Form 203—General Information
(Certificate of Formation – Professional Corporation)
The attached form is drafted to meet minimal statutory filing requirements pursuant to the relevant code
provisions. This form and the information provided are not substitutes for the advice and services of an
attorney and tax specialist.
A professional corporation is a corporation that is formed for the purpose of providing a professional
service that by law a for-profit or nonprofit corporation is prohibited from rendering. A “professional
service” means any type of service that requires, as a condition precedent to the rendering of the service,
the obtaining of a license in this state. A professional corporation is governed by title 1, chapters 20 and
21 of title 2, and chapters 301 and 303 of title 7 of the Texas Business Organizations Code (BOC). Title
1, chapter 3, subchapter A of the BOC governs the formation of a professional corporation and sets forth
the provisions required or permitted to be contained in the certificate of formation.
Title 7, chapter 301 establishes certain restrictions and requirements regarding ownership and
management of a professional corporation. Only a professional individual licensed to practice the same
professional service as the professional corporation may be a governing person or managerial official of
a professional corporation. Also note that a professional corporation cannot be formed for the practice
of medicine (BOC § 301.003(3)). If the purpose of the entity is to provide medical services, the
professional may form either a professional association or a professional limited liability company.
Taxes: Professional corporations are subject to a state franchise tax. Contact the Texas Comptroller of
Public Accounts, Tax Assistance Section, Austin, Texas, 78774-0100, (512) 463-4600 or (800) 252-
1381 for franchise tax information. For information relating to federal employer identification numbers,
federal income tax filing requirements, tax publications and forms call (800) 829-3676 or visit the
Internal Revenue Service web site at
Instructions for Form
Article 1—Entity Name and Type: Provide a corporate name and organizational designation.
Under section 5.053 of the BOC, if the name chosen is the same as, deceptively similar to, or similar
to the name of any existing domestic or foreign filing entity, or any name reservation or registration
filed with the secretary of state, the document cannot be filed. The administrative rules adopted for
determining entity name availability (Texas Administrative Code, title 1, part 4, chapter 79,
subchapter C) may be viewed at If you wish the secretary of
state to provide a preliminary determination on name availability, you may call (512) 463-5555, dial
7-1-1 for relay services, or e-mail your name inquiry to A final
determination cannot be made until the document is received and processed by the secretary of state.
Do not make financial expenditures or execute documents based on a preliminary clearance. Also
note that the preclearance of a name or the issuance of a certificate of formation under a name does
not authorize the use of a name in violation of another person’s rights to the name.
Pursuant to section 5.060 of the BOC, the name of a professional entity must not be contrary to a
statute or regulation that governs a person who provides a professional service through the
professional entity, including a rule of professional ethics. Contact the state agency or examining
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Form 203
board exercising control over the profession to determine whether the name chosen complies with
statutory and regulatory requirements governing the profession.
Article 2—Registered Agent and Registered Office: The registered agent can be either (option A)
a domestic entity or a foreign entity that is registered to do business in Texas or (option B) an
individual resident of the state. The corporation cannot act as its own registered agent; do not enter
the corporate name as the name of the registered agent.
Consent: Effective January 1, 2010, a person designated as the registered agent of an entity must
have consented, either in a written or electronic form, to serve as the registered agent of the entity.
Although consent is required, a copy of the person’s written or electronic consent need not be
submitted with the certificate of formation. The liabilities and penalties imposed by sections 4.007
and 4.008 of the BOC apply with respect to a false statement in a filing instrument that names a
person as the registered agent of an entity without that person’s consent. (BOC § 5.207)
Office Address Requirements: The registered office address must be located at a street address
where service of process may be personally served on the entity’s registered agent during normal
business hours. Although the registered office is not required to be the entity’s principal place of
business, the registered office may not be solely a mailbox service or telephone answering service
(BOC § 5.201).
Article 3—Directors: This form is not drafted for use in forming a close corporation or a
corporation that is to be managed by a shareholders agreement. A minimum of one director is
required. A director must be a natural person who is licensed to provide the same professional
service to be rendered by the professional corporation; there are no residency requirements for
Set forth the name of the individual in the format specified. Do not use prefixes (e.g., Mr., Mrs.,
Ms.). Use the suffix box only for titles of lineage (e.g., Jr., Sr., III) and not for other suffixes or titles
(e.g., JD, RN, Ph.D.).
