consulted?
A. The student is caught lying.
B. The student is being verbally abusive.
C. The student has refused to work on two occasions.
D. The student cheated on a test and plagiarised an essay.
29
According to the text, when should an incident of a student being rude to a teacher
be documented at the office?
A. immediately
B. when it happens three times
C. when it happens four times
D. not at all because it is a minor incident
28
30
What is the slogan Every day is a new beginning trying to encourage?
A. the idea that students can improve
B. accurate documentation at the office
C. more involvement by the Welfare Coordinator
D. careful recording of incidents by teachers
31
According to the text, when might a minor behavioural incident be escalated to
serious?
A. anytime it occurs
B. when it disrupts students
C. when three interventions have been ineffective
D. when it interrupts teacher interaction with other students
29
Mall Music
In the following passage, the narrator reflects upon his early days in Australia.
I discovered that soap operas were excellent learning aids: their plots universal and
repetitive, the histrionic acting transpicuous
1
; I could concentrate on the colloquial
dialogues. I watched the cast of Sons and Daughters squabble and The Young
Doctors flirt with the nubile nurses. I sat in front of the TV and repeated the dialogue
line by line. I copied the rhythm, the idioms and the tone. I discovered that to learn to
speak is to learn to listen.
I couldn’t formulate sentences quickly enough to converse at normal speed, so I took
to planning for a conversation like for a game of chess; the first ‘hello’ was the
opening gambit. I anticipated all the possible responses from my opponent and
devised my replies accordingly. Preparing such a script gave me the semblance of a
spontaneous speaker in common situations like asking for directions or ordering fast
food. But I was still utterly useless when talking to girls, who always came up with
startling lines that reduced me to a stammering idiot. When I did finally think of a
witty response, it was usually hours after they had left.
No English teacher in Hong Kong had ever mentioned the prosodic characteristics of
the language. It has its own distinctive pitch, melody, tempo and tones. Even
meaningful noises, like a grunt for admiration or contempt, are all different in English
and Chinese.
Curiously, dozing in a busy shopping mall helped me to tune in to this. In the never-
never land between wakefulness and sleep, vowels and consonants receded while
the musical quality of English became prominent; its intonations tintinnabulated like
glass bells, its distinct rhythm became a drumbeat I could clap to.
My relationship with English became a lot friendlier once I started to learn not just
grammar and vocabulary, but also to listen to its music.
1. Transpicuous: an uncommonly used word that means transparent, clear, or easy
to understand.
32
What aspect of soap operas allowed the narrator to improve his linguistic skills?
A. their variety
B. their intensity
C. their popularity
D. their predictability
30
33
The phrase opening gambit refers to
A. charm.
B. strategy.
C. curiosity.
D. vulnerability.
34
In paragraph 2, what does the narrator suggest was his greatest shortcoming in
conversation?
A. a lack of intellectual peers
B. the unpredictability of others
C. a shortage of interesting ideas
D. his limited knowledge of social customs
35
Which of the following phrases could replace tintinnabulated without changing the
literal meaning of the sentence?
A. were rare
B. looked a bit
D. seemed fragile
36
What is the main point made in the text about the musical quality of language?
A. It conveys mood but not meaning.
B. It varies from language to language.
C. It is present in some languages but not others.
D. It illustrates social relationships rather than meaning.
31
School Science Week
A Year 9 Science teacher is proofreading an email she intends to send to her
principal regarding her idea for an annual school ‘Science Week’.
37
I am writing to let you know that I came away from our last staff meeting quite
inspired, and have heeded what you said about not being afraid to approach you
with any ‘crazy ideas’ we may have.
Which phrase has the closest meaning to the underlined word?
A. weighed up
B. taken seriously
D. been concerned by
38
A word has been left out of the following sentence.
Over the weeks and months prior to the start of Science Week, students could
explore the theme by _____________ inquiries and developing projects.
Which word should the teacher use to complete the sentence?
