May 2011
City of Meriden
Fats, Oils, and Grease
Program
Information and Registration Package
2011
Public Utilities Commission
Water Pollution Control Facility
i
CITY OF MERIDEN
FATS, OILS, AND GREASE PROGRAM INFORMATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Document Page
Instructions ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Frequently Asked Questions............................................................................................................. 4
Fee, Fines, Timeline, and Guidelines ............................................................................................... 6
FOG Discharge Permit Application ................................................................................................. 8
FOG Discharge Variance Application............................................................................................ 10
Conceptual Approval Form ............................................................................................................ 11
Outdoor Grease Trap Maintenance Record....................................................................................12
AGRU Maintenance Record........................................................................................................... 13
Example FOG Inspection Report ................................................................................................... 14
Accidental Discharge Report.......................................................................................................... 15
Article V Regulation of Fats, Oils, and Grease (FOG) ..................................................................16
INSTRUCTIONS
Your facility has been identified as having the potential to discharge a significant volume of
animal fat, cooking oil, or food related grease to Meriden’s sewer system. The State of
Connecticut, Department of Environmental Protection requires that all facilities, within the State
that have the potential to discharge fats, oils, and grease (FOG), obtain a FOG Discharge Permit
prior to July 1, 2011. This booklet contains information and forms that direct facilities
discharging wastewater to the Meriden collection system toward compliance.
The following pages provide answers to the most frequently asked questions as well as important
facts about the Meriden FOG Program. Review of this material should assist you in determining
if your facility currently has appropriate grease equipment installed. If no grease equipment is
installed at your facility, or if the currently installed grease equipment is an inappropriate design
or size, an engineer who specializes in wastewater treatment should be contacted to recommend
modifications and assist with preparation of the discharge permit application. The application,
including details of the proposed design, the variance application if applicable, the Conceptual
Approval Form with all attachments, and the fee must be submitted to the City of Meriden,
Engineering Department. The permit application, with supporting documents must be submitted
within 30 days of receipt of this letter
. The Engineering Department will process the application
and complying facilities will be issued a FOG Discharge Permit by the Meriden Water Pollution
Control Facility. Do not begin any grease trap installation or modification without prior
approval.
Grease equipment will be inspected by the Meriden Health Department as part of the routine food
service inspections. Facilities found to be in violation will be notified in writing of the violations
and the required corrective action. An example inspection form has been included in this booklet
to help you understand the inspection process and the grease equipment’s ongoing maintenance
requirements. Please note that written records of grease equipment maintenance are
required. The required frequency of maintenance is detailed on the Maintenance Recording
forms included in this booklet. Additional recordkeeping forms can be obtained from the
Engineering Department or online at www.cityofmeriden.org
If grease is accidentally discharged into a storm drain or the sewer system you must notify the
Sewer Department immediately by phone and submit the Accidental Discharge Report included
in this booklet. Timely notification will enable the Water Pollution Control Facility to take
corrective action to prevent blockages of the system and environmental damage.
1. What is FOG (Fats, Oils, and Grease)?
FOG includes animal fat, cooking oils, and food related grease used or generated by food
preparation.
2. Why does the PUC (Meriden Public Utilities Commission) have a FOG Program?
The PUC developed the FOG Program in response to the Connecticut Department of Environmental
Protection’s (CT DEP) General Permit for the Discharge of Wastewater Associated with Food
Preparation Establishments, which is a statewide mandate. The program is designed to minimize the
discharge of animal fat, cooking oil, and food related grease into the sewage collection system. FOG
accumulates in the sewage collection system causing blockages and the sewage to backup or
overflow the system causing a health hazard.
3. Who is required to obtain a FOG Discharge Permit?
All Food Preparation Establishments (FPEs) are required to obtain a Permit. FPEs are defined as
those facilities that serve food or prepare food by methods that use or generate FOG. This includes
those facilities classified by the State Health Department as Class III or Class IV Food Service
Establishments. It also includes facilities that serve or prepare food that are regulated by the
Department of Consumer Protection. Class I and II Food Service Establishments, residents, and
industrial sewage discharges are not regulated by this program.
Special exemptions are provided for the following facilities. The following facilities may be eligible
for a program variance. Facilities that:
Only reheat and serve precooked foods in the original package or disposable packaging,
Use cooking methods limited to microwave, dry reheating in an oven, use of panini press, or
similar methods,
Cooking limited to pizza without pans and served on disposable dishes,
Serving of catered foods with no cooking or washing onsite,
Cooking schools with fewer than 150 servings per week.
4. Am I still required to register if my facility does not generate FOG?
Facilities that meet the definition of a FPE (see question 3) but believe that they do not meet the
criteria for this program, because they do not cook in a manner that uses or generates FOG may file a
request for variance with their application. Variances are subject to the approval of the Meriden
PUC.
5. How long is my FOG Discharge Permit valid?
Permits are issued based on the equipment installed at a facility. Changes in the installed equipment
including: relocation of an existing establishment, significant modifications to the facility, changes
in the menu, or changes in ownership of an existing establishment will require a new permit.
Currently FOG Discharge Permits do not have expiration dates. If, due to future changes to the
City’s Sewer Ordinance, renewal or reapplication is required you will be notified by mail or email.
MERIDEN FATS, OILS, AND GREASE (FOG) PROGRAM
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
!
6. What are the Permit requirements?
Facilities are required to have a properly sized outdoor grease trap or indoor automatic grease
recovery unit (AGRU) installed and properly maintained. Indoor passive grease traps are no longer
an acceptable means of grease removal. Documentation of proper maintenance activities is required.
Documentation includes recording cleaning and maintenance activities in a logbook.
7. What is the required cleaning frequency?
The grease collection container and screening basket of AGRUs must be cleaned daily. Monthly
cleaning of AGRUs includes removing all water, solids, and grease from the AGRU and replacement
of any worn or broken parts.
