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Woodland Carbon Fund
Application Form
The Woodland Carbon Fund (WCF) provides support for the creation of large multi-
purpose productive woodlands in England. These woodlands must be compliant with the
requirements and guidelines of the UK Forestry Standard (UKFS). The Fund provides
capital funding for woodland planting and protection measures, a second staged
payment for establishment, payment for forest roads and, on a discretionary basis,
funding for recreational infrastructure (footpaths).
We are required to collect a number of personal details of the applicant, land agent, or
landlord to be able to process your application. Further information on how we will use
your information and your rights under the UK’s data protection legislation can be found
at the end of this form.
Further information and guidance about payment rates, claims, in principle decisions and
partnership applications can be found in Appendix 1.
We may close the grant depending on funding availability and demand so please check
our website (https://www.gov.uk/guidance/woodland-carbon-fund) for news on any
closure dates.
Part 1 Basic Requirements
Please tick to confirm that you have either:
Full management control over the land; or
Signed consent from those with management control over the land as confirmed in
part 10 declaration.
1
In relation to this proposal to plant trees, please confirm by ticking the box that you are
not currently subject to
2
:
A requirement to mitigate the impacts of development under a planning consent by
creating this woodland.
1
You must have management control over all of the land being included in this application. If you
are a tenant we will require agreement from your landlord to proceed. If you are one of several
owners of land in the application and are acting as a lead applicant on their behalf, you must
provide their written consent to proceed.
2
We cannot pay WCF if woodland planting is the requirement of planning consent.
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Part 2 Applicant Details*
*please read how the Forestry Commission will use your personal information in part 8
of this form.
Part 2.1 Lead applicant
Title:
Forename:
Single Business
Identifier (SBI), if
available
3
:
Position:
Landline telephone
Number:
Mobile telephone
Number:
Country:
Are you an agent completing and
submitting this form on behalf of others?
Yes
No
If yes, tick to confirm that an agent authority form is in place giving
you the authority to complete and sign this application form. If this
form is not already in place please complete a Forestry Commission
agent authority form and submit it with your application.
Part 2.2 Tenants
Are you a tenant?
If no, go to Part 2.3; if yes, complete the following questions.
Yes
No
Do you have any obligations in your tenancy to carry out
environmental management on the land in question?
Yes
No
If yes, please tick to confirm that you are not seeking funding for
these activities in your application. Please provide a copy of your
tenancy agreement with your application.
3
If you have an SBI you must provide it here. If you do not have an SBI, we may need to contact
you for further information about your land ownership or business.
4
The Fund is open to applications from private land owners, local authorities and public bodies.
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Part 2.3 Agent
Please complete this section if an agent will act on your behalf. This section does not
need to be completed if the agent is acting as the lead applicant and has completed part
2.1.
Title:
Forename:
Surname
Position:
Landline telephone
Number:
Mobile telephone
Number:
Country:
Tick to confirm that an agent authority form is in place giving your
agent or representative the authority to sign forms or make claims
on your behalf. If this form is not already in place please complete
an agent authority form and submit it with your application.
Part 3 Site Details
Is the site partly or wholly within the ‘Priority Places for
England’ (PP)
5
spatial layer? If so, please give the
approximate percentage of the site within ‘PP’.
Yes
No
%
Expected planting density over the net planting area
6
:
stems per hectare
Composition:
% conifer
% broadleaf
% integral open
space
7
Name of property:
Net area of proposed tree planting:
hectares
Gross area of woodland creation (including
integral open space)
8
:
hectares
5
You can check this using out Land Information Search which includes Priority Places for England
as spatial layer: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/use-the-land-information-search
6
To qualify for this grant you must plant at least an average of 2,000 stems per hectare over the
net planted area.
7
Integral open space as defined by the National Forest inventory: integral open space within any
given woodland block is no more than 20 metres wide, no more than 0.5 hectares in extent, and
completely surrounded by woodland). Where an application includes more than 20% integral
open space, all per hectare payments and caps will be applied to the net planting area plus 20%
of the gross area.