A. committing
B. conducting
C. perceiving
D. reaching
39
If the sentence below contains a spelling error, correct the error by typing the
word as it should appear (type only one word); if there is no error, type N.
During Science Week, I envisage that students, where appropriate and
practicable, will exhibit their work throughout the school and even hold informal
learning sessions or hands-on demonstrations.
32
40
A word has been left out of the following sentence.
My colleagues who teach other subject areas may well be interested in making
Science Week part of their __________ education as well.
Select the word that correctly completes the sentence.
A. students
B. student's
C. students'
D. students's
33
Satisfaction and Employability
The following passage is from the Department of Education and Training Annual
Report 20172018. This extract reports on three types of tertiary education: higher
education, which is university-level study that results in the award of a degree;
vocational education and training (VET), which includes non-degree courses that
teach skills and knowledge relevant to workplaces; and, Apprenticeships and
Traineeships.
The quality of Australia's tertiary education sectors may be viewed through the
satisfaction levels of those that use it, i.e. students and employers, and ultimately the
Higher education undergraduates continue to have relatively high employability and
earnings compared to those without post-secondary qualifications, with 87 per cent
of undergraduates employed within four months of completing their degree in 2017.
This is a slight increase from 2016, which is consistent with the overall labour
market.
2017 results show that since the Global Financial Crisis it has taken graduates
longer to establish themselves in their careers, noting that graduate labour market
outcomes improved substantially over the first three years after graduation. In 2014,
67.5 per cent of undergraduates were in full-time employment four months after
found full-time work. The increase in the full-time employment rate of 21.8
percentage points in the three years following graduation is the largest ever
recorded. Coming off the low point in the graduate labour market in 2014, this
suggests that the cohort most affected by the poor graduate labour market is
recovering.
VET satisfaction results remain strong, with 87.3 per cent of 2016 graduates
surveyed by the National Centre for Vocational Research (NCVER) in 2017 satisfied
with the overall quality of the training they received, which was an increase of 1.3
percentage points from the previous year. Employment outcomes are also strong for
Throughout 201718 the department bedded down the VET Student Loans (VSL)
program, which commenced in January 2017 to replace the VET FEE-HELP
scheme. VSL offers income contingent loans to support eligible students studying
certain diploma level and above VET qualifications; it offers protection for students
and focuses on courses that address industry needs, creating better opportunities for
employment. While 63 per cent of students studying for business related reasons fell
short of the 80 per cent target in its first year, the new VSL program has led to a drop
in unscrupulous provider activity. Unit completion rates for VSL-assisted students in
2017 were more than 17 percentage points higher than the rate achieved under the
VET FEE-HELP scheme in 2016.
VET students are also supported to undertake their study through the Trade Support
Loans program, which helps eligible Australian Apprentices to meet everyday costs
while they undertake their training. In 201718, 51,920 Australian Apprentices took
up a Trade Support Loan, exceeding the target of 45,000.
34
In 2017, over 80 per cent of employers (more than 8,000) surveyed by NCVER were
satisfied that nationally recognised training provides employees with the skills they
require for the job, which has remained around this level since the last survey in
2015. While the survey identified that just under 80 per cent of employers were
satisfied with apprenticeships and traineeships, results for this measure have
historically varied. The decline between 2015 and 2017 should not be considered to
represent a trend.
The Australian Apprenticeships Incentives Program (AAIP) exceeded its target with
60,880 employers receiving payments in 201718. AAIP contributes to the
development of a highly skilled and relevant Australian workforce that supports
economic sustainability and competitiveness. It targets priority occupations and
those on the national skills needs list.
41
What does paragraph 2 associate with the increase in higher education graduates'
employment rates between 2016 and 2017?
A. improvements in course quality
B. greater student satisfaction
C. low wage growth
D. demand for workers
35
42
Are the ideas listed below implied by paragraph 3?
Click on 'Yes' or 'No' for each idea.