Generally, outdoor grease traps must be pumped every three months by a septage hauler. Exceptions
to these frequencies will be indicated on the FOG Discharge Permit.
8. What happens if my establishment is found to be in violation of the Permit?
Unscheduled inspections are conducted to verify proper cleaning and maintenance of grease traps,
proper storage of grease, and good grease handling practices. Violation notices are provided in
writing (mail, fax or email). Re-inspections are scheduled a minimum of 30 days after notification.
Conditions that have not been corrected by the second inspection may be subject to re-inspection fee
of $75 and a violation fee up to $250 daily. Continuing violations may be subject to prosecution as
described in Meriden’s Fats, Oils and Grease Ordinance.
9. What is the difference in renderable and non-renderable FOG?
Renderable FOG is any FOG that is collected directly from the cooking process. This FOG should
be collected by a company that will render it, recycle it, or use it for other beneficial purposes.
Any FOG that has been removed or separated from water or wastewater is considered non-
renderable.
10. How often are grease traps inspected?
The inspection frequency may depend on the classification of the Food Preparation Establishment.
As the Health Department conducts the inspection of grease traps, Class III facilities may be
inspected up to three times per year and Class IV facilities may be inspected up to four times per
year. All inspections are unscheduled. Facilities found to be in violation of Meriden’s FOG Program
will be subject to a re-inspection a minimum of 30 days after notification that they are in violation.
11. What are the fees for the FOG Program?
Standard Fees
Initial Application
$100
Late Fee
$50 per month
Re-Inspection Fee
$75
Third Party Processing Fees (electronic
check processing, credit card fees, etc.)
As charged by the third party
Violation Fees
BMP violation if uncorrected by 30 days
after notification
Equipment installation violation if
uncorrected by 60 days after notification
Unauthorized equipment modification or use
30 days after violation notification
up to $250/daily
up to $250/daily
up to $250/daily
!
MERIDEN PUBLIC UTILITIES FOG PROGRAM
FEES, FINES, TIMELINE, AND GUIDELINES
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Fees Shall Not Be Prorated.
Fees & Fines
Permit Application Fee $100 due with application for permit
Late Fees $50 per month
Variance Fee No additional variance fee required with complete application.
Re-Inspection Fee - $75 for re-inspection if NOV not corrected by 2
nd
inspection.
On-Going Violations - Up to $250 daily if violation not corrected within:
31 days of NOV for BMPs; or
61 days of NOV for equipment installation violations
Third Party Fees FPE’s are responsible for all fees on payments made to the City of
Meriden through third parties.
Timelines
Compliance Date July 1, 2011
Re-Inspection (BMP) A minimum of 30 days after previous
failed inspection
(Equipment) A minimum of 60 days after previous failed inspection
Permits Issued Within 14 days of compliance verification
Accidental Spills Immediately report by phone and file written report within 5 days
Appeal of Permit Revocation FPE to respond in writing within 15 days
PUC Decision on Appeal PUC to make decision within 60 days of receipt
Normal Cleaning Frequency Outdoor Grease Traps Once every three months or upon 25% of
the total volume being occupied by FOG and settled solids or as
amended by permit.
AGRU screening basket and grease collection container emptied
once each day of facility operation or as amended by permit.
Report Change in Variance Within 30 days of change
Conditions
Program Variance Guidelines
Food Service Establishments with the following characteristics shall be exempt from the Meriden Fats,
Oils, and Grease Article of the Sewer Use Ordinance.
- Facilities that reheat and serve precooked foods in the original package or disposable packaging
- Cooking methods limited to: microwave, dry reheating in an oven, use of panini press, or similar
methods
- Cooking limited to pizza without pans and serving on disposable dishes
!
- Serving catered foods with no cooking or washing onsite
- Cooking schools with fewer than 150 servings per week
- Other facilities with limited potential to discharge FOG to the public collection system.
Variances are granted based on the facility’s menu. Sizing of AGRU’s and outdoor traps is based
on the installed cooking equipment.
Sizing Criteria
Note: All outdoor grease traps must be located outside the minimum separation distance
restriction as required by the Meriden building codes.
Maximum 24-hour daily flow from kitchen and clean up area:
Outdoor grease trap
(a) Patron-Based Method
Fixed Number of Meals Served Water Usage
1
Facility
Volume
Schools, per pupil
3 gallons per day
Residential camps
2
, per person
15 gallons per day
Hospital, Nursing Home, per bed
15 gallons per day
1
Adopted from the Connecticut Health Code:
2
Residential camps: semi permanent overnight accommodations.
IV = MS x GM
Where; IV = Interceptor Volume (Outdoor Grease Trap)
MS = Number of Meals Served (maximum occupancy)
GM = Gallons used per Meal from table above
(b) Patron-Based Method
Varied Number of Meals Served per Day
1
Facility
Volume
Churches, per person
5 Gallons per meal
Restaurants and Bars
5 Gallons per meal
1
Adopted from the Connecticut Health Code:
IV = MS x GM = (S x LF x H/2) x GM
Where; IV = Interceptor Volume (Outdoor Grease Trap)
MS = Number of Meals Served
GM = Gallons per Meal from table above
S = Seating Capacity
LF = Loading Factor
= 1.25 meal/seat hour for interstate highways
= 1.0 meal/seat hour for freeways, recreation areas and fixed number of meals
= 0.8 meal/seat hour for main highways
= 0.5 meal/seat hour for other highways and side streets
H = Hours in Operation
CITY OF MERIDEN
DEPT OF PUBLIC UTILITIES
PUBLIC UTILITIES
COMMISSION
142 EAST MAIN STREET
MERIDEN, CT 06450
SANITARY SEWER: FOG PROGRAM:
Permit Application for New Food
Preparation Establishments
Name of Business:
Street Address:
Permittee Name: Title:
(Owner or Local Designee)
Telephone____________________________________ Fax ___________________________________________
Company Name: (If different than above)
Business Mailing Address: (If different than above)
E-Mail Address:_____________________________________________________________________________
Hours of Operation: S________ M________ T________ W________ Th________ F________ Sa________
GENERAL GREASE TRAP INFORMATION
All class 3 and 4 Food Preparation Establishments shall have a properly sized and operational grease interceptor; either a
vault outside the building, or an automatic grease recovery unit inside the building.