8
To qualify for this grant you must intend to plant at least 10 hectares of woodland, but this may
include designed integral open space. When dealing with landscape scale applications we will also
consider woodland blocks that are at least five hectares in area and at least 20 metres in width
but your application must include at least one block which has a contiguous area of 10 hectares.
Here, “contiguous block” means that all stands of trees in the block are within 50 metres of either
one another or else existing woodland. Applications containing multiple contiguous blocks must be
at least 15 hectares in total size.
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Area of proposed tree planting within England
9
:
As above, or: hectares
If you have one, please provide the reference number for your Woodland Creation
Planning Grant below and then skip to Part 4:
Woodland Creation Planning Grant Reference:
If you do not have a Woodland Creation Planning Grant, please complete the details in
the following table:
At least 70% of the planting will be with productive trees species
10
.
A map showing the location and the boundary of the proposed planting is enclosed.
Grid Reference (of centre of principal planting area):
Nearest town or locality name:
Local Authority:
Is the site designated?
Yes
No
If Yes, please provide details of the designation(s), e.g. Site of Special Scientific
Interest, National Park, Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, Local Wildlife Site etc.:
Is the land subject to any current grant agreement(s)?
Yes
11
No
If Yes, please confirm the type of grant (e.g. HLS) and its end date:
Is the land under the management control of a public
authority (including the state, the Crown, county council,
district council, and local authorities)?
Yes
No
9
WCF only provides funding for planting land within England.
10
This is to ensure the woodland maximises the potential to sequester carbon. We define
productive as being at least yield class 12 for conifers (10 in the case of pines) and yield class 6
for broadleaves. Crops planted for management as coppice or short rotation forests and fast
growing species such as eucalyptus grown for energy are not fundable. Where variation in
conditions across your site mean that this is not possible, the Forestry Commission has the
discretion to allow less than 70% productive species in your application in order to allow your
planting project to meet the constraints set by your site. We will not make exceptions based on
landowner objectives where these are not consistent with carbon sequestration and productive
growth.
11
Where the land is subject to an existing grant agreement the Woodland Creation Design Plan
must account for the impact of tree planting on the grant agreement. If the land in your proposal
is in an Environmental Stewardship (ES) agreement, in order for your WCF application to be
eligible the ES agreement must expire or you must provide written confirmation from Natural
England that the land has been removed from ES. The Forestry Commission will not be held
responsible for any penalties or reclaims incurred as a result of removing land from ES.
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Part 4 Woodland Creation Design Plan
Please tick any boxes that apply.
To receive an in principle decision on the award of grant funding you must provide
either;
A completed Woodland Creation Planning Grant (WCPG) Stage 1 Checklist and
supporting documents including at least one map showing the constraints that applies
to creating woodland at the site. If you have one, please confirm your WCPG
Reference in Part 5.
12
A draft UKFS-compliant Woodland Creation Design Plan (as defined in documentation
supporting the WCPG). If you have one, please confirm your WCPG Reference in Part
5.
To receive a formal decision on the award of funding from the WCF you must provide
either;
A complete UKFS-compliant Woodland Creation Design Plan (as defined in
documentation supporting the WCPG). If you have one, please confirm your WCPG
Reference in Part 5.
Written confirmation that either: (a) Forestry Commission England has given an
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) screening decision that the proposal does not
require consent , or (b) you have obtained consent in the event that it was required.
If you have this, please provide a copy of the Proposal and consent/decision with your
application.
Part 5 Eligible Costs
Part 5.1 planting and establishment costs
Please set out the capital items for planting and establishment that you wish to apply for
in the WCF Grant Calculator (spreadsheet) available at www.gov.uk/guidance/woodland-
carbon-fund and submit this with your application. This information must be in
accordance with your Woodland Creation Design Plan or any plan you have developed to
secure either an EIA screening decision that the proposal does not require consent, or
consent in the event that it was needed. If you are submitting your Woodland Carbon
Fund application with a WCPG Stage 1 Checklist (only), you must update this application
form and your WCF Grant Calculator after you have completed your Woodland Creation
Design Plan in order to receive a formal decision on grant funding.
