Name ______________________ Class ____________________ Date __________________
Georgia Studies for Georgia Students
Chapter 27: Education and Culture in Modern Georgia
Section 1
Use the information from page 680 - 684 to complete the
1. Having an ___________________ citizenry was important for the state [Georgia].
2. __________________ replaced much of the physical _____________ of farming.
3. The modern farmer has to understand ____________________ methods of farming.
4. As __________________ (computer controlled mechanical devices, such as automated
tools) replace some unskilled workers, new workers need _________________ skills
including __________________ skills.
5. In the service industry, _______________-paying jobs in health care, education, and
nonprofit organizations all require ____________________ education.
6. Those _________________ an education usually end up in ______________-paying
jobs that require less __________________ and ____________ skill.
7. In the early _____________________ century, Georgia began to improve its education
8. To be ___________________, teachers had to meet higher __________________.
9. Children between the ages of _______________ and __________________ were
____________________ to attend school, although schools found a way around that
10. A ________________________ amendment was passed to provide state
___________________ for public high schools in the state.
11. In 1906, the state legislature passed the _______________ Act. It created an
______________________ and ___________________ school in each congressional
12. The _____________ was to provide young people, especially those in ____________
areas, with courses that would prepare them for ___________________ farm life or for
13. Eventually, several of the agricultural and mechanical institutes became
14. The University of ________________, _________________ College of Georgia, and
Georgia Institute of ______________________ were all major institutions with specific
roles to fill.
15. UGA was the __________________ research university. MCG [Medical College of
Georgia] provided medical education for ______________ and other health
16. Georgia ___________ was for technological and __________________ professionals.
17. In spite of all these improvements, by World War!II, many Georgia students still
attended ________-____________ schoolhouses.
18. Since they were not _________________ to attend school beyond age fourteen, many
__________ ___________ go beyond an ______________-grade education.
19. The _____________________ since World War II have seen ______________
changes in Georgia's ____________________ system.
20. Standards for __________________ rose and so did their _________________.
21. In 1947, the _____________________ passed a law requiring a _______________
year in high school.
22. In the 1940s, the state also opened its first __________________-_________________
schools to _______________ citizens for jobs in the state.
23. By the 1950s, the one-room schoolhouses that had served throughout rural areas
began to __________________.
24. Small schools were _____________________ (joined) to form larger schools
_________________ into grades, with teachers in ________________ classroom.
25. Some of the most important changes came under Governor Carl _________________.
26. Businesses ______________ __________ come to a state that did not have enough
__________________ workers.
27. Under Sanders, ___________ schools were ______________ to handle the students of
the ____________ ________________ generation(children born after World War II).
28. In 1964, Sanders began the ___________________ ________________ Program, a 6-
week summer program for ______________________ and _____________________
gifted students.
29. Another important _____________________ was the addition of more
______________________ training with many new tech schools.
30. Sanders also made a major change in the __________________ education system.
31. The system started expanding in the late 1940s and 1950s when __________________
started using the G.I. Bill to _______________ school.
32. The _______ ______________ was a program that _____________ the tuition of those
who had ________________ in the war.
33. By the 1960s, the education system had to ______________ even more as the baby
boom ______________________ began to __________________ from high school.
34. During this major __________________ of the public _______________ education
system, ________________ as many students began attending _________________.
35. In the mid-1970s and early 1980s, Governor George ___________________ worked to
__________________ education in Georgia.
36. His major accomplishment was founding a _____________________ program
throughout the state.
37. ________________ [in education] also continued under the next governor, Joe Frank
_________________, who served two terms in the 1980s.
38. His [Governor Harris] most important reform was a program called ________________
_______________ Education (QBE), which included ________________ students,
establishing a standard core ___________________ (courses of study), providing
___________________ education for teachers, and further improving teacher salaries.
39. It was the _____________ that specified all students would ______________ about the
________________ of Georgia in the eighth grade.
40. Governor Zell __________________ continued the focus on education.
41. In his administration, a _____________________ amendment to the state constitution
_________________, creating a state ______________.
42. The lottery __________________ went to ____________ education, _______________
Georgia schools and colleges with ____________________ and new technology.
43. The lottery also funds the popular ______________ scholarship.
44. In 2000, Governor Roy _________________, created the _______ _________
Education Reform Act.
45. It ______________________ testing standards, issued ______________ ___________
on schools and school systems, raised the age for ___________________ (required)
school ______________________, and instituted a program of national teacher
46. In 2002, state teachers and educational experts developed the Georgia Performance
Standards (__________), which were put into effect in stages beginning in 2005.
47. The ______________________ focus on ______________ and __________________
that students _______________ _____________________ to complete the curriculum,
and they define what is expected for successful completion.
Name ______________________ Class ____________________ Date __________________
Georgia Studies for Georgia Students
Chapter 27: Education and Culture in Modern Georgia
Section 2
The Arts
Use the information from page 686 - 695 to complete the
1. The twentieth and early twenty-first century saw a blossoming of ________________
and ___________________ support in Georgia.