What type of unit(s) does your business have now? (Choose all that apply)
___ Exterior: Size__________ gallons
___ Interior: Automatic Grease Recovery Unit (see attached picture)
Company Name_______________________________
Model Number ____________________ Flow Capacity_________________ GPM
___ Indoor Passive, Box type (see attached picture)
___ None
Note: If your business has an interior, passive box unit or no grease trap interceptor at all, you are required to install a new, interior
AGRU or Exterior vault by July 2011. Please contact the City Engineering Department at 203-630-4018
APPLICATION ATTACHMENTS
Instructions
Submit this form with attachments to the Meriden Dept. of Public Works: Engineering, 142 East Main St, Room #19 Meriden,
CT 06450. Attachments should include: a copy of the most current menu; conceptual approval form; engineers design report,
for sizing the AGRU; and $100 permit fee.
I have personally examined and am familiar with the information submitted in this document and all attachments thereto, and I
certify that, based on reasonable investigation, including my inquiry of those individuals responsible for obtaining the
information, the submitted information is true, accurate, and complete to the best of my knowledge, and belief. I understand
that a false statement made in the submitted information may be punishable as a criminal offense, in accordance with Section
22a-6 of the General Statutes, pursuant to 53a-157b of the General Statutes, and in accordance with any other applicable statute.
Signature: Owner or Local Designee Date
Printed Name
FOR CITY USE ONLY
Process Date: ____________________________Permit#: ______________ Check#:_______________
Change of Ownership/Business: ______________________ Reviewed by: ______________
TYPES OF INDOOR GREASE TRAPS
Automatic Grease-Recovery Unit (AGRU)
Indoor Passive Box Type
CITY OF MERIDEN
DEPT OF PUBLIC WORKS:
ENGINEERING
142 EAST MAIN ST
MERIDEN, CT 06450
FOG DISCHARGE
VARIANCE
APPLICATION
SUBMIT THIS FORM ONLY IF A VARIANCE IS BEING REQUESTED. SUBMIT THIS FORM WITH
YOUR FOG DISCHARGE PERMIT APPLICATION AND FEE.
1. Food Preparation Establishment Name:
2. Why is a variance being requested? Check all that apply.
___ Unit Variance (Installation of an Automatic Grease Recovery Unit (AGRU) or other indoor grease removal
unit is being requested. Indoor passive grease traps are not allowed.)
___ There is insufficient space at the facility to install an outdoor grease trap.
(Attach a site plan. Distance between property boundaries, water lines, and buildings must be shown.)
___ The facility is rented.
(Provide contact information for the property owner and attach a copy of the facility lease.)
Property Owner’s Name
Address
Phone
___ Kitchen and sanitary sewers are combined.
Provide the approximate date of building construction _________.
Maintenance Variance (A reduced pumping frequency is requested.)
___ Maximum grease accumulation rate _________
Attach maintenance records for one year documenting the grease accumulation rate in the Outdoor Grease
Trap
___ Seasonal Operation from ______ to ________
Low Volume Variance
___ Itinerant Vendor (Type) Truck______ Cart ______
Program Variance
___ No washing of pots, pans, dishes, utensils and no cooking occur at this facility.
Other
___ Explain reason for request
3. Attach additional information as described above.
I have personally examined and am familiar with the information submitted in this document and all attachments thereto, and
I certify that, based on reasonable investigation, including my inquiry of those individuals responsible for obtaining the
information, the submitted information is true, accurate and complete to the best of my knowledge and belief. I understand
that a false statement made in the submitted information may be punishable as a criminal offense, in accordance with Section
22a-6 of the General Statutes, pursuant to Section 53a-157b of the General Statutes, and in accordance with any other
applicable statute.
Signature: Owner or Local Designee Date
Printed Name
For additional information call (203) 630-4018.
CITY OF MERIDEN
CONCEPTUAL APPROVAL FORM
To be filed with any ZBA, Planning commission and/or Building Permit Application or when a new
commercial/industrial use or change of use is implemented.
TO BE FILLED OUT BY APPLICANT’S CONSULTANT FIRM
AND RETURNED TO THE MERIDEN ENGINEERING BUREAU
Applicants name:_______________________________________ Telephone:_____________________
Name of Business:_____________________________________________________________________
Business Address:______________________________________________________________________
Type of Business:______________________________________________________________________
Proposed gallonage: Maximum per day:_______________ Maximum per hour:_______________
Type of discharge: Domestic only (toilets, sinks, and showers)_________________________GPD
Industrial (Process wastewater)/Commercial (Restaurant/Cafe)___________GPD
Description of Pre-treatment
employed/proposed:______________________________________________
ALL COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL DISCHARGES REQUIRE BOTH
D.E.P. AND CITY OF
MERIDEN APPROVALS.
____________________________________________ __________________________
Consultant (P.E.) Date
TO BE FILLED OUT BY CITY OF MERIDEN ENGINEERING BUREAU
Location of proposed lateral connection to public sanitary sewer:
Sufficient capacity available to accommodate above stated flows: (YES,NO)
_________________________________________________ __________________________
Engineering Bureau Date
This letter is to confirm that sufficient capacity is available in the City of Meriden sanitary sewer line
listed above. The applicant must adhere to all applicable regulations (pursuant to Chapter 170 of the
Meriden City Code) and obtain the necessary state and local permits. Please be aware, lateral permits, as
issued by the City of Meriden, Department of Public Works, Engineering Bureau, grant approval for the
physical connection only. It will be necessary for the applicant to obtain written approval from the Water
Pollution Control Facility, Asst. Director before effluent may be discharged to the public sanitary sewer.