Please tick to indicate your intended planting season and claim year. Funding under the
Woodland Carbon Fund is strictly allocated to three remaining claim years: 2019-20,
2020-21 and 2021-22.
12
Please note that if you submit your WCF application with a completed WCPG Stage 1 Checklist
the checklist must have been approved by the Forestry Commission as part of the WCPG. Failure
to do so will make you ineligible for WCPG funding.
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Planting Season
Claim Year
13
Part 5.2 Second Stage payment
Part 5.3 Forest road costs
Part 5.4 Recreation infrastructure costs
13
Please note that we will accept only one claim a year, each claim must include at least 10
hectares of woodland creation.
2019-20
2020-21
2021-22
2019-20
2020-21
2021-22
Do you want to apply for the second stage payment for
establishment?
Yes
No
Do you want to apply for road infrastructure?
If yes, please tick all that apply below; if no, proceed to Part 5.4.
Yes
No
I have attached a map that shows the proposed location of roads
and tracks but have not obtained three quotes for the work; the
indicative total length of roads/tracks is:
m
I have attached a map that shows the proposed location of roads
and tracks along with three quotes for this work that include the
net amount for the work, excluding VAT, and show the
specification for the work involved.
I have attached a copy of the Local Planning Authority’s advice
and relevant permits.
Do you want to include recreation infrastructure in your
application?
If yes, please tick all that apply below; if no, proceed to Part 6.
Yes
No
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Part 6 VAT declaration
Road and recreational infrastructure payments are based on actual costs and, as such,
VAT will be payable by agreement holders. Where the agreement holder is VAT
registered and can claim VAT back from HMRC, the Forestry Commission will exclude the
VAT element when calculating the grant offer and payment.
Applicants are advised to seek advice from their accountant or a VAT specialist before
submitting an application for funding. The Forestry Commission is not responsible for
any aspect of VAT; this is the applicant’s responsibility.
If you are applying for support for road or recreational infrastructure, please tick the box
that applies to your application for funding under the Woodland Carbon Fund:
I am NOT registered for VAT and VAT will be included in my grant
agreements and claims. I attach proof of my VAT status (for example,
an Accountant’s Certificate).
I am registered for VAT and VAT will be excluded from my grant
agreement and claims.
Part 7 How we process your application
Once we receive your application we will acknowledge it and make some basic checks to
confirm your proposal is eligible. We may need to contact you to finalise some of the
details. A Review Panel will convene at least every three months to evaluate applications
on the basis of value for money and the delivery of public benefit. The Review Panel may
make in principle or formal grant funding decisions, depending on the completeness and
standard of applications. All formal and in principle offers will be subject to your proposal
passing the basic eligibility checks and advice from the local Forestry Commission team
on whether the location is suitable for the creation of productive multi-purpose
woodland.
We may give you a in principle offer of grant if we establish that your application is
complete and eligible subject to one or more conditions (such as completing the EIA
process, or submitting acceptable infrastructure quotes).
If you submit your application form with a WCPG stage 1 checklist or draft woodland
creation design plan then WCF funding will only be allocated in principle. This decision
will be made within 3 months of the application being received. A final agreement will be
issued once: (a) a completed woodland creation design plan has been prepared(if
outstanding), (b) the EIA process has been completed; and (c) any further conditions
outlined in an in principle grant funding decision have been satisfied.
I have attached an outline access map but have not obtained
three quotes for the work; the indicative length of footpath is:
m
I have attached an Access Map and three quotes for this work that
include the net amount for the work, excluding VAT, and show the
specification for the work involved.
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You must not start work (including the purchase of stock) until you have
accepted a formal (not ‘in principle’) grant offer from the Forestry Commission.
Doing so will invalidate any claim later submitted under an Agreement.