Please note that a document on file with the secretary of state is a public record that is subject to public
access and disclosure. When providing address information for directors, use a business or post office
box address rather than a residence address if privacy concerns are an issue.
Article 4—Authorized Shares: Shares represent ownership interest in the corporation. The total
number of shares that the corporation will have authority to issue must be provided in article 4.
Select and complete option A if the shares are to have a stated par value or select option B if the
shares are without a stated par value.
Option A—Par Value: “Par value” means the stated dollar amount assigned to a share. In general
terms, it represents the minimum stated amount for which each share shall be issued. For example,
if the corporation has authorized a total of 1,000 shares of common stock of $1 par value and if
payment for the share is to be made in cash, the corporation must receive at least $1 for each share
issued. Do not state that the shares have $0 par value if the shares are to be without a stated par
value (i.e., option B).
Option B—No Par Value: Shares that are designated as having no par value may be issued for an
amount of consideration determined by the board of directors.
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Article 5—Purpose: The certificate of formation of a professional corporation must state the type
of professional service to be provided by the professional entity. Pursuant to section 2.004 of the
BOC, a professional entity may engage in only one type of professional service, unless the entity is
expressly authorized to provide more than one type of professional service under state law regulating
the professional services.
Joint Practice by Certain Professionals: Pursuant to section 301.012 of the BOC, professionals,
other than physicians, engaged in related mental health fields such as psychology, clinical social
work, licensed professional counseling, and licensed marriage and family therapy may form a
professional corporation that is jointly owned by those practitioners to perform professional services
that fall within the scope of practice of those practitioners.
The state agencies exercising regulatory control over professions to which the joint practice
provisions apply continue to exercise regulatory authority over their respective licenses.
Supplemental Provisions/Information: Additional space has been provided for additional text to
an article within this form or to provide for additional articles to contain optional provisions.
Duration: Pursuant to section 3.003 of the BOC, a Texas professional corporation exists
perpetually unless provided otherwise in the certificate of formation. If formation of a corporation
with a stated period of duration is desired, use the “Supplemental Provisions/Information” section of
this form to provide for a limited duration.
Organizer: Only one organizer is required for the formation of a professional corporation. An
organizer may be any person having the capacity to contract for the person or for another; that is, a
natural person 18 years of age or older, or a corporation or other legal entity. There are no residency
requirements for an organizer. The organizer is not required to be licensed to perform the
professional service for which the entity is formed.
Effectiveness of Filing: A certificate of formation becomes effective when filed by the secretary of
state (option A). However, pursuant to sections 4.052 and 4.053 of the BOC the effectiveness of the
instrument may be delayed to a date not more than ninety (90) days from the date the instrument is
signed (option B). The effectiveness of the instrument also may be delayed on the occurrence of a
future event or fact, other than the passage of time (option C). If option C is selected, you must state
the manner in which the event or fact will cause the instrument to take effect and the date of the 90
day after the date the instrument is signed. In order for the certificate to take effect under option C,
the entity must, within ninety (90) days of the filing of the certificate, file with the secretary of state
a statement regarding the event or fact pursuant to section 4.055 of the BOC.
On the filing of a document with a delayed effective date or condition, the computer records of the
secretary of state will be changed to show the filing of the document, the date of the filing, and the
future date on which the document will be effective or evidence that the effectiveness was
conditioned on the occurrence of a future event or fact. In addition, at the time of such filing, the
status of the entity will be shown as “in existence” on the records of the secretary of state.
Execution: The organizer must sign the certificate of formation, but it does not need to be notarized.
However, before signing, please read the statements on this form carefully. The designation or
appointment of a person as registered agent by an organizer is an affirmation that the person named
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in the certificate of formation has consented to serve in that capacity. (BOC § 5.2011, effective
January 1, 2010)
A person commits an offense under section 4.008 of the BOC if the person signs or directs the filing
of a filing instrument the person knows is materially false with the intent that the instrument be
delivered to the secretary of state for filing. The offense is a Class A misdemeanor unless the
person’s intent is to harm or defraud another, in which case the offense is a state jail felony.