Based on the above, conceptual approval in the proposed amount is hereby granted. Any changes,
additions, and/or deletions will require a new conceptual approval application.
_____________________________________________ __________________________
Francis Russo, Manager/Chief Operator Date
Water Pollution Control Facility
203-630-4261
Contact Name Service Company
Facility Name Address
Telephone Telephone
Date Cleaned By Witnessed By Gallons Pumped Remarks/Conditions of Trap
Meriden FOG Record of Maintenance
Outdoor Grease Trap Maintenance Record
Outdoor grease traps must be pumped once every three months or as noted on your FOG Discharge Permit.
Contact Name Service Company
Facility Name Address
Telephone Telephone
MONTH
Once every three months the unit must be completely emptied. Any worn parts must be replaced.
SUNDAY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THRUSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY
DATE:
CLEANED BY:
GALLONS REMOVED:
DATE:
CLEANED BY:
GALLONS REMOVED:
DATE:
CLEANED BY:
GALLONS REMOVED:
DATE:
CLEANED BY:
GALLONS REMOVED:
DATE:
CLEANED BY:
GALLONS REMOVED:
DATE:
CLEANED BY:
GALLONS REMOVED:
COMMENTS:
Meriden FOG Record of Maintenance
AGRU Maintenance Record
AGRU's screening basket and grease collection container must be emptied every day the facility is in operation.
!
DISTRIBUTION: White - MPUC; Yellow - Owner / Operator
!
FOG INSPECTION REPORT ROUTINE INSPECTION REINSPECTION
PREOPERATIONAL OTHER
DATE AND TIME:
NAME OF ESTABLISHMENT:
STREET ADDRESS:
OWNER OR LOCAL DESIGNEE:
FAX NUMBER:
EMAIL:
ESTABLISHMENT CLASS III IV OTHER
GREASE TRAP OPENED YES NO
Based on today’s inspection, the violations in facilities or operation, as marked below, must be corrected
prior to the re-inspection date as specified in your follow up letter.
Grease Disposal
Comments
101
Grease trap maintenance log not available
102
Grease trap not cleaned
103
Grease trap needs repairs
104
Renderable grease container not available
105
Prohibited chemicals used
106
Poor grease handling procedures
107
Unauthorized equipment use/modification
108
Equipment Installation Violation
109
Excessive Odors for Grease Equipment
110
Other
Signature of Person in Charge
Signature of Inspector
For additional information call (203) 630-4261
CITY OF MERIDEN
WPCF
226 EVANSVILLE
AVENUE
MERIDEN, CT 06451
ACCIDENTAL
DISCHARGE REPORT
This form is to be filled out only in the event of a violation of the FOG Discharge Permit.
Discharge violations must be reported immediately by phone and in writing to the PUC within 5
days of occurrence. Mail this form to: Sewer Administrator, WPCF 226 Evansville Avenue,
Meriden CT 06451. Phone between 7:00 am and 3:30 pm Monday through Friday (203) 630-
4261; after hours contact the Meriden Police Dispatch (203) 238-1911.
1. Food Preparation Establishment:
2. Location:
Bay/Unit#:
3. Permittee Name:
Title:
(Owner or Local Designee)
DISCHARGE INFORMATION
4. Date of Accidental Discharge:
5. Cause of Accidental Discharge:
6. Material Discharged
7. Estimated Volume of the Discharge
8. Corrective Actions Taken
9. Date Corrective Actions were Taken
I have personally examined and am familiar with the information submitted in this document and all attachments
thereto, and I certify that, based on reasonable investigation, including my inquiry of those individuals responsible
for obtaining the information, the submitted information is true, accurate, and complete to the best of my knowledge
and belief. I understand that a false statement made in the submitted information may be punishable as a criminal
offense, in accordance with Section 22a-6 of the General Statutes, pursuant to 53a-157b of the General Statutes, and
in accordance with any other applicable statute.
Signature: Owner or Local Designee Date
Printed Name
FOR CITY USE ONLY
Date Received: ____________________________ Permit #: ______________
To report a spill between 7:00 am and 3:30 pm Monday through Friday call (203) 630-4261.
After hours contact Meriden Police Dispatch (203) 238-1911.
ARTICLE V
REGULATION OF FATS, OILS, AND GREASE (FOG)
§ 170.42 General Introduction:
A. In an effort to curb sanitary sewer overflows from grease accumulation in its public
sanitary sewer system, the PUC adopted, at its public meeting on February 15, 2011 a
Fats, Oils, and Grease (FOG) Program. Facilities, excluding residential and industrial
facilities, connected to the public sanitary sewer system that are involved in the preparing
or serving of food will be subject to the conditions of this Article and must come into
compliance prior to July 1, 2011.
§ 170.43 Purpose:
A. The purpose of this Article (also referred to herein as the “FOG Article”) is to protect the
environment by preventing sewage overflows and backups into basements caused by
grease hardening in sewer lines causing blockages. The objectives of this Article are:
(1) To prevent the introduction of excessive amounts of grease into the City of
Meriden’s public sanitary sewer system.
(2) To prevent clogging or blockage of the City of Meiden’s public sanitary sewer
system due to grease build-up causing sewage to backup and flood streets, residences
and commercial buildings, resulting in potential liability to the PUC, residences,
commercial buildings, and others.
(3) To implement a procedure to recover the cost incurred from cleaning and
maintaining sewer lines due to improper grease removal.
(4) To implement a procedure to recover costs for any liability incurred by the PUC for
damage caused by grease blockages resulting in the flooding of streets, residences, or
commercial buildings.
