INSTRUCTIONS TO PRINTERS
FORM W-9, PAGE 2 of 4
MARGINS: TOP 13 mm (
⁄ 2"), CENTER SIDES. PRINTS: HEAD to HEAD
PAPER: WHITE WRITING, SUB. 20. INK: BLACK
FLAT SIZE: 216 mm (8
⁄ 2") 3 279 mm (11")
Form W-9 (Rev. 10-2007)
Sole proprietor. Enter your individual name as shown on your
income tax return on the “Name” line. You may enter your
business, trade, or “doing business as (DBA)” name on the
“Business name” line.
TO BE REMOVED BEFORE PRINTING
DO NOT PRINT — DO NOT PRINT — DO NOT PRINT — DO NOT PRINT
Other entities. Enter your business name as shown on required
federal tax documents on the “Name” line. This name should
match the name shown on the charter or other legal document
creating the entity. You may enter any business, trade, or DBA
name on the “Business name” line.
If the account is in joint names, list first, and then circle, the
name of the person or entity whose number you entered in Part I
of the form.
5. You do not certify to the requester that you are not subject
to backup withholding under 4 above (for reportable interest and
dividend accounts opened after 1983 only).
Certain payees and payments are exempt from backup
withholding. See the instructions below and the separate
Instructions for the Requester of Form W-9.
Civil penalty for false information with respect to
withholding. If you make a false statement with no reasonable
basis that results in no backup withholding, you are subject to a
Criminal penalty for falsifying information. Willfully falsifying
certifications or affirmations may subject you to criminal
penalties including fines and/or imprisonment.
Failure to furnish TIN. If you fail to furnish your correct TIN to a
requester, you are subject to a penalty of $50 for each such
failure unless your failure is due to reasonable cause and not to
Misuse of TINs. If the requester discloses or uses TINs in
violation of federal law, the requester may be subject to civil and
If you are an individual, you must generally enter the name
shown on your income tax return. However, if you have changed
your last name, for instance, due to marriage without informing
the Social Security Administration of the name change, enter
your first name, the last name shown on your social security
card, and your new last name.
If you are exempt from backup withholding, enter your name as
described above and check the appropriate box for your status,
then check the “Exempt payee” box in the line following the
business name, sign and date the form.
4. The IRS tells you that you are subject to backup
withholding because you did not report all your interest and
dividends on your tax return (for reportable interest and
dividends only), or
3. The IRS tells the requester that you furnished an incorrect
2. You do not certify your TIN when required (see the Part II
instructions on page 3 for details),
You will not be subject to backup withholding on payments
you receive if you give the requester your correct TIN, make the
proper certifications, and report all your taxable interest and
dividends on your tax return.
1. You do not furnish your TIN to the requester,
What is backup withholding? Persons making certain payments
to you must under certain conditions withhold and pay to the
IRS 28% of such payments. This is called “backup withholding.”
Payments that may be subject to backup withholding include
interest, tax-exempt interest, dividends, broker and barter
exchange transactions, rents, royalties, nonemployee pay, and
certain payments from fishing boat operators. Real estate
transactions are not subject to backup withholding.
Payments you receive will be subject to backup
If you are a nonresident alien or a foreign entity not subject to
backup withholding, give the requester the appropriate
completed Form W-8.
Example. Article 20 of the U.S.-China income tax treaty allows
an exemption from tax for scholarship income received by a
Chinese student temporarily present in the United States. Under
U.S. law, this student will become a resident alien for tax
purposes if his or her stay in the United States exceeds 5
calendar years. However, paragraph 2 of the first Protocol to the
U.S.-China treaty (dated April 30, 1984) allows the provisions of
Article 20 to continue to apply even after the Chinese student
becomes a resident alien of the United States. A Chinese
student who qualifies for this exception (under paragraph 2 of
the first protocol) and is relying on this exception to claim an
exemption from tax on his or her scholarship or fellowship
income would attach to Form W-9 a statement that includes the
information described above to support that exemption.
Note. You are requested to check the appropriate box for your
status (individual/sole proprietor, corporation, etc.).
4. The type and amount of income that qualifies for the
exemption from tax.
5. Sufficient facts to justify the exemption from tax under the
terms of the treaty article.
Nonresident alien who becomes a resident alien. Generally,
only a nonresident alien individual may use the terms of a tax
treaty to reduce or eliminate U.S. tax on certain types of income.
However, most tax treaties contain a provision known as a
“saving clause.” Exceptions specified in the saving clause may
permit an exemption from tax to continue for certain types of
income even after the payee has otherwise become a U.S.
resident alien for tax purposes.
If you are a U.S. resident alien who is relying on an exception
contained in the saving clause of a tax treaty to claim an
exemption from U.S. tax on certain types of income, you must
attach a statement to Form W-9 that specifies the following five
1. The treaty country. Generally, this must be the same treaty
under which you claimed exemption from tax as a nonresident
2. The treaty article addressing the income.
3. The article number (or location) in the tax treaty that
contains the saving clause and its exceptions.
Also see Special rules for partnerships on page 1.
Foreign person. If you are a foreign person, do not use Form
W-9. Instead, use the appropriate Form W-8 (see Publication
515, Withholding of Tax on Nonresident Aliens and Foreign
● The U.S. grantor or other owner of a grantor trust and not the
● The U.S. trust (other than a grantor trust) and not the
beneficiaries of the trust.
Limited liability company (LLC). Check the “Limited liability
company” box only and enter the appropriate code for the tax
classification (“D” for disregarded entity, “C” for corporation, “P”
for partnership) in the space provided.
For a single-member LLC (including a foreign LLC with a
domestic owner) that is disregarded as an entity separate from
its owner under Regulations section 301.7701-3, enter the
owner’s name on the “Name” line. Enter the LLC’s name on the
“Business name” line.
For an LLC classified as a partnership or a corporation, enter
the LLC’s name on the “Name” line and any business, trade, or
DBA name on the “Business name” line.