Where planting is spread across multiple years we will only accept one claim each
financial year, and each claim must be for at least 10 hectares of woodland planting
(gross area). A claim form is sent to all Agreement Holders and is available on request.
If you claimed Basic Payment Scheme on the land your claim will need to include
confirmation that you have notified the Rural Payments Agency of the tree planting
14
. All
claims will be subject to inspection before payment and payment will be made by BACS
transfer.
In the event that the trees are not consider to have established
15
successfully
after five years of the grant payment and no corrective action has been under-
taken
16
, or Permissive Access is stopped within 30 years of the grant payment,
the recipient of the grant may be required to pay back the grant payment
17
.
This applies irrespective of whether they occupy the land or not and we
recommend outgoing occupiers set up private agreements to transfer liabilities
during land sale.
A copy of the Terms and Conditions that apply are available on the web page. You will
need to agree to these to accept a grant offer in full or in principle. If for any reason at
any stage you do not wish to go ahead with the planting, please let us know by writing
to the address at Part 10 at the earliest opportunity. This will allow us to reallocate funds
to new applications.
14
You will need to notify RPA of the change to your land through submitting an RLE1 form
(https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/tell-the-rural-payments-agency-about-land-
changes-and-entitlement-transfers) and updating your next BPS application (for current land use
codes see here: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/bps-2016-land-use-codes).
15
We will determine this through an inspection where we will be looking for evidence that number
of trees in your are alive and that the trees are growing freely, out-competing other plant species
and not subject to restraint by other environmental factors, including browsing by deer and
livestock.
16
We will inspect the trees 12 months before the five year anniversary of the first grant payment.
17
Re-payments may be for a proportion or the total amount of grant. However, failure to
establish the trees in the first five years will result in a re-claim for the entire amount of the
grant. If re-payments are not made within 60 days of the reclaim instruction we may apply
interest for the period of further delay.
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Part 8 Data Protection Act 2018
The Forestry Commission (FC) will use any information you provide, to support the
administration of the scheme. Without your personal information, we will not be able to
process your application. The FC or its appointed agents may also use it, in keeping with
the safeguards of the Data Protection Act, in the following ways:
For communication with other organisations including Defra, other government
departments (and their agencies) and local authorities in the administration of the
application and subsequent grant agreement.
For producing operational information and statistics.
To contact applicants or their agents in connection with occasional research aimed at
improving the services that the FC provides.
Your personal information will be stored securely in the EU and will be kept for 5 years
after the completion of your grant, as per our retention policy. Your personal information
will be shared with other Defra bodies for the purpose of administering and processing
your application to the Fund.
You have a number of rights under the Data Protection Act 2018, which are listed on the
out in full on the Information Commissioner’s website. You have the right to lodge a
complaint with a supervisory authority, the Information Commissioners’ Office, on their
website, https://ico.org.uk/
The Forestry Commission is a data controller under the Data Protection Act. You can
read our personal information charter on our website.
Part 9 Release of information
The FC is required to release information, which may include personal data and
commercial information, to comply with the Environmental Information Regulations 2004
and the Freedom of Information Act 2000. This may include details such as name and
address of the applicant, property, grant recipient, type of grant and grant value.
However, the FC will not permit any unwarranted breach of confidentiality nor will it act
in contravention of its obligations under the Data Protection Act.
The Forestry Commission may also publish additional information on its own website.
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Part 10 Declaration (to be signed by the applicant)
This declaration can only be signed by the lead applicant listed in Part 2.
I confirm that I have read and understood the guidance, terms and conditions
and rules relating to the Woodland Carbon Fund and that the information
provided in this application form is accurate and complete.
Signature
Name (BLOCK caps)
Date
Counter signature
This section must be completed where the lead applicant does not have management
control over all or part of the land in this application for the entire length of the
agreement, maintenance period and where applicable access period as defined in the
WCF terms and conditions.
Title:
Forename:
Surname
Position:
Landline telephone
Number:
Mobile telephone
Number:
Country:
I am the freehold owner of the land declared in Part 3 Site Details.