(5) To issue FOG Discharge Permits to Food Preparation Establishments (FPEs) and
establish maintenance and monitoring requirements, and enforcement activities.
(6) To establish administrative procedures and reporting requirements.
(7) To establish permit fees for the recovery of costs resulting from this FOG Article.
(8) To establish enforcement procedures for violations of any part or requirement of
this Article.
§ 170.44 Definitions:
A. The following definitions shall apply to this Article:
Automatic Grease Recovery Unit, (AGRU): Means an indoor grease trap (a trap may also
be referred to as an interceptor) that separates grease from wastewater by active
mechanical or electrical means. Such traps are typically compact under-the-sink units and
should be as far away as possible from grease bearing (cleaning) equipment like sinks,
before exiting the building. See definition of Grease Trap.
Best Management Practice, (BMP): The practices and procedures of a facility designed to
prevent or minimize environmental damage. BMPs include, but are not limited to;
treatment requirements, operating procedures, practices to control spillage or leaks, and
grease disposal.
Fats, Oils, and Grease (FOG): Any fats, oils, and grease generated from the food
preparation process. All are sometimes referred to as “grease”.
Food Preparation Establishments (FPE): Food Preparation Establishments are: a) facilities
that are regulated by the Meriden Health Department and are classified as a Class 3 or
Class 4 food service establishment, as defined by the State Health Code; or b) other
facilities that engage in similar cooking methods that have the potential to produce fats,
oils, and grease. A Class 3 food service establishment shall be exempt from this Article if it
does not employ frying, sautéing, baking or roasting of meats, use of rotisseries, grills,
smokers, or other methods that have the potential to generate fats, oils, or grease.
FOG Discharge Permit: A permit issued by the Program Administrator authorizing the
discharge of wastewater to the public sanitary sewer system from a FPE.
Grease Disposal Facility (GDF): A regional collection/transfer/disposal site approved in
accordance with the law for the disposal of FOG. This means a Department of
Environmental Protection (DEP) approved publicly/privately owned treatment works that is
for the separation and disposal of FOG by incineration or other methods. Pursuant to
Section 22a-174-33 of the Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies related to Title V
source, an in-state regional incinerator must have an operating permit that lists FOG as a
source of fuel.
Grease Trap: The term “grease trap” is used collectively to mean both AGRUs and
outdoor grease traps.
Hauler: Any person who collects the contents of a grease trap and transports it to a grease
disposal facility. A Hauler may also provide other services to Food Preparation
Establishments related to trap maintenance.
Meriden Public Utilities Commission (PUC): The PUC of the City of Meriden with all the
powers, purposes and objectives as set forth in Chapter 103 of the General Statutes of
Connecticut, Revision of 1958 and amendments thereto or their Designee.
Non-renderable Grease: Fats, oils, and grease generated from food preparation or serving
that has come in contact with water or other contaminants shall prevent this FOG from
being rendered. See renderable grease.
Outdoor Grease Trap: A structure or device designed for the purpose of removing and
preventing FOG from entering the public sanitary sewer system. These devices are often
below-ground units built as two or three chamber baffled tanks. Traps shall have at least
one inspection hatch at grade per chamber to facilitate inspection, cleaning and
maintenance by a Hauler. See definition of Grease Trap.
Permittee: The Permittee represents the FPE and is authorized by the issuance of a FOG
Discharge Permit to initiate, create, originate, or maintain a wastewater discharge from the
FPE. The Permittee shall be the Owner or his local designee.
Person: Any individual, firm, association, society, corporation, or group.
Program Administrator (PA): Shall mean the PUC, or persons authorized by the PUC to
conduct activities related to this Ordinance including but not limited to: approve discharge
permits, approve variances, conduct facility inspections, and conduct enforcement
procedures.
Public Sanitary Sewer System: A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have
equal rights and which is controlled by a public authority. Includes the main pipe,
manholes, other structures, and equipment appurtenant thereto controlled and maintained
by the PUC for the conveyance of sanitary sewage.
Renderable Grease: The uncontaminated FOG from the food preparation process that is
free of impurities and has not come in contact with water and can be recycled into
products such as, but not limited to, animal feed or cosmetics.
§ 170-45 Food Preparation Establishment (FPE) Permitting Program:
A. All FPEs discharging wastewater to the public sanitary sewer system are subject to
the following requirements.
(1) Permitting: All FPE’s shall be required to apply for and obtain a FOG discharge
permit from the PA. The PA shall approve or deny all applications for the FOG discharge
permits in accordance with the policies and regulations established in this Article. The
FOG discharge permit shall be in addition to any other permits, registrations, or
occupational licenses, which may be required by Federal, State, or local law. It shall be a
violation of this Article for any FPE identified by the PA to discharge wastewater containing
fats, oils, and grease to the public sanitary sewer system without a current FOG Discharge
Permit.
Following the initial enactment of this FOG Article, any modification to this FOG Article
shall become effective immediately and be complied with within 7 months of the
modification. Upon modification to this Ordinance, existing FPE’s may be required to re-
apply and submit the required fee.
(2) Application Form: The PA shall provide an application form for a FOG Discharge
Permit to all FPEs. All existing FPEs shall submit a completed application form within 30
days of: a) receipt of the application, or b) prior to the expiration of their valid FOG
Discharge Permit. New FPEs shall obtain a FOG Discharge Permit prior to issuance of a
food service license. Each application form submitted shall include, but not be limited to,
the following information.
(a) Conceptual Approval Form
(b) The FPE’s engineer’s design report for outdoor grease traps or AGRUs including
unit specifications, cut sheet, and sizing calculations.
(c) Hours of facility operation
(d) A copy of the FPE’s menu.
