Pass the TExES - Ed Publishing
Core Subjects - EC-6
C. THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR
This conflict, between British
and French colonies, instigat-
ed issues between the colo-
nists and England, which
eventually led to the
During the war, most Native
American tribes sided with the French, fear-
ing the British would take their ancestral
homelands. The British won.
Causes of the War
• Britain and France were at war, causing
conflict between their colonies in
• The British colonies wanted land owned
by the French colonists - for fur trading.
Results of the War
• France lost the majority of its territory
and power in North America.
• England’s land expanded to include all
of the French lands east of the
Mississippi River, except New Orleans,
which became Spanish territory.
• Spain’s holdings expanded to include all
of the French territory west of the
Mississippi River, and New Orleans.
• England tightened its hold on the colo-
nies, restricting freedom and levying
large taxes to help offset the costs of the
D. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
By 1775, tensions were high between
England and their American colonists.
England had passed laws that prevented
colonists from being elected to Parliament;
at the same time, Parliament passed many
laws that levied taxes on the colonists. Angry
colonists called this “taxation without
representation,” which became an instigation
and a battle-cry for the revolt. For nine
years, colonists fought the British
with the aid of France. In 1781,
British general Cornwallis surren-
dered to Washington after the
Battle of Yorktown. The war offi-
cially ended with the Treaty of
Paris in 1783.
Causes of the Revolution
• Progressively direct, internal taxes were
levied against the colonists in order to
provide support to mother England. In
order to keep peace with the Native
Americans, Parliament passed The
Proclamation of 1763, a bill that said
colonists could not settle west of the
Appalachian Mountains. Settlers felt this
was a local decision and the government
should not interfere.
• In 1765, the Stamp Act was passed,
which levied taxes against the colonists on
almost everything printed on paper - legal
documents, almanacs, diplomas, and
playing cards. This law united the colo-
nists against British rule, and resulted in
many bloody demonstrations and riots.
• Parliament passed the Townshend Acts
in 1767, which taxed glass, lead, paper,
paint, and tea. The colonists refused to
buy these items, so the tax was finally
repealed on everything except tea.
• In 1768, 4,000 British soldiers were
moved into Boston and the colonists
were required to provide room and
board to the soldiers. On March 5,
1770, several townsmen got into an
argument and threw snowballs at a
group of soldiers. The soldiers opened
fire on the unarmed crowd, killing five
colonists. This became a highly publi-
cized story known as the Boston
Massacre; it fueled the fires for colonial
2 (21). History, cont’d.