In counter signing this Woodland Carbon Fund application form I confirm that if the
applicant named in Part 2 Applicant’s Details ceases to have management control over
the land declared in Part 3 Site Details at any time before the full completion of any
agreement resulting from this application I will ensure that all of the obligations under
the agreement will be properly fulfilled for the full term of such agreement.
Where I have failed to fulfil the obligations identified in the previous paragraph the
agreement may be terminated by the Forestry Commission and I agree to repay on
demand with penalties and interest any payments received by me or the applicant under
the agreement.
Signature
Name (BLOCK caps)
Date
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Completed applications should be sent to: wcf@forestrycommission.gov.uk.
Hard copies of applications and additional supporting information should be sent to:
Woodland Carbon Fund WCF
Forestry Commission
National Office, England
620 Bristol Business Park
Coldharbour Lane
Bristol, BS16 1EJ
Submission checklist
Before returning your form, please ensure that you have;
Completed all relevant parts of the form and signed the declaration in Part
10.
Completed and attached at least one of the documents listed in Part 4.
Completed and attached the WCF grant calculator.
Where applicable, attached a copy of your tenancy agreement.
Where applicable, completed and attached an agent authority form.
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Appendix 1 Application Guidance
This section provides further information about the Woodland Carbon Fund and should
be read in conjunction with the terms and conditions for the grant.
Woodland Creation Planning Grant
Applications received with a Woodland Creation Planning Grant application form will not
be eligible for the Woodland Carbon Fund but will be assigned a Woodland Creation
Officer for the WCPG application. If the WCPG passes Stage 1, the proposal will then
become eligible for a WCF ‘in principle’ decision.
Partnerships
We welcome partnership, landscape-scale woodland creation applications where the land
may be held by multiple ownerships. In such cases you will need to submit written
consent from all landowners, nominating you as the “lead applicantfor this WCF
application. Any and all grant payments will be paid only to the lead applicant (or their
agent, if specifically authorised to receive grant payments via an agent authority form).
In Principle Decisions
If you submit your application with a WCPG stage 1 checklist or draft woodland creation
design plan then WCF funding will only be allocated in principle. This decision will be
made within 3 months of the application being received. A final agreement will be issued
once a completed woodland creation design plan has been prepared and the subsequent
EIA process completed. The WCF application form and WCF grant calculator must be
reviewed following completion of the woodland creation design plan to account for any
changes in the design of the woodland. The value of the WCF application can increase
by up to 15% subject to availability of funds. You should therefore ensure that the
application form and grant calculator that you submit for an in principle decision are as
informed and accurate as possible.
Formal Decisions
If you submit your application with written confirmation that EIA consent is grant or not
required, and/or a UKFS-compliant woodland creation design plan, you will be eligible to
receive a formal decision on grant funding. Formal decisions will be made within one
month, subject to a 28-day public consultation period. Claims for payment cannot
exceed the value of the formal agreement offer; as such it is crucial that the application
form and grant calculator are reviewed to ensure they are correct before a formal
agreement offer is accepted.
Planting seasons and claim years
The planting season is taken as October to March. We expect planting to take place
within two years of the agreement date, subject to regulatory consent, and may
withdraw the offer of grant if this period is exceeded.
We will only accept claims that meet the basic area requirements for the scheme.
Principally, we will not accept claims for planting less than 10 hectares (gross area).
This means that schemes smaller than 20 hectares will only be eligible to submit a
single claim, for example.
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Priority Places Rate
You can claim the higher Priority Places Rate (PP Rate) if:
At least 30% of the site falls within the ‘Priority Places for England’ spatial layer,
and;
You agree to provide Permissive Access to the public by foot along designated
paths for 30 years. This access may be suspended for one day per year. Routes
must ensure access across the entire woodland and be managed where necessary
to enable public access on foot.
You have provided, or will provide with your final application, an Access Map
showing the location of designated paths and signage, as well as template signage
for the woodland. The signage must confirm the Permissive Access and any date
on which access may be suspended, and must be maintained and replaced where
necessary.