(e) A statement signed by the Permittee as follows: “I have personally examined and
am familiar with the information submitted in this document and all attachments thereto,
and I certify that, based on reasonable investigation, including my inquiry of those
individuals responsible for obtaining the information, the submitted information is true,
accurate, and complete to the best of my knowledge and belief. I understand that a false
statement made in the submitted information may be punishable as a criminal offense, in
accordance with Section 22a-6 of the General Statutes, pursuant to 53a-157b of the
General Statutes, and in accordance with any other applicable statute”.
(3) Application Procedure: Upon filing of a completed FOG Discharge Permit
Application form with fee, and variance application if applicable, the PA shall review and
approve or deny a FOG Discharge Permit. No system modification shall be initiated until
approval is obtained.
(4) FOG Discharge Permit:
(a) The FOG discharge permit must be displayed in a prominent location where it can
be seen by staff.
(b) A FOG discharge permit shall not be transferred or sold to a new owner. A new
owner is required to apply to the PA for a new FOG Discharge Permit.
(c) A new FOG discharge permit must be applied for when renovations are completed
at an existing FPE, or on making significant changes to the menu.
(d) The terms and conditions of the permit are subject to modification by the PUC
during the term of the permit. If due to changes in this Article, modifications to a facility are
required in order to remain in compliance, the Permittee shall be informed at least 6
months prior to the compliance date of the new requirement or 6 months prior to the
expiration date of the existing permit.
(5) Entry: Each FPE shall allow the Inspector, bearing proper identification, access at
all reasonable times to all parts of the premises for the purpose of inspection, observation,
records examination, measurements, sampling and testing in accordance with the
provisions of this Article. The refusal of any FPE to allow the Inspector official entry for
purposes of inspection or performing such other duties as shall be required shall constitute
a violation of this Article. The PUC may pursue legal action as provided for in § 170-49 as
may be advisable and reasonably necessary for Inspectors to carry out their duties.
(6) Inspection: The Inspector shall inspect the FPE on an unscheduled basis after a
FOG Discharge Permit has been issued to confirm compliance with the requirements of
this Article. All FPEs with a current FOG Discharge Permit shall be inspected. Inspections
shall include, but not be limited to, all equipment, food processing, clean-up, and storage
areas and shall include any area that produces wastewater discharge to the grease trap.
The Inspector shall also inspect the grease trap maintenance logbook and/or file, other
pertinent data to the grease trap, and may check the level of the trap contents and/or take
samples/measurements as necessary. The Inspector shall record all observations in a
written report. Any deficiencies as provided in §170-49 of this Article shall be noted.
(7) Violation Reporting: A Permittee shall immediately notify the PA by telephone upon
learning or having reason to believe that a discharge may cause a sewer blockage or
adversely affect the public sanitary sewer system and initiate corrective action to prevent
further violations.
The Permittee shall report, in writing, such violation and corrective actions taken, to the PA
within 5 days of the Permittee learning of such violation. Failure to report may result in a
fine pursuant to §170-49.
§ 170-46 Wastewater Discharge Limitations:
A. No user shall allow wastewater discharge concentrations from a grease trap, or
alternative pretreatment technology to exceed 100 milligrams per liter.
All analyses shall
be conducted according to the current method as listed in Title 40 CFR 136 or as
approved in writing by the PA. All costs associated with testing are the responsibility of the
FPE.
B. Where outdoor grease traps are used, separate wastewater lines shall be provided
to convey the sanitary and kitchen wastewater outside the facility. Only wastewater from
the kitchen and cleanup areas shall be directed to the grease trap. In no case shall
sanitary wastewater be allowed to enter a grease trap.
C. Wastewater having a temperature in excess 140°F shall not be discharged into any
AGRU.
D. Any use of enzymes, solvents, emulsifiers, biological agents, and similar material
for maintaining or cleaning grease traps is prohibited.
E. No food grinder or food pulper shall discharge into a grease trap.
F. All wastewater flows connected to grease traps shall be screened to prevent solids
from entering the grease trap. Screened solids shall be disposed of in accordance with
applicable solid waste regulations.
§ 170-47 Outdoor Grease Trap Requirements:
A. Requirements: All FPEs are required to have an outdoor grease trap or variance.
The requirements in this Article are in addition to any applicable requirements of the
Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection’s (DEP) General Permit for the
Discharge of Wastewater Associated with Food Preparation Establishments, The
International Plumbing Code, and the Plumbing and Drainage Institute standards as
adopted by the Office of the State Building Inspector.
B. Equipment Requirements: On or after the effective date of this Article, all FPEs
discharging to or proposing to discharge to the City of Meriden’s public sanitary sewer
system shall submit an application and obtain a permit to operate and maintain an outdoor
grease trap, a variance for an AGRU, or a variance from the requirements of this Article as
established by § 170-47 (F) (1). All outdoor grease traps and shall meet the requirements
of this Article.
C. On or after the effective date of this Article, the PA shall require an existing FPE to
install, operate, and maintain a new grease trap that complies with the requirements of this
Article or to modify any non-compliant plumbing or existing grease trap within 60 days of
written notification by the PA when any of the following conditions exist.
(1) The establishment is found to be contributing grease in quantities to cause pipe
blockages or increase maintenance on the public sanitary sewer system.
(2) The establishment does not have a grease trap.
(3) The establishment has an undersized, irreparable, or defective grease trap.
(4) Existing establishment is sold or undergoes a change of ownership.
(5) Remodeling of a kitchen, which requires a plumbing permit to be issued by the City
of Meriden.
(6) The menu of an establishment changes so that it meets the requirements of a FPE.
D. Variance from Outdoor Grease Trap Requirements: An AGRU may only be
installed after authorization by the PA. The FPE shall request a variance in writing, which
shall consist of a completed Program Application and Variance Application.
E. Outdoor Grease Trap: Outdoor grease traps shall be installed in all FPEs as
described in § 170-47 B and C. All outdoor grease traps shall meet the following criteria.