Idea
Yes
No
less employable than 2014 graduates. Y N
Low graduate employment rates in 2014 were
caused by the economy. Y N
All graduates may have to wait up to three years to find full-time
employment.
Y N
43
The report associates the VET Student Loans (VSL) program with an increase in
A. enrolments.
B. provider numbers.
C. student satisfaction.
D. unit completion rates.
44
While the survey identified that just under 80 per cent of employers were satisfied
with apprenticeships and traineeships, results for this measure have historically
varied. The decline between 2015 and 2017 should not be considered to represent a
trend.
This suggests that the decline between 2015 and 2017
A. was predicted.
B. is disappointing.
C. should be treated with caution.
D. is significant.
36
45
Are the statements listed below supported by the graph that accompanies the text?
Click on 'Yes' or 'No' for each statement.
Statement
Yes
No
VET graduate satisfaction levels have increased over time.
Y N
VET graduate satisfaction levels peaked in 2012.
Y N
VET graduate satisfaction levels have exceeded the target every year since
2007.
Y N
School Dance
The sentences that follow come from an article in a school magazine.
46
A word has been left out of the following sentence.
The preparation for each dance was always ____________ because Mrs Kinsella
upheld such exacting standards; everyone complained but the results spoke for
themselves.
Which one of the following words correctly completes the sentence?
A. interim
B. onerous
C. injudicious
D. impracticable
Garden club
The student president of the high school garden club is drafting the annual report. It
requires some editing.
47
If the sentence below contains an error, correct the error by typing the word as it
should appear (type only one word); if there is no error, type N.
They're has been ample evidence of our success and achievements throughout the
year.
37
Student Report
This question relates to a sample student report.
48
Jennifer sets goals and works towards them with perseverance.
Which word is closest in meaning to perseverance?
A. patience
B. resilience
C. fervour
D. persistence
38
Australian Curriculum: Illustrations of Practice
The following three illustrations of practice are from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait
Islander Histories and Cultures area of the Australian Curriculum. Some of the
Australian Curriculum elements they relate to have also been included.
These schools are participating in CSIRO's Science Pathways for Indigenous
Communities Indigenous STEM Education Project
*
. Students learn science
that links Aboriginal ecological knowledge through on-Country and
classroom projects to the Australian Curriculum: Science. This approach to
teaching is referred to as Two-way Science and provides a context for delivering the
Australian Curriculum: Science.
Illustrations of practice
Watiyawanu School
Mt Liebig School is a Northern Territory government school located in a remote
community 325 km west of Alice Springs on the traditional lands of the Pintupi-Luritja
people. It has an enrolment of 60 students, of whom 100% are Aboriginal.
In this illustration, Years 3 to 6 students learn to recognise plants from a number of
habitats near their community. They learn the Luritja names and traditional uses of
these plants. They learn that the plants can be grouped in particular ways, and that
Western science and Luritja ecological knowledge groupings are different. Students
learn how to collect and label pressed specimens of plants for a herbarium and begin
to understand how plant adaptations have helped them survive in their environment.
Wiluna Remote Community School
Wiluna is situated in the mid-west region of Western Australia on the edge of the
Western Desert. Wiluna Remote Community School has a population of between 70
and 105 students. Most students are Wiluna Martu and the Aboriginal language of
the area is Martu Wangka. However, most Martu at Wiluna speak Aboriginal English.
Wiluna School also has students of both Fijian and Tongan ethnic origins.
In this illustration of practice, Years 2-4 students learn about the nganamarra
(malleefowl), where it lives, how it builds its nests, and how to tell the difference
between the tracks of the nganamarra, kalaya (emu) and patarta (bush turkey). The
on-Country learning and classroom follow-up connect Aboriginal knowledge with the
Australian Curriculum: Science.
Leonora
Leonora District High School is a Foundation to Year 12 government school located
in the remote mining community of Leonora which is 840 kms north-east of Perth in
Western Australia on the traditional lands of the Wankatja people. It has an
enrolment of 97 students, of whom 73% are Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander.