Second Stage payment
To support successful establishment of the newly planted woodland a one-off capital
second stage payment is available. This is based on the standard costs of supporting and
enhancing the newly established woodland in its first five years. The payment is for
£1,000 per (gross
18
) hectare of established woodland and Agreement Holders will be
invited to claim five years after the final claim for planting, only after a successful
inspection during year 4.
This payment will not be available on land owned by public authorities; this includes land
owned by the state, the Crown, county councils, district councils, and local authorities.
Where landscape scale applications are made containing land in multiple ownerships,
only land not owned by public authorities will be eligible for the second staged payment.
You must indicate within the WCF Grant Calculator whether you want to include the
second stage payment in your application.
Agreement holders intending to claim the second stage payment for the costs associated
with successfully establishing their new woodland in its first five years must, for the
entire agreement period:
Keep all newly planted trees free from competing vegetation by using approved
herbicides, mulch, or a clearing saw, hook or scythe. Herbicides must not be used
if trees are being planted on land next to a watercourse.
Replace any trees that die
Repair fences, tree shelters or spiral guards
Manage areas of open space
18
The area included in the payment will be no more than the net planted area plus 20% open
space.
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Forest Roads
Funding is also available for forest road infrastructure to provide access (e.g. for the
movement of planting stock and harvesting operations) for successful establishment and
future management of the planned woodland.The Woodland Creation Plan or the
proposal you prepared for an EIA determination should identify that poor access
currently prevents successful establishment and future management of the proposed
woodland.
Agreement holders are likely to need to prepare and submit a detailed specification (if
not already included in sufficient detail in your Woodland Creation Plan), tailored to the
site. The specification needs to set out the work that will be carried out on site, the
volume of timber that is expected to be produced and the soil conditions on site. The
work could include the construction of:
Extraction tracks for mechanised timber extraction to a transfer point
Haulage roads and turning points
Haulage road entrances or laybys
Profiling and paving timber transfer points and stacking areas
Culverts and other road and track side drainage
Woodland security, such as gates for new entrance points
The specification needs to meet Construction, Design and Management (CDM)
regulations for forest roads and tracks. Further information about the CDM regulations is
available in Operations Note 25.
If you are including a forest road in your WCF application you must notify the local
planning authority so it can determine whether the work can be classified as a permitted
development. This requires the applicant to submit a description of the work to the local
authority. You must then send a copy of the Local Planning Authority’s advice and any
permits with your WCF application.
Where offered, the grant will cover 40% of the costs of the lowest of three quotes for the
work which you must provide with your application. Your quotes should clearly show the
net amount for the works, excluding VAT (See Part 6 VAT declaration). Funding for this
grant will be capped at 10% of the total value of the grant application, or 5% of
remaining WCF funds (whichever is lower).
You must indicate within the WCF Grant Calculator whether you want to include forest
road infrastructure in your application.
Recreational Infrastructure
A discretionary grant is available for recreational infrastructure (footpaths and associated
infrastructure) to enhance access provision. We expect the Woodland Creation Design
Plan or plan that supports clearance to plant under the EIA Regulations to explain the
recreational demand and identify the location and specification of any stiles and
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footpaths you wish to apply for. For example this might be demonstrated by at least
30% of the land being in a Priority Place for England, or an identified benefit to linking
up two or more existing paths.
You will need to provide Permissive Access to the public by foot along designated paths
for 30 years. Unless you have already provided it to support an application at the PP-
Rate provide an Access Map and a template of the signage you intend to use to confirm
the Permissive Access with the application in order that this can be approved by the
Forestry Commission. An Access Map will show the routes over which Permissive Access
on foot will be permitted and where signage will be located. You may close the routes of
Permissive Access one day a year but this must be clear in the signage.
Where offered, the grant will cover 80% of the costs of the lowest of three quotes for the
work; you must provide the quotes with your application. Your quotes should clearly
show the net amount for the work excluding VAT. Funding for this grant will be capped
at 10% of the total value of the grant application, or 5% of remaining WCF funds
(whichever is lower).