(1) Trap Design and Location: Outdoor grease traps shall have a minimum of two
compartments and shall be capable of separation and retention of grease and storage of
settled solids. Access manholes with a minimum diameter of 17 inches shall be provided
over each trap chamber and sanitary tee. The manhole shall also have readily removable
covers to facilitate inspection, grease removal, and wastewater sampling activities. The
invert elevation of the inlet shall be between 3” and 6” above the invert elevation of the
outlet.
(2) The trap shall be designed, constructed, and installed for adequate load-bearing
capacity.
(3) Trap Capacity: The minimum capacity of any one unit shall be 1,000 gallons.
Where sufficient capacity cannot be achieved with a single unit, installation of grease traps
in series is required.
(4) Trap Sizing: At a minimum, the trap shall hold kitchen discharges equivalent to the
maximum flows over a 24-hour period. The maximum flow over a 24-hour period shall be
calculated by the method published by the City of Meriden Engineering Department.
(5) Pumping and Maintenance: Each FPE shall be responsible for the cost of
installing, inspecting, pumping, cleaning, and maintaining its outdoor grease trap. Outdoor
grease trap cleaning shall include complete removal of all contents including scraping of
excessive solids from the walls, floors, baffles, and all pipe work. It shall be the
responsibility of each FPE to inspect its outdoor grease trap during the pumping operation
to ensure proper cleaning and that all fittings and fixtures are functioning properly.
(6) Outdoor Trap Pumping Frequency: Each FPE shall have its outdoor grease trap(s)
pumped whenever 25% of the operating depth of the outdoor grease trap is occupied by
grease and settled solids or a minimum of once every 3 months, whichever is more
frequent.
(7) Inspections: The Inspector shall inspect grease traps as necessary to ensure
compliance with this Article.
(8) Disposal: Renderable grease shall not be disposed of in any sewer, septic tank, or
grease trap. All renderable grease shall be stored in a separate, covered, leak proof,
labeled, renderable grease container, stored out of reach of vermin and collected by a
Renderer.
(9) Grease removed from outdoor grease traps shall be disposed of at a Grease
Disposal Facility permitted by DEP.
(10) Recordkeeping: Each FPE shall maintain a logbook in which a record of all grease
trap maintenance is entered, including the date and time of the maintenance, repairs,
records of inspection, log of pumping activities, and grease disposal facility. The file shall
be available at all times for inspection and review by the Inspector.
F. Variance Procedure: Two types of variances may be granted, Program Variances and
Equipment/BMP Variances, as follows.
(1) Program Variances: The PA may, at his sole discretion, exempt from this FOG
Program facilities that meet the definition of FPE but whose wastewater discharge
contributes negligible FOG to the sanitary sewer. This may include:
(a) FPE’s which are itinerant vendors, either truck or cart, with no fixed sewer
connection.
(b) Facility’s generating a low volume of wastewater that meets the requirements of a
de minimis discharge as provided in § 170-47 J.
(2) Equipment/BMP Variances: At the request of the Permittee, the PA at his sole
discretion may grant a variance from the equipment or BMP requirements of this Article.
Any change to the conditions of the variance must be reported to the PA for review within
30 days.
(3) A FPE that has been granted a variance shall have 30 days to report to the PA and
Meriden Health Department any changes that cause a violation in the terms of the
variance. Changes that may cause a violation to the terms of the variance may include but
are not limited to hours of operation, food preparation techniques, or changes to the menu.
G. Alternative Grease Removal Devices: The PA, at his sole discretion, may approve
these types of devices depending on manufacturer’s specifications and verified operations
on a case-by-case basis. Alternative devices shall be subject to written approval based on
a demonstration prior to installation.
(1) AGRU: AGRUs shall be prohibited at new FPEs, except as granted by variance at
the discretion of the PA per § 170-47 B.
(2) AGRU Size: The AGRU design flow shall be sized by a licensed engineer
according to the PUC’s guidelines including all connected fixtures and drains.
(3) Traps shall have a removable lid on the top surface to facilitate inspection,
cleaning, and maintenance.
(4) Flow Control Device: AGRUs shall be equipped with a device to control the rate of
flow through the unit and shall not exceed the design flow capacity.
(5) Cleaning and Maintenance: Each FPE shall be solely responsible for the cost of
the AGRU installation, cleaning, and maintenance. The AGRU shall include a skimming
device, automatic draw-off, or other mechanical means to automatically separate fats and
oils from the wastewater, using a timer or level controller. The AGRU shall be connected
to the electrical circuit by either hardwire, or cord and plug. The AGRU shall operate no
less than once per day.
H. Other Approved Unit: If the Permittee requests the use of a unit other than an
outdoor grease trap or an AGRU, the Permittee must demonstrate to the PA that the
proposed unit can reliably meet the effluent limitations established in this Article. Only after
receiving approval from the PA will the Permittee be authorized to install the proposed
unit.
I. De Minimis Discharges: At the request of the Permittee, the PA may grant a
Program Variance from the treatment requirements of this Article. Any change to the
conditions of the variance must be reported to the PA and the Meriden Health Department
for review within 30 days.
§ 170-48 Fees and Billing:
A. The fees provided for in this Article are separate and distinct from all other fees
chargeable by the PUC. All invoiced fees, pursuant to this Article, shall become
immediately due and owed upon receipt of invoice, and shall become delinquent if not fully
paid within 30 days after receipt. Any delinquent amount shall be subject to the late fee.
B. Fines shall fall into two classifications; BMP violation, and equipment installation
violation.
C. A copy of the WPCF’s current fees applicable to all applications, permits, and
notice-of-violation fines pursuant to this Article are on file at the WPCF.
D. Food Preparation Establishments shall be responsible for any processing fees on
payments made through third parties. Processing fees include but are not limited to: credit
card fees, online payment fees, and collection fees.