2. Many of the difficult periods the state went through ___________________ its music,
writing, _________________, and other artistic output.
3. While ____________________ support often came from the _________________
classes, arts in ___________________ and the growing number of
____________________, theaters, and other public art spaces tried to reach out to
many citizens.
4. ____________________ remains the cultural center for the arts in Georgia and the
5. Other ___________________ areas in the state, however, also supported and continue
to support the arts.
6. Many have local music scenes, artists' studios and ____________________ (places
where artwork is shown), and writers' clubs.
7. The larger communities also fund local _________________ companies,
______________________, theater groups, and ________________.
8. ________________ centers throughout the state host ____________________,
theater, _____________________, and other performing acts that tour throughout the
9. ___________________ has been an important part of Georgia's cultural development in
the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
10. In the 1920s, a new style of music emerged in the _____________ and was made
popular by _________________.
11. "___________________" John Carson from Georgia was one of the earliest
12. The music he played was called _________________ music and was originally played
by __________________ people.
13. In the postwar period, Georgia country singers such as ______________ ___________
became known nationally.
14. In the 1960s, Albany native and singer _____________ __________________ helped
bring country music to a wider audience.
15. That opened the door for the popularity of such ____________________ as Alan
Jackson, Travis Tritt, and Trisha Yearwood in the twentieth century.
16. The style of music known as the _____________ also began in the South.
17. Blues music in Georgia began in the ___________________ ____________________
community with people such as Blind Willie McTell of Thomson and Gertrude
"_________" Rainey, whom you studied earlier.
18. By the end of World War II, the blues sound with a strong beat emerged into what
became known as __________________ and________________ or R & B.
19. Georgians Ray Charles, Richard Penniman of Macon (also known as "_____________
____________________"), and James __________________ of Augusta all became
internationally known.
20. By that time, ___________________ audiences were drawn to this music, which was
originally classified by Billboard Magazine as "_____________ music."
21. Brown and others _____________________ rhythm-and-blues with
____________________ to create what was known as _________________ music.
22. James Brown became known as the "_____________________ of soul."
23. _________________ _____________ is a style of rock music that began in
__________________ with the ___________________ Brothers in 1969. It is a
_____________________ of jazz, blues, country, and rock-and-roll.
24. ________________________ Records, based in Macon, had other southern bands with
that sound, including the _____________________ Rhythm Section.
25. By the late 1990s and early 2000s, __________________ was also home to
______________ and ___________-______________ artists.
26. ______________________ was a ________________ at an Atlanta radio station
when he released his first solo _______________ in 2000.
27. In 2001, the _________________ used some of his __________________ to found the
Ludacris Foundation to ____________________ underprivileged children in Atlanta.
28. A multi-____________________ winner from Atlanta is ___________________, the
duo of Andre Benjamin and Antwan Patton.
29. Another important artist and businessman in the rap/hip-hop _______________ (style)
is Georgian Jermaine __________________.
30. ______________________ music also thrives in Georgia.
31. At the end of World War!II, the Atlanta Youth __________________ began to hire
__________________, and in 1947 the ___________________ Symphony Orchestra
was founded.
32. The orchestra grew under its first __________________, Henry Sopkin.
33. In 1967, Robert _______________ became the ___________________. Shaw
founded the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra __________________, ______________
African American musicians, and led the orchestra to __________________ Grammy
Awards and international recognition.
34. One of the most recognized ___________________ in the world today is opera's
Jessye ___________________, born in Augusta. Norman has sung major roles at
___________________ houses around the globe including the famous ______
______________ in Italy, the London Royal Opera, the New York
__________________________ Opera, and Carnegie Hall.
35. Norman has received several Grammy Awards and has also received the
_________________ __________________ highest award in the arts, a
________________ Center Honor.
36. In the 1930s, two Georgia women won _____________________ Prizes in
37. Caroline ________________ wrote Lamb in His Bosom, a story about a mother in
South Georgia.
38. Margaret ____________________ is famous for Gone With the Wind, a popular
______________ about Georgia during the Civil war and Reconstruction. Gone with
the Wind became a popular _______________.
39. One of the best-known __________________ of the depression era was Erskine
______________________. His books ___________________ _____________ and
God's Little Acre told stories of extremely ______________ whites, of
________________________ farms, and of textile mills.
40. In the 1940s, the works of __________________ American Frank ______________
began to appear. Yerby was an _____________________ native, and his novel The
Foxes of Harrow was the first best ____________________ written by an African
American. It too was made into a ___________________.
41. One of the most ______________________ of Georgia's writers in the 1940s was
Columbus native Carson _____________________.
42. The theme of ______________________ runs throughout her novels and other
writings, beginning with The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.
43. In the postwar period, Flannery ____________________, James _________________,
and Alice ____________________ became well known in American literature.
44. Walker is known for her novels, _______________ stories, and ________________.
45. Alice Walker was _____________ the first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize in
____________________. That ___________________ had happened in 1988 when
James Alan ________________________, born and raised in Savannah, won for his
collection of short stories entitled _________________ ________________.