You must indicate within the WCF Grant Calculator whether you want to include
recreation infrastructure in your application.
Capital Items
All capital items will be fit for purpose: meeting good practice guidelines and being
designed to meet the desired outcome. Guidance on appropriate fencing and gate
specification can be found in Forestry Commission Bulletin 102 "Forest Fencing".
Capital item
Description
Tree planting
To supply, plant and weed young trees and, where required,
protect with a 0.6 metre spiral guard. This capital item
includes the costs of replacing up to 15% of trees that die in
their first two years (“beating up”).
Individual tree shelter
To protect young trees with a tree shelter. The Tree shelters
will protect trees from grazing animals and the height of the
animal determines which shelter to use, e.g.:
for roe, muntjac or Chinese water deer use 1.2m
shelters
for fallow, red or sika deer use 1.8m shelters
for hares and rabbits use 1.2m tree shelter or smaller
if available.
Stock fencing
Method of stock control, to help habitat management or
protect environmental features.
Sheep netting
Exclude sheep to protect environmental features. Sheep
netting should be steel wire mesh fence at least 1.05m high.
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Rabbit fencing supplement
Where additional fencing is required to exclude rabbits to
help protect environmental features. Rabbit fencing should be
standard 18 gauge netting and the bottom edge should be
buried to a depth of 150mm, or lap the netting on the
surface of the ground towards the rabbit threat.
Deer fencing
To protect newly created woodland from deer browsing.
Specification for deer fencing appropriate to the deer species
that poses a threat to the trees can be found in FC Bulletin
102: Forest Fencing.
Where a deer fence is used additional payments will not be
made for tree shelters within the fenced area.
Deer pedestrian gate
This item is to install a deer proof pedestrian gate within the
deer fence.
Advice on specification for such gates can be found in FC
Bulletin 102: Forest Fencing.
Deer vehicle gate
This item is to install a deer proof vehicle gate within the
deer fence. Advice on specification for such gates can be
found in FC Bulletin 102: Forest Fencing.
Wooden field gate or
wooden wings
Facilitate stock management and keep livestock out of
watercourses. Advice on specification for such gates can be
found in FC Bulletin 102: Forest Fencing.
Badger gate
Provide badgers with unrestricted access either side of a
newly erected fence, which crosses known badger routes.
Water gates
Use across streams in conjunction with other stock control
options.
Top wiring for stone walls
Where there is already a wall protecting a site, this item can
be used to provide additional height for deer/large mammal
protection.
Leaky woody dams
Leaky woody dams (LWD) should be:
sited on slow flowing reaches of the water course that
on average have at least two metres of floodplain on
either side;
include branch wood as necessary to help hold water
back above the level of low flows;
built to a height sufficient to encourage water to come
out of bank and on to the floodplain upstream of the
LWD;
built in series (minimum number of 3 dams) at a
spacing of approximately 5-7 times the width of the
channel between LWDs;
install a sufficient number of LWDs to exert a
significant reduction in flood flows for the size of
catchment and nature of the downstream flood risk,
or to contribute to this goal as part of a longer-term
plan, in combination with the action of other
landowners;
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Woodland Carbon Fund Application Form
17 | WCF Application Form | Forest Services | 31/07/2019 v8.0
avoid installing LWDs directly upstream of ‘pinch
points’ such as bridges or culverts that back-up flows
and thereby are likely to swamp the LWD itself;
avoid installing LWDs close to existing natural woody
structures that are already acting to slow flood flows;
inspected at least once a year and additionally after a
major storm/flood event, checking for any significant
scouring of the banks or bed of the water channel,
marked sediment deposition, and movement or
loosening of the structure;
appropriately maintained to retain an effective
structure to act during the next flood and to retain
uninterrupted flows outside of flood events;
These are only guidelines however and the detailed design
can vary widely. The siting of LWDs in natural water courses
will largely be dictated by local circumstances and availability
of suitable materials.
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