In Leonora community, cultural organisations bring traditional and cultural
knowledge, and work alongside staff at the school, particularly local Aboriginal staff,
to help make the curriculum relevant and engaging for students. It is a process of
collaboration, cross-cultural communication and engagement. The result of this
collaboration is that new ideas are introduced to students through a cross-cultural
39
lens so they become comfortable with the curriculum that is being taught to achieve
learning outcomes.
In this illustration, educators from three composite classes (Years 1-2, Years 3-4 and
Years 7-10) help to develop students’ science inquiry skills through an investigation
of an invertebrate and the Mamutjitji Dreaming story. Mamutjitji is a Ngalia language
name for an invertebrate also known as the antlion, the larval form of the lacewing
fly.
Students:
1. learn about the Mamutjitji, its life cycle, its environment and feeding habits
2. connect the antlion trap to the use of pit traps and use these traps to explore,
identify and assess ground-invertebrate biodiversity in different habitats
3. connect the study of invertebrates to traditional practices of collecting Yililtu
(honey ants) and Lungki (bardi grubs)
4. engage in committing learning to memory through visualisation and
performance of traditional Ngalia Mamutjiitji song.
Australian curriculum elements
Learning Area Content
The following information provides the relevant Content Description/s (in italics)
followed by the Elaboration/s from the Australian Curriculum: Science. Some
connect across Year levels.
Science understanding
Living things can be grouped on the basis of observable features and can be
distinguished from non-living things (ACSSU044) | Investigating Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander peoples’ systems of classifying living things and how these
systems differ from those used by contemporary science | recognising Aboriginal
and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ use of observable feature
s to group living things
(Year 3)
Living things have structural features and adaptations that help them to survive in
their environment (ACSSU043) | Investigating Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
peoples’ knowledge of the adaptations of certain species and how those
adaptations can be exploited (Year 5)
Science inquiry skills
Represent and communicate observations and ideas in a variety of ways
(ACSIS029) (Year 1) | Acknowledging and learning about Aboriginal and Torres
Strait Islander peoples’ ways of representing and sharing observations
With guidance, pose questions to clarify practical problems or inform a scientific
investigation, and predict what the findings of an investigation might be (ACSIS231)
| Acknowledging and using information from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
5)
Science as a human endeavour
Scientific knowledge is used to solve problems and inform personal and community
decisions (ACSHE083) | Investigating how Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
40
peoples’ traditional ecological and zoological knowledge informs sustainable
harvesting practices of certain species, such as dugongs and turtles (Year 5)
* While this project is focused on regional and remote communities, it is important to
note that most Indigenous students are enrolled in urban schools.
49
The main aim of paragraph 1 is to
A. provide a context for the text.
B. illustrate the ideas in the text.
C. give an example of the practices described in the text.
D. describe how the Australian Curriculum was developed.
50
Are the details listed below included in the second illustration of practice (Wiluna)?
Click on 'Yes' or 'No' for each detail.
Detail
Yes No
s
tudents' year levels Y N
the language spoken by the students
Y N
the geographic location of the school
Y N
51
Do the illustrations of practice listed below mention the study of animals?
Click on 'Yes' or 'No' for each illustration of practice.
Yes No
Y N
Y N
Illustration of practice
Watiyawanu
Wiluna
Leonora Y N
41
Memories of Teachers
The following passage is an extract from Coming of Age as a Mexican American
Woman by Frances Esquibel Tywoniak and Mario T.García.
I especially remember my English classes with great affection. Part of my excitement
1
English teacher, for
example, was very lively. She was a round-faced twinkle-eyed woman who seemed
to care about her students. For instance, she noticed that at first my mind would
sometimes wander. I would daydream a bit because I was still getting over Peter.