46. One of Georgia's best contemporary ________________________ is Alfred Uhry. His
plays are set in Georgia and deal with _________________ of Georgia
47. Uhry is best known for his play _________________ ____________ ______________,
which premiered in New York in 1987.
48. He won a ____________________ Prize for the play, and the movie won an
____________________ Award for ____________Picture and for Best Adapted
Screenplay. He is the ____________ playwright to win all ____________ awards.
49. Georgia has many well-known ______________. In the postwar period, one was
James __________________.
50. Although perhaps best known for his prize-winning novel ______________________
and the screenplay for the movie version, Dickey was first recognized and admired in
literary circles for his _________________.
51. In 2007, Natasha ____________________ won the Pulitzer Prize in _______________.
52. Originally from _______________________, Trethewey came to __________________
in the early 1970s when she was six years old.
53. Daughter of an __________________ American mother and ______________ father
she often explores the nature of being _________________.
54. Another ______________, novelist, and short story writer in Georgia is
___________________ writer Judith Ortiz ______________. In her ______________-
winning poetry and stories, she ________________ of the experiences of Latinas,
especially Puerto Rican women.
55. In the last few decades, Georgia has been the setting or location for
___________________ of feature ______________, commercials, and music
_______________, along with television movies, series, and specials.
56. In 1973, then Governor Jimmy __________________ established a _____________
film commission, now known as the Georgia Film, Music and Digital Entertainment
Office, to ____________________ filmmakers to Georgia.
57. In this century, the state has worked to provide ___________________ in the hopes of
continuing to attract ____________________ to Georgia.
58. The __________________ ______________ are works of art - such as painting,
sculpture, and photography - that you can look at and that typically exist in permanent
59. Since the 1970s, the work of some [artists] became more ___________________
(something that does not represent 'real' life).
60. Two of the most _________________ artists are Benny ___________________ and
Lamar ______________.
61. Benny Andrews, an __________________ American artists, was raised near Madison
on a _________________ where his ____________________ were sharecroppers.
62. His {Benny} father George Andrews had no formal training in ____________, but
became known as the "____________ ____________" for his method of painting
______________ on everyday objects.
63. In New York, he [Benny] quickly became recognized for his _________________ and
his __________________-influenced paintings.
64. His [Benny] paintings have been _______________________ by more than thirty
______________________ including the Metropolitan Museum of Art in _________
________________, the Museum of Modern Art, and the __________________ High
Museum of Art.
65. Lamar _______________ is considered by many to be the most __________________
Georgia artist of the twentieth century.
66. Dodd's early work emphasized the natural _____________________.
67. The Georgia colony began as a ___________________ venture.
68. The spirit of _________________ lives on in the twenty-first century.
69. In 1937, Coca-Cola CEO Robert __________________ began a foundation that he
named the Trebor Foundation.
70. This foundation has donated hundreds of _________________ of dollars to
organizations such as Emory University, the Centers for ________________ Control,
CARE, and the Woodruff ____________ _________________, which houses the
Atlanta Symphony, the Alliance Theater, the High Museum of Art, the 14th Street
Playhouse, and Young Audiences.
71. In 1970, ____________________ Walter J. Brown started the Watson-Brown
Foundation, headquartered in _________________.
72. Each year, hundreds of students from several Georgia counties attend
_________________ on Watson-Brown ____________________.
73. Chick-fil-A founder Truett __________________ has focused his charity on
________________ people.
74. WinShape Homes supports _________________ ___________________; Cathy and
his wife ___________________ over __________ children themselves.
75. His Leadership ___________________ Program helps ___________________ of his
restaurants further their _________________.
76. From modest beginnings, he became an important ________________________ (one
who gives money or other help to improve the quality of human life).
77. _______________ _________________ founders Bernie _________________ and
Arthur __________________ have both become major philanthropists.
78. The Marcus Institute provides treatment for children with ________________ diseases.
79. Marcus also contributed _____________ million toward the Georgia
80. Arthur Blank founded the Arthur M. Blank __________________________.
81. Its Fostering Opportunity program supports charities aimed at ____________________
up to five years of age and at higher education for teens. The Youth Foundation of his
Atlanta ___________________ focuses on organizations in the Atlanta area that help
get young people _________________ and fit.
82. Georgian Ted _________________ has been an extremely ___________________
philanthropist. In fact, he gave one of the __________________, if not the largest,
single _____________ ever given by a person - $1 __________________ to the United
Nations Foundation.
83. Millard __________________ was not a Georgia by birth, but he __________________
Georgia as his home when he and his wife Linda gave up their ___________________
(he had become a millionaire by the age of twenty-nine) to live a life of
84. He founded what is perhaps Georgia's best-known service ____________________.
85. In the mid-1960s, Millard and Linda moved to a small _____________________
community called Koinonia Farm near ___________________.
86. There they developed the basic idea that in 1976 became _________________ for
____________________, a nonprofit, Christian-based charity.
87. His _________________ was to use _____________________ to build
_________________ for those who __________________ them.