Speech Development is the way the speaker puts ideas together so the audience can understand them. The speech is structured
around a purpose, and this structure must include an opening, body and con clusion. A good speech immediately engages the
audience’s attention and then moves forward toward a sig niﬁcant conclusion. This development of the speech structure is supported
by relevant examples and illustrations, facts and ﬁgures, delivered with such smoothness that they blend into the framework of the
speech to present the audience with a uniﬁed whole.
Eﬀectiveness is measured in part by the audience’s reception of the speech, but a large part is your subjective judgement of how the
speech came across. You should ask yourself such questions as “Was I able to determine the speaker’s purpose?” “Did the speech relate
directly to that purpose?” “Was the audience’s interest held by the speaker?” “Was this speech subject appropriate for this particular
Speech Value justiﬁes the act of speaking. The speaker has a responsibility to say something meaningful and original to the audience.
The listeners should feel the speaker has made a contribution to their thinking. The ideas should be important ones, although this does
not preclude a humorous presentation of them.
Physical presentation of a speech carries part of the responsibility for eﬀective communication. The speaker’s appearance should
reinforce the speech, whether profound, sad, humorous or instructional. Body language should support points through gestures,
expressions and body positioning. The speaker makes eﬀective use of and stays within the designated speaking area.
Voice is the sound that carries the message. It should be ﬂexible, moving from one pitch level to another for emphasis, and should have
a variety of rate and volume. A good voice can be clearly heard and the words easily understood.
Manner is the indirect revelation of the speaker’s real self as the speech is delivered. The speaker should speak with enthusiasm and
assurance, showing interest in the audience and conﬁdence in their reactions.
Appropriateness of language refers to the choice of words that relate to the speech purpose and to the particular audience hearing
the speech. Language should promote clear understanding of thoughts and should ﬁt the occasion precisely.
Correctness of language ensures that attention will be directed toward what the speaker says, not how it is said. Proper use of
grammar and correct pronunciation will show that the speaker is the master of the words being used.
Judge’s Code of Ethics
1. Judges will demonstrate the utmost objectivity. Judges will consciously avoid bias of any kind in selecting ﬁrst, second, and third
place contestants. Judges will not consider any contestant’s club, Area, Division, District, or region aﬃliation. Judges will not consider
any contestant’s age, sex, race, creed, national origin, disability, profession, or political beliefs.
2. Judges will not time the speeches and will not consider the possibility of undertime or overtime when judging a contestant’s speech.
3. Judges will support by word and deed the contest rules and judging standards, refrain from public criticism of the contest, and only
reveal participation as a judge, selected scores, and the ranking assigned in accordance with speech contest rules.
4. Judges will not be a member of the same club as any contestant when judging at the Division, District, region quarterﬁnal, semiﬁnal,
and ﬁnal levels.
5. Judges will have no conﬂict of interest with any of the contestants that would cause bias.
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Item 1172 Rev. 10/2020