When she observed this, she would gently bring me back to reality in some
wonderful creative way without making me feel guilty. 'If I could just have your
attention, Frances,' she might say. Startled out of some reverie, I would look in her
direction to find a knowing but gentle look of understanding on her face. Her smile
In this way she won my trust and thereby won me over to her love of literature. In her
class, Shakespeare came alive. Portia was a real person. So was Shylock. Even
grammar was exciting. Grammar clarified and refined language. There was a reason
language.
I found that I was responding to both close teacher direction and to being given
latitude to work on my own. One teacher to whom I responded very well and whom I
very much admired was Miss Julien, another one of my English teachers. She was
rumoured to be a Communist. I didn’t know what a Communist was. What I did know
was that she was a wonderful teacher. She ran her classes very differently. She
would have us do our work independently and look up the answers and figure things
out on our own. She didn’t spoon-feed us. Grammar drill sheets with correct answers
didn’t count.
'Teach yourselves,' she would say. 'Learn how to learn.'
She wanted to know what we were thinking. What counted, she said, was our ability
to write with clarity.
I responded to her encouragement, as did the other students. There was no fooling
around in Miss Julien’s class.
1
Freshman is a reference to the author's first year of high school.
52
In paragraph 1, what problem did the narrator's English teacher help her with?
A. concentration
B. over-excitement
C. a personal relationship
D. other students distracting her
42
53
How did the English teacher first win the narrator's trust?
A. with persuasion
B. with understanding
C. by insisting on compliance
D. by treating everyone equally
54
In paragraph 2, what made grammar exciting for the narrator?
A. learning its history
B. competing with classmates
C. using it to impress her teacher
D. learning how it improved expression
55
Grammar drill sheets with correct answers didn't count.
Miss Julien adopted this approach because she
A. did not believe in only one right answer.
B. did not believe in traditional grammatical rules.
C. thought books were more accurate than drill sheets.
D. wanted students to work things out for themselves.
56
Which of the following aspects did Miss Julien most value in her students' writing?
A. a literary tone
B. clear meaning
C. a flamboyant style
D. grammatical correctness
57
Historic literature and grammar are both discussed in the same paragraph.
Which interpretation of why they are discussed together is most in keeping with the
narrator's opinions?
A. Both are a luxury.
B. Both are unnecessary.
C. Both can be considered difficult or dull by students.
D. Both are usually taught later in high school.
43
Activity Brainstorm
A group of young people is coming up with ideas for possible activities that their local
youth group will organise later in the year.
The young people's ideas so far are written out below.
1. Outdoor Activities
o high ropes course
o bushwalking
o kayaking
2. Sporting Activities
o lightning carnival
o charity fun run
3. Cultural Activities
o art exhibition
o play or musical
o time capsule
58
The young people have thought of three new activities:
tree planting
volunteering at a local retirement home
litter collecting
Which of the following headings would be appropriate for these activities?
A. Environmental Activities
B. Community Service Activities
C. Fundraising Activities
D. Physical Activities
59
The local council provides small grants to community groups and the youth group is
writing to the council to apply for one of these grants.
Which word in the following paragraph of the application needs to be changed?
Our youth group is proposing to organise an activity later this year. We are making
an application for this grant because our group will not be able to bare the cost alone
A. proposing
B. application
C. bare
D. financial
44
60
If the sentence below contains a spelling error, correct the error by typing the word
as it should appear (type one word only); if there is no error, type N.
We sincerly hope that you will consider our proposal because we think it will have
many benefits for our youth group and the entire community.
45
The School and Society
This passage by John Dewey, a philosopher and educational reformer, was first
published in 1900.