Payment and Delivery Instructions: The filing fee for a certificate of formation for a professional
corporation is $300. Fees may be paid by personal checks, money orders, LegalEase debit cards, or
American Express, Discover, MasterCard, and Visa credit cards. Checks or money orders must be
payable through a U.S. bank or financial institution and made payable to the secretary of state. Fees
paid by credit card are subject to a statutorily authorized convenience fee of 2.7 percent of the total
Submit the completed form in duplicate along with the filing fee. The form may be mailed to P.O.
Box 13697, Austin, Texas 78711-3697; faxed to (512) 463-5709; or delivered to the James Earl
Rudder Office Building, 1019 Brazos, Austin, Texas 78701. If a document is transmitted by fax,
credit card information must accompany the transmission (Form 807). On filing the document, the
secretary of state will return the appropriate evidence of filing to the submitter together with a file-
stamped copy of the document, if a duplicate copy was provided as instructed.
FYI: A corporation is required to maintain a registered agent and a registered office address in
Texas. If the registered agent or registered office address changes, it is important to file a statement
with the secretary of state to effect a change to the certificate of formation. Failure to maintain a
registered agent and registered office may result in the involuntary termination of the corporation. In
addition, section 21.802 of the BOC provides a penalty for the failure to timely file a statement of
change of registered office or registered agent with the secretary of state. To be timely, the filing
must be made by the corporation before the 30
day after the change.
Revised 05/11
Form 203
Form 203
(Revised 05/11)
This space reserved for office use.
Submit in duplicate to:
Secretary of State
P.O. Box 13697
Austin, TX 78711-3697
512 463-5555
FAX: 512/463-5709
Filing Fee: $300
Certificate of Formation
Professional Corporation
Article 1 Entity Name and Type
The filing entity being formed is a professional corporation. The name of the entity is:
The name must contain the word “corporation,” “company,” “incorporated,” “limited,” “professional corporation” or an abbreviation of
one of these terms.
Article 2 – Registered Agent and Registered Office
(See instructions. Select and complete either A or B and complete C.)
A. The initial registered agent is an organization (cannot be entity named above) by the name of:
B. The initial registered agent is an individual resident of the state whose name is set forth below:
First Name M.I. Last Name Suffix
C. The business address of the registered agent and the registered office address is:
Street Address City State
Zip Code
Article 3 – Directors
(A minimum of 1 director is required.)
The number of directors constituting the initial board of directors and the names and addresses of the
person or persons who are to serve as directors until the first annual meeting of shareholders’ or until
their successors are elected and qualified are as follows:
Director 1
First Name M.I. Last Name Suffix
Street or Mailing Address City State Zip Code Country
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Director 2
First Name M.I. Last Name Suffix
Street or Mailing Address City State Zip Code Country
Director 3
First Name M.I. Last Name Suffix
Street or Mailing Address City State Zip Code Country
Article 4 – Authorized Shares
(Provide the number of shares in the space below, then select option A or option B, do not select both.)
The total number of shares the corporation is authorized to issue is
A. The par value of each of the authorized shares is
B. The shares shall have no par value
If the shares are to be divided into classes, you must set forth the designation of each class, the number of shares of each class, the par
value (or statement of no par value), and the preferences, limitations, and relative rights of each class in the space provided for
supplemental information on this form.
Article 5 – Purpose
(Certain restrictions and limitations apply. See instructions.)
The type of professional service to be provided by the professional entity is:
Supplemental Provisions/Information
Text Area: [The attached addendum, if any, is incorporated herein by reference.]
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The name and address of the organizer:
Street or Mailing Address City State Zip Code
Effectiveness of Filing (Select either A, B, or C.)
A. This document becomes effective when the document is filed by the secretary of state.
B. This document becomes effective at a later date, which is not more than ninety (90) days from
the date of signing. The delayed effective date is:
C. This document takes effect upon the occurrence of a future event or fact, other than the
passage of time. The 90
day after the date of signing is:
The following event or fact will cause the document to take effect in the manner described below:
The undersigned affirms that the person designated as registered agent has consented to the
appointment. The undersigned signs this document subject to the penalties imposed by law for the
submission of a materially false or fraudulent instrument and certifies under penalty of perjury that the
undersigned is authorized to execute the filing instrument.
Signature of organizer
Printed or typed name of organizer