§ 170-49 Administrative Enforcement and Abatement:
A. Violations: If the PA records any deficiencies during an inspection, they will provide
written or electronic notice to the FPE with instructions to correct the deficiency within 30
days of such notice for BMP violations or 60 days for equipment violations. A notice of
violation (NOV) shall be issued to a FPE for any one or more of the following violations.
(1) Failure to properly maintain the grease trap in accordance with the provisions of
the FOG Article.
(2) Failure to report changes in operations per § 170-47 G (2).
(3) Failure to report an unauthorized grease discharge per § 170-45 A (7).
(4) Failure to maintain grease records including documentation of: pumping activities;
grease disposal facility; or receipts onsite at all times.
(5) Failure to provide access for trap cleaning, inspection, or monitoring activities.
(6) Failure to obtain or renew a Discharge Permit in a timely manner.
(7) Failure to store grease in a proper container or dispose of grease at an approved
facility.
(8) Any other failure to comply with the requirements of this Article or conditions of any
permit issued pursuant to this Article.
B. Enforcement Actions: Enforcement actions against FPEs in violation of this Article
shall be according to the following provisions.
1. Initial Violation Penalties: The PA may take enforcement actions against FPEs
including consent agreements, compliance agreements, assurances of voluntary
compliance, or other similar documents establishing an agreement with any User, or other
person responsible for non-compliance. Such documents will include specific actions to be
taken to correct the non-compliance within a time period specified by the document. Such
documents shall be judicially enforceable. Including but not limited to:
(a) Payment of the notice of violation fine as on file with the PA.
(b) Required corrective actions including, but not limited to, submittal of records for
trap maintenance, immediate pump-out of the trap, or establishment of an ongoing
contract with a Hauler or Renderer.
(c) Requirements for submittal of plans or upgrade of grease traps, including time
frames for preparation of plans, acquisitions of necessary equipment, initiation of
construction (including time for permit approval, where required), completion of
construction, and date for achievement of final compliance within the provisions of the
notice of violation and this Article.
2. Continued Violation Penalties: If a FPE violates or continues to violate the
provisions set forth in this Article or fails to initiate/complete corrective action in response
to a NOV, the PA may pursue one or more of the following options:
(a) Referral to other appropriate enforcement agencies for further action, i.e. the Heath
Department and the CT DEP.
(b) Refer the NOV to the Health Department recommending closure of the facility and /
or denial of Food Service License renewal.
3. Discharge Permit Revocation: Any Discharge Permit issued under the provisions of
this Article is subject to be modified, suspended, or revoked in whole or in part during its
term for failure to comply with the terms of this Article.
Any denial or revocation of a permit pursuant to this Article may be appealed to the PUC.
The Permittee shall have 15 days from date of notification of the permit denial or
revocation to submit a written request for a hearing before the PUC. Failure to file an
appeal constitutes acceptance of the decision to deny or revoke the permit and any
conditions thereof. The PUC shall conduct a public hearing and decide within 60 days from
receipt of appeal, whether or not to grant the permit. The decision of the PUC shall be
final. Cause for FOG Discharge Permit modification, suspension, or revocation shall
include but not be limited to any one of the following:
(a) Falsification of any information submitted as part of the application for the
Discharge Permit.
(b) Failure to comply with the requirements or regulations concerning discharges to
the public sanitary sewer system.
(c) Failure to comply with the requirements or regulations concerning grease traps in
this Article.
(d) Failure to pay required fees or penalties in a timely manner.
(e) Failure to attend required BMP training courses if required by PA.
(f) When necessary to protect the public health, safety, and welfare of the City of
Meriden.
4. Recovery of Costs: When a discharge causes any obstruction, damage or any
other impairment to the public sanitary sewer system, damage to public or private
property, or any expense of whatever character or nature to the PUC, the PUC shall
assess the expenses incurred to clear the obstruction, repair damage to the system, and
any other expenses or damage of any kind or nature suffered by the City as a result
thereof including reimbursement for damage to private property. The PUC may file a claim
with the User or other person that caused the obstruction, damage or other impairment for
recovery of such cost including any collection costs. If the claim is ignored or denied, the
PUC shall notify the City Attorney to take such measures as shall be appropriate to
recover any expense or to correct other damages suffered by the City.
5. Remedies Nonexclusive: The remedies for this Article are not exclusive. The PUC
may take any, all, or any combination of these actions against any person violating this
FOG Article.
6. Search Warrant: The PUC, through the City’s Attorney, may seek to obtain a
search warrant from the appropriate authority to gain access to a FPE’s facility for the
purposes of verification of compliance inspection and monitoring as provided for under
§170-45 A (5) if such lawful entry has previously been denied by the FPE.
7. Citation to Superior Court: Notwithstanding any of the above, the PUC may cite
any User to Superior Court for violation of any provision of this Article. A violation of any
condition or requirement of a Discharge Permit, or failure to obtain such a permit shall be
deemed to be in violation of this Article.
8. Injunction and Other Relief: The City, through the City’s Attorney, may file a petition
in the name of the City in Superior Court or such other courts as may have jurisdiction
seeking the issuance of an injunction, damages, or other applicable law or regulation. Suit
may be brought to recover any and all damages suffered by the City as a result of any
action or inaction of any person that causes or suffers damage to occur to the PUC’s
public sanitary sewer system.
C. Any person found to have violated any provision of this Article, or any condition of
a permit issued pursuant to this Article, may be liable for civil fine up to $250 per violation.
Each separate violation shall constitute a separate offense, and for violations continuing
longer than 60 days, each day’s continuance of a violation shall constitute a separate and
distinct violation. In addition to the penalties provided herein, the City may recover
attorney’s fees, court costs, court reporter’s fees and other expenses of litigation by
appropriate suit at law against the person found to have violated this Article or the orders,
rules, regulations, and permits issued hereunder.
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