Some years ago I was looking about the school supply stores in the city, trying to
find desks and chairs which seemed thoroughly suitable from all points of view
artistic, hygienic, and educationalto the needs of the children. We had a good deal
of difficulty in finding what we needed, and finally one dealer, more intelligent than
the rest, made this remark: 'I am afraid we have not what you want. You want
something at which the children may work; these are all for listening.' That tells the
story of the traditional education. If we put before the mind’s eye the ordinary
schoolroom, with its rows of ugly desks placed in geometrical order, desks almost all
of the same size, with just space enough to hold books, pencils and paper, and add
a table, some chairs, the bare walls, and possibly a few pictures, we can reconstruct
the only educational activity that can possibly go on in such a place. It is all made 'for
listening'for simply studying lessons out of a book is only another kind of listening;
it marks the dependency of one mind upon another. The attitude of listening means,
comparatively speaking, passivity.
There is very little place in the traditional schoolroom for the child to work. The
workshop, the laboratory, the materials, the tools with which the child may construct,
create, and actively inquire, and even the requisite space, have been for the most
part lacking. They are what the educational authorities who write editorials in the
daily papers generally term 'fads' and 'frills.'
We can also examine the uniformity of method and curriculum. If everything is on a
'listening' basis, you can have uniformity of material and method. There is next to no
opportunity for adjustment to varying capacities and demands.
It is in response to this approach that the curriculum has been developed from the
elementary school up through the college. There is just so much desirable
knowledge, and there are just so many needed technical accomplishments in the
world. Then comes the mathematical problem of dividing this by the six, twelve, or
sixteen years of school life. Now give the children every year just the proportionate
fraction of the total, and by the time they have finished they will have mastered the
whole.
If we take an example from an ideal home, where the parent is intelligent enough to
recognize what is best for the child, and is able to supply what is needed, we find the
child learning through the activity of the family. Inquiries arise, topics are discussed,
and the child continually learns. The child participates in the household occupations,
and thereby gets habits of industry, order, and regard for the rights and ideas of
others, and the fundamental habit of subordinating his activities to the general
interest of the household. Participation in these household tasks becomes an
opportunity for gaining knowledge. The ideal home would naturally have a workshop
where the child could work out his constructive instincts. The life of the child would
extend out of doors to the garden, surrounding fields, and forests.
Now, if we generalize all of this, we have the ideal school. There is no mystery about
it, no wonderful discovery of pedagogy or educational theory. It is simply a question
of doing systematically and in a large, intelligent, and competent way what for
various reasons can be done in most households only in a comparatively meagre
46
and haphazard manner. In the first place, the ideal home has to be enlarged. The
child must be brought into contact with more adults and more children in order that
there may be the freest and richest social life. Moreover, the occupations and
relationships of the home environment are not specially selected for the growth of
the child. Hence the need of a school. Learning?certainly, but living primarily, and
learning through and in relation to this living. When we take this approach, we do not
find that the child is primarily a listening being; quite the contrary.
He is already running over, spilling over, with activities of all kinds. He is not a purely
latent being whom the adult has to approach with great skill in order gradually to
draw out some hidden germ of activity. The child is already intensely active.
61
According to the text, do schools have the advantages listed below over a home
learning environment?
Click on 'Yes' or 'No' for each advantage.
Yes
No
a primary focus on children's development
Y N
a more systematic approach to learning
Y N
more opportunities for students to develop habits of organisation and hard
work
Y N
62
Are the writer's views about uniformity in education consistent with the statements
listed below?
Click on 'Yes' or 'No' for each statement.
Statement
Yes
No
Y N
Uniformity emphasises knowledge
at the expense of exploration. Y N
Uniformity is the best way to achieve equality of learning opportunities
between students.
Y N
47
63
The writer presents the traditional approach to education as
A. idealistic.
B. formulaic.
C. responsive.
D. hypocritical.
64
Paragraph 5 describes a process of education that the writer would probably view as
A. no different in essence to school.
B. confusing.
C. grounded in common sense.
D. conscientious but misguided.
65
In this text, the writer
A. defends the wisdom of allowing children to choose how they spend their day.
B. questions the need for specially trained teachers to provide education for
children.
C. argues that teachers and other adults rarely have the necessary skills to
educate children properly.
D. rejects the idea that children's natural abilities